Combating Hepatitis B and C to Reach Elimination by 2030 - Advocacy Brief. WHO. (2016)

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In 2013, viral hepatitis was a leading cause of death worldwide (1.46 million deaths, a toll higher than that from HIV, tuberculosis or malaria, and on the increase since 1990). More than 90% of this burden is due to the sequelae of infections with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV).

Prevention can reduce the rate of new infections, but the number of those already infected would remain high for a generation. In the absence of additional efforts, 19 million hepatitis-related deaths are anticipated from 2015 to 2030. Treatment now can prevent deaths in the short- and medium term. 


Keywords: HIV, hepatitis B and C, treatment, prevention, testing


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Trial Participants by Prevention Research Area, 2015. AVAC. (2016)

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Given the higher rates of acquisition seen across so-called key populations—members of highly burdened and underserved groups—it is critical to provide access to the research process such that they can participate and reap more immediate benefit of scientific progress. Greater efforts must be made to include key populations in this crucial process for the HIV prevention response to be truly impactful.

 

Excerpted from Px Wire.


Keywords:  HIV vaccine, microbicides, PrEP, treatment, male circumcision

 

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An Assessment of Decentralization of Antiretroviral Therapy in Myanmar. Htun Nyunt Oo, Fujita M, Yu D, Ye Nyunt, et al. (2016)

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ART is being rapidly scaled up in Myanmar, led by National AIDS Programme (NAP) and supported by many partners.
Decentralization of HIV care and treatment to township and peripheral levels brings services closer to where those in need reside.
ART decentralization assessment conducted to 13 decentralized ART sites in March 2015 by a joint team of national and international experts. 

 

 

Keywords: HIV, ART, PLHIV, NGO, services

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Cascade of HIV Testing, Care and Treatment Services, 2014 and 2015: Country profiles. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2016)

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The publication presents cascade of HIV testing, care and treatment services, 2014–2015 for Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Timor Leste. 


Keywords: HIV, ANC, TB, PMTCT, testing, treatment, diagnosis 

 

 

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Myanmar Case Study: Increasing Access to HIV Treatment. Mburu G, Paing AZ, Myint NN, Wang B, et al. (2016)

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There has been a rapid increase in the number of people living with HIV in Myanmar over the last decade, the majority of who are eligible for treatment. Alongside this increase has been an effort by the ministry of health to rapidly scale up provision of treatment in order to reduce HIV-related illnesses and deaths.

However, Myanmar has an ambitious national strategic goal of providing ART to 106,058 people by the end of 2016. The health system in Myanmar is already stretched, and to achieve this goal, innovation in ART delivery will be required in-order to ensure that ART is provided close to communities, without compromising quality.


Keywords: HIV, ART, healthcare, CD4 count, treatment

 

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The Need for Routine Viral Load Testing. UNAIDS. (2016)

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Greatly expanded access to routine viral load testing will be a game-changer in the global response to AIDS. Routine viral load tests improve treatment quality and individual health outcomes for people living with HIV, contribute to prevention, and potentially reduce resource needs for costly second- and third-line HIV medicines.


Keywords: HIV, viral load, care, testing, CD4

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Untangling the Web of Antiretroviral Price Reductions. Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF). (2016)

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The report finds that prices of older HIV drugs continue to decline, while newer drugs remain largely priced out of reach. This is in large part because pharmaceutical corporations maintain monopolies that block price-lowering generic competition.

Today, the lowest available price for a quality-assured, World Health Organization-recommended first-line one-pill-a-day combination is US$100 per person per year (tenofovir/emtricitabine/efavirenz). This is a decrease of 26 per cent since MSF last recorded the lowest price for first-line treatment at US$136 in 2014. For a WHO-recommended second-line regimen, the lowest available price is now US$286 per person per year (zidovudine/lamivudine + atazanavir/ritonavir) – an 11 per cent decrease from US$322 two years ago.


Keywords: HIV, ARV, treatment, access, adults, children

 

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Promoting Innovation and Access to Health Technologies. United Nations Secretary-General High-Level Panel on Access to Medicines. (2016)

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Whether it’s the rising price of the EpiPen, or new outbreaks of diseases, like Ebola, Zika and yellow fever, the rising costs of health technologies and the lack of new tools to tackle health problems, like antimicrobial resistance, is a problem in rich and poor countries alike. 
 
According to a High-Level Panel convened to advise the UN Secretary-General on improving access to medicines, the world must take bold new approaches to both health technology innovation and ensuring access so that all people can benefit from the medical advances that have dramatically improved the lives of millions around the world in the last century. 
 

 

Keywords: TRIPS, Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), health technology, access

 


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WHO Essential Medicines and Health Products Annual Report 2015. WHO/EMP. (2016)

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2015 confirmed a significant recent trend in the flagship WHO Model List of Essential Medicines with groundbreaking new treatments for hepatitis C and a variety of cancers included in the list despite their high prices. The list also included five new medicines for multidrug resistant tuberculosis (TB), among other updates. Traditionally considered a tool for developing countries to use as a guide for national medicines selection, the WHO Essential Medicines List is increasingly seen as a tool to increase access globally.


Keywords: HIV, AIDS, treatment, hepatitis C, tuberculosis (TB), drug resistant

 

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Surveillance of Viral Hepatitis in Hong Kong - 2015 Update Report. Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health. (2016)

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This Report presents the latest findings from collation and analysis of viral hepatitis data obtained from the disease notification system, service statistics, seroprevalence studies and other research findings. Much hopeful that the local viral hepatitis picture can be painted accurately and fully, this is certainly limited by the nature and availability of data. The presence of biases in data per se and their interpretation need to be acknowledged in reading this Report.


Keywords: HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, tuberculosis (TB), coinfection

 

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