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The purpose of this report is to highlight progress, challenges and future priorities in addressing legal and policy barriers to achieving universal access to HIV services in Asia and the Pacific. It will inform country preparations for the United Nations General Assembly High-Level Meeting on Ending AIDS (HLM) to be convened in New York, 8-10 June 2016, as well as subsequent actions at regional and country level towards ending AIDS, protecting human rights and achieving the SDGs.
This report follows on the recommendation of the Global Commission on HIV and Law in undertaking national reviews and multi-stakeholder consultations by 2015, relating to the legal and policy barriers towards the elimination of HIV-related stigma, discrimination, and violence. The assessment was carried on from November 2014 to January 2015, under the leadership of the National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC), of the Ministry of Health and Population, which convened a Steering Committee to oversee the whole process. Recommendations from the Global Commission on HIV and Law were used as a key reference throughout the reviewing process and suggestions and inputs from the validation meeting held on 26 January 2015 have also been incorporated into the final recommendations in this Assessment report.
This publication outlines the priority health care needs and human rights issues for trans people in the Asia Pacific region. The purpose of the Blueprint is to strengthen and enhance the policy-related, clinical, and public health responses for trans people in the region. This document is the third in a series of regional trans health Blueprints, and builds on similar publications produced in Latin America and the Caribbean by the Pan American Health Organization. The Asia and the Pacific Trans Health Blueprint in keeping with the series has been developed in close cooperation with the World Health Organization.
For millions of young people who use drugs from Asia and the Pacific, services that could improve their health, encourage recovery and bring about a better quality of life are often denied. Stigma, discriminatory laws and policies prevent many PWUDfrom accessing the benefits of harm reduction programmes.
Eliminating those barriers was the focus of “Access to Harm Reduction Services for Young People Who Inject Drugs in Asia and the Pacific”, a session held on 20 October as part of the 24th International Harm Reduction Conference (IHRC) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Youth LEAD ran the session, which was supported by UNESCO Bangkok.
Keywords: young people, needle/syringe, NSP and OST programmes, harm reduction services
The Asia-Pacific Intergovernmental Meeting (IGM) on AIDS, UNESCO, UNAIDS and UNFPA have released an infographic on creating an enabling legal and policy environment in Asia-Pacific for young people to access HIV testing and services.
The 10 Asia-Pacific countries profiled in the infographic have taken steps to enable young people under 18 to access testing without parental consent, applying different approaches.
Such policies and laws recognize adolescents’ evolving capacities to make decisions about their own health and well-being, and are part of comprehensive legislation guaranteeing young people’s right to the highest attainable standard of health.
Keywords: HIV, Asia-Pacific, young people, testing, health service
This study assesses the barriers faced by men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in Bhutan in accessing health services. It seeks to identify the level of stigma and discrimination against these marginalized groups as well as assesses the strengths, limitations and needs of the health services dealing with their sexual health. The study puts forth a set of concrete recommendations aimed at addressing the issues that have been identified.
Keywords: HIV, PLHIV, homophobia, gender, stigma, discrimination, gender
The meeting built on Papua New Guinea’s participation in the 2013 Pacific Consultation on Legal and Policy Barriers to Access to HIV Services, and on the commitments to conduct such reviews and consultations to advance national efforts to eliminate stigma and discrimination and to achieve universal access to HIV services in the ESCAP Regional Framework for Cooperation to 2015 (agreed by ESCAP Members including PNG in 2012) and the Regional Framework beyond 2015 (agreed by ESCAP Members including PNG in January 2015). The meeting also provided a forum for discussion of steps needed in PNG to implement UNAIDS Fast-Track approach to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.
This document captures the discussions and outputs of the National Consultation on Legal and Policy Barriers to HIV in Indonesia, held in Bandung, Indonesia on 11-12 September 2013. The national consultation was jointly convened by UNDP, UNAIDS and the National AIDS Commission to assess the legal barriers to effective implementation of the National AIDS Strategy and Action Plans 2010-2014. The objectives were to examine the implication of barriers to the HIV response, identify opportunities under existing legal and supportive policy frameworks and provide concrete recommendations. The consultation involved representatives from relevant sectors, including academic institutions, civil society, faith-based organizations, members of key populations and government officials.
This report documents the presentations and discussions made during the Workshop on the Role of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) in Promoting and Protecting the Rights, including Health, of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) People in Asia and the Pacific held from 24-25 February 2015 at the United Nations Conference Centre in Bangkok, Thailand. The workshop was organized and co-sponsored by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions (APF) in cooperation with the Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health (APCOM).
This report is the culmination of 18 months of work undertaken with multiple stakeholders in China. This process started with a partnership between UNDP and Renmin University School of Law in the preparation of an HIV and Law Review Report, which was completed in late 2013. The HIV and Law Review Report formed the basis for a NAtional Dialogue on HIV and the Law organized by UNDP, UNAIDS and Renmin University School of Law and hosted by the Red Ribbon Forum in December 2013 in Beijing, China.