UNICEF/WHO Technical Consultation: Improving Access to Appropriate Paediatric ARV Formulations. UNICEF and WHO (2004)

UNICEF/WHO Technical Consultation: Improving Access to Appropriate Paediatric ARV Formulations. UNICEF and WHO (2004) In 2003, more than 5 million people were newly infected with HIV – as many as 700,000 (13%) of them were children. Six hundred and thirty thousand (95%) of these new infections were caused through mother-to-child transmission, and 90% of the infected children live in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS case reporting is unreliable, however it is estimated that 500,000 children are currently in need of antiretroviral therapy (ARV) world wide. In 2003 some 490,000 child deaths under age 14 were due to AIDS, and an estimated 17% of all AIDS deaths were among children. There are 7 countries where AIDS accounts for more than 10% of the under five mortality.

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A Joint Assessment of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment and Care in China. State Council AIDS Working Committee Office and UN (2004)

A Joint Assessment of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment and Care in China. State Council AIDS Working Committee Office and UN (2004) On December 1, 2003, the China Ministry of Health and the UN Theme Group on HIV/AIDS jointly issued an Assessment of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Treatment and Care in China. Given the rapid changes that have occurred since that date, it was decided that an update of the Joint Assessment Report would be prepared by representatives of the State Council AIDS Working Committee Office and the UN system, covering the period to December 1, 2004.

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HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care in Viet Nam: Lessons Learned from the FHI/IMPACT Project. FHI (2004)

HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care in Viet Nam: Lessons Learned from the FHI/IMPACT Project. FHI (2004) Since the first HIV infection was reported in Viet Nam in December 1990, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has marched relentlessly onward to reach every province and thousands of communes throughout the country and at a pace that has become increasingly difficult for the government of Viet Nam to cope with effectively. As of December 2003 over 75,000 people in Viet Nam were reported to be HIV+, but the true number is likely to be three or more times higher.

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Expanding Access to HIV/AIDS Treatment Mission Report - Indonesia 19-31 January 2004. WHO (2004)

Expanding Access to HIV/AIDS Treatment Mission Report - Indonesia 19-31 January 2004. WHO (2004) Recently, Indonesia has adopted an ambitious target of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) to at least 10 000 people by the end of 2005. As of January 2004, of an estimated 15 000 people who were in need of ART, only 1300 persons were receiving the treatment. The intermediate target for 2005 is in line with the global WHO and UNAIDS "3 by 5" initiative. The initiative aims to provide three million people in developing countries (out of six million in need globally) access to ART by the end of 2005. The ultimate goal of the initiative is to provide universal access.

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Involvement of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Treatment Preparedness in Thailand. WHO, Golbal Fund, Talp, et al (2004)

Involvement of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Treatment Preparedness in Thailand. WHO, Golbal Fund, Talp, et al (2004) In 2001 the Thai Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) launched an antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme. A decentralized approach was adopted and treatment was initially provided to 1500 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in 112 govern- ment hospitals. Previously, health care for PLHA had been provided from specialist centres. By February 2004, 23 000 PLHA were being treated in 860 hospitals.

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Guidelines for HIV Diagnosis and Monitoring of Antiretroviral Therapy. WHO (2004)

Guidelines for HIV Diagnosis and Monitoring of Antiretroviral Therapy. WHO (2004) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has changed the social, moral, economic and health fabric of the world in a short span. Today HIV/AIDS is the greatest health crisis faced by the global community. Till date, this pandemic has killed nearly 30 million people. More than 40 million are living with HIV, and to this pool, an additional 14 000 are added everyday. It is expected that, if not treated, 3 million people will die every year of HIV/AIDS. It is estimated that of the millions of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in developing countries, 6 million people require antiretroviral therapy (ART). Most of these are in 34 high burden countries of Africa and Asia. Of these, only 400 000 are currently receiving ART.

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Improving Access to Anti-Retroviral Treatment in Cambodia. Alliance and Khmer HIV/AIDS NGO Alliance (2003)

Improving Access to Anti-Retroviral Treatment in Cambodia. Alliance and Khmer HIV/AIDS NGO Alliance (2003) Cambodia is often cited as an example of how an effective multi-sectoral response to HIV, with strong political commitment and effective co-operation between government, non- governmental organisations (NGOs), and international organisations, can impact on the spread of infection. Cambodia has an HIV/AIDS prevalence of 2.6% in the adult population (15-49 years). Government data indicates that HIV prevalence rates in some of the populations under surveillance appear to be declining. However, the current data indicates that HIV/AIDS is not uniformly distributed throughout the country and numbers of cases of AIDS and AIDS-related deaths continue to increase.

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National Guideline for the Use of ART in Adults and Adolescents. National Centre for HIV/AIDS Dermatology and STD Cambodia (2003)

National Guideline for the Use of ART in Adults and Adolescents. National Centre for HIV/AIDS Dermatology and STD Cambodia (2003) The escalating HIV epidemic in Cambodia is now producing an expanding need for HIV/AIDS care, as people progress to advanced and symptomatic HIV disease. This need for HIV/AIDS care and support will increase considerably over the next decade, as each year approximately 20 000 people will develop AIDS and die unless expanded interventions are available. The limited resources of the Cambodian health care system will be further stretched due to this impact of HIV/AIDS on care needs. The presence of such a large number of HIV infections in the population creates an inescapable increase in demand for health care.

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Expanding Access to HIV/AIDS Treatment: Mission Report India. WHO (2003)

Expanding Access to HIV/AIDS Treatment: Mission Report India. WHO (2003) This report was prepared by a WHO team comprising members from WHO headquarters, the Regional Office for South-East Asia (SEARO), and the WHO Representative's Office (WRO) in collaboration with representatives from UNICEF and UNAIDS. The mission consulted development partners, stakeholders, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and civil society representatives. The dialogue on behalf of the Government of India was led by Mr JVR Prasada Rao, Secretary, Department of Health, and Mrs Meenakshi Datta Ghosh, Additional Secretary and Project Director, National AIDS Control Organization (NACO). The mission consulted Mr Ajay Seth, Director, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance. The mission is grateful to the officials, partners and colleagues (see Annex 1) who participated or provided support and advice. The programme of the mission is at Annex 2. The WHO team would like to thank the Government of India for its assistance and gracious hospitality.

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A Public Health Approach to Antiretroviral Treatment: Overcoming Constraints. WHO (2003)

A Public Health Approach to Antiretroviral Treatment: Overcoming Constraints. WHO (2003) A growing, global movement of people living with HIV/AIDS and their advocates, civil society organizations, health professionals, philanthropic foundations, international agencies, governments and private corporations is now working to reverse this injustice. The efforts of this move- ment have helped to shape a global consensus that allowing millions of deaths from a treatable disease is intolerable and that prevention strategies alone are insufficient to contain the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Treatment and care are therefore the crucial, missing link in the global response because, by alleviating suffering, reducing stigma and mitigating the economic and social impact of disease, they can reinforce the fight against HIV/AIDS.

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https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_National_and_Subnational_HIV_Estimates_and_Projections_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_NASA_Report_2016-2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_TB_Global_Report_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-Global-AIDS-Update_Asia-Pacific_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-changing-laws-that-discriminate_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/PNG_HIV_National_Strategic_Information_2018-22.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/PNG_National_STI_and_HIV_Strategy.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-young-peoples-participation-in-community-based-responses-to-hiv_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNODC_factsheet_Ending_AIDS_by_2030_for_people_and_with_PUD_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_GAP_progress_report_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/HRI-women-harm-reduction-2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Elective_C-section_should_not_be_routinely_recommended_to_WLHIV_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/ESCAP_Asia_and_the_Pacific_SDG_Progress_Report_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guideline_on_digital_interventions_for_health_system_strengthening_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Progress_report_on_HIV_viral_hepatitis_and_STI_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_HIV_UHC_Guide_Civil_Society_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_Annual_Report_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_HIV-related-travel-restrictions-explainer_2019.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/HIV-and-the-Law-supplement-2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_IBBS_and_Population_size_estimates_among_FSW_2015.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal_National_Community_Led_HIV_Testing_Guidelines_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_PWID_PWUD_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_FEW_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/DataHub_TB-HIV_Fact_Sheet_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_National_HIV_Communication_Strategy_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Status_of_National_AIDS_Response_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V1_North-East_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V2_West_South_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V3_Northern_Central_Eastern_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
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