On the Fast-Track to an AIDS-Free Generation. UNAIDS. (2016)

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The Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive (Global Plan) was launched in June 2011. It prioritizes the 22 countries1 that, in 2009, accounted for 90% of the global number of pregnant women living with HIV who were in need of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This report summarizes the history and development of the Global Plan, its achievements in reaching ambitious goals, lessons learned and directions for future progress to end new HIV infections among children.

 

Keywords: HIV, infections, children, prevention, antiretroviral medicines, pregnant women, breastfeeding

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End in Sight: Accelerating the End of HIV, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases in the South-East Asia Region. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2016)

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Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB and malaria remain among the leading causes of illness, death and impoverishment in our region, and infection levels continue to rise in many settings and populations. Unless focused efforts are undertaken to build on the gains to date, communities that remain vulnerable to neglected tropical diseases such as leprosy, kala-azar and filariasis will continue to be left behind. This report focuses on the historic opportunity for the WHO South-East Asia Region to end the scourge of communicable diseases for good.

 

Keywords: HIV, TB, malaria, neglected tropical diseases, public health

 

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10th Meeting Report: Asia-Pacific Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission of HIV Task Force. UNICEF. (2016)

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The 10th Asia-Pacific United Nations Prevention of Parent-To-Child Transmission (PPTCT) of HIV and Syphilis Task Force meeting was held from 15 to 17 September 2015 in Beijing, China. More than 230 participants from 19 Asia-Pacific countries, including 90 participants from provinces in China, as well as civil society and United Nations partners attended the meeting. The meeting focused on steps towards achieving and validating the elimination of parent-to-child transmission (EPTCT) of infectious diseases, and the integration of services to contribute to improving maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes.


Keywords: EPTCT, HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis, ART, children, infant

 

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Global Report on Access to Hepatitis C Treatment. WHO. (2016)

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This is the first-ever global report on treatment access to hepatitis C medicines. The report provides the information that countries and health authorities need to identify the appropriate HCV treatment, and procure it at affordable prices. The report uses the experience of several pioneering countries to demonstrate how barriers to treatment access can be overcome. It also provides information on the production of new hepatitis C drugs and generic versions worldwide, including where the drugs are registered, where the drugs are patented and where not, and what opportunities countries have under the license agreements that were signed by some companies as well as current pricing of all recommended DAAs, including by generic companies all over the world.

 

Keywords: HIV, hepatitis C, HCV, treatment, diagnosis, testing

 

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Elimination of Parent-to-Child-Transmission of HIV and Syphilis in Asia and the Pacific in 2015 and Beyond. UNICEF. (2016)

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Syphilis, a sexually transmitted bacterial infection, affects almost 40 million people worldwide. Like HIV, it can be passed from a pregnant woman to her unborn child. In pregnancy, if untreated, syphilis can result in severe outcomes for mother and infant. Yet, transmission can be effectively prevented with inexpensive and easily available penicillin treatment for pregnant women.6 Recognizing the opportunity to test and treat mothers and babies during antenatal or perinatal care, in 2007, the WHO and its partners published the Global elimination of congenital syphilis: rationale and strategy for action. The goal was to increase the number of pregnant women tested for syphilis to 90 per cent and to provide adequate treatment to at least 90 per cent of seropositive pregnant women by 2015.

 


Keywords: HIV, syphilis, EPTCT, ANC, ART, pregnant women, infants

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Combating Hepatitis B and C to Reach Elimination by 2030 - Advocacy Brief. WHO. (2016)

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In 2013, viral hepatitis was a leading cause of death worldwide (1.46 million deaths, a toll higher than that from HIV, tuberculosis or malaria, and on the increase since 1990). More than 90% of this burden is due to the sequelae of infections with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV).

Prevention can reduce the rate of new infections, but the number of those already infected would remain high for a generation. In the absence of additional efforts, 19 million hepatitis-related deaths are anticipated from 2015 to 2030. Treatment now can prevent deaths in the short- and medium term. 


Keywords: HIV, hepatitis B and C, treatment, prevention, testing


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United Nations High-level Meeting on Antimicrobial Resistance

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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become one of the biggest threats to global health and endangers other major priorities, such as human development. All around the world, many common infections are becoming resistant to the antimicrobial medicines used to treat them, resulting in longer illnesses and more deaths. At the same time, not enough new antimicrobial drugs, especially antibiotics, are being developed to replace older and increasingly ineffective ones.

 

Global leaders will meet at the United Nations General Assembly in New York in September 2016 to commit to fighting antimicrobial resistance together. This is only the fourth time in the history of the UN that a health topic is discussed at the General Assembly (HIV, noncommunicable diseases, and Ebola were the others). Heads of State and Heads of Delegations are expected to address the seriousness and scope of the situation and to agree on sustainable, multisectoral approaches to addressing antimicrobial resistance. 

 

Keywords: WHO, AMR, Antimicrobial Resistance, High-level Meeting


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- General Assembly of the United Nations: High-level Meeting programme 


- Draft political declaration of the high-level meeting of the General Assembly on antimicrobial resistance


- Fact sheet on AMR


- Antimicrobial resistance for policy makers


- Antimicrobial resistance: aide-memoire

Promoting Innovation and Access to Health Technologies. United Nations Secretary-General High-Level Panel on Access to Medicines. (2016)

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Whether it’s the rising price of the EpiPen, or new outbreaks of diseases, like Ebola, Zika and yellow fever, the rising costs of health technologies and the lack of new tools to tackle health problems, like antimicrobial resistance, is a problem in rich and poor countries alike. 
 
According to a High-Level Panel convened to advise the UN Secretary-General on improving access to medicines, the world must take bold new approaches to both health technology innovation and ensuring access so that all people can benefit from the medical advances that have dramatically improved the lives of millions around the world in the last century. 
 

 

Keywords: TRIPS, Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), health technology, access

 


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Clinical Practice Guidlines for Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV Adults and Adolescents in the Philippines 2016. Philippine Society for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. (2016)

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The objective of this guideline is to provide a framework for the treatment of Filipino HIV patients using an evidence-based approach, with emphasis on locally available treatment. The target audience is not only the infectious diseases subspecialist who treats HIV but also internists, family physicians, pulmonary specialists and other subspecialists who are taking care of or who wish to care for persons living with HIV.

 


Keywords: HIV, TB, adults, adolescents

 

 

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An Assessment of Decentralization of Antiretroviral Therapy in Myanmar. Htun Nyunt Oo, Fujita M, Yu D, Ye Nyunt, et al. (2016)

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ART is being rapidly scaled up in Myanmar, led by National AIDS Programme (NAP) and supported by many partners.
Decentralization of HIV care and treatment to township and peripheral levels brings services closer to where those in need reside.
ART decentralization assessment conducted to 13 decentralized ART sites in March 2015 by a joint team of national and international experts. 

 

 

Keywords: HIV, ART, PLHIV, NGO, services

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Highlighted publications
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Global_TB_Report_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal_National_Community_Led_HIV_Testing_Guidelines_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_PWID_PWUD_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_FEW_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/DataHub_TB-HIV_Fact_Sheet_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_National_HIV_Communication_Strategy_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Status_of_National_AIDS_Response_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V1_North-East_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V2_West_South_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V3_Northern_Central_Eastern_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Annual_report_2016-17.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_Estimations_and_projections_of_HIV_AIDS_at_Sub-national_level_2016-2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_What_New_in_Treatment_Monitoring_Viral_Load_and_CD4_Testing_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_2016-17.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_Mapping_Key_Populations_2015-16.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017_Data_2017_en.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Fact_Sheets_Nov2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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