Overview of regional implementation of the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals and Efforts to Ensure Universal Access in Asia and the Pacific. ESCAP. (2015)

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The present document aims to review the progress of the HIV response in the Asia-Pacific region, with a view to identifying the opportunities for further action afforded by the 2011 Political Declaration. In doing so, it also draws on the expressed commitments undertaken by ESCAP member States to address the HIV epidemic, including those reflected in resolutions 66/10, Regional call for action to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in Asia and the Pacific (19 May 2010) and 67/9, Asia-Pacific regional review of the progress achieved in realizing the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (25 May 2011).

 

Keywords: IGM, 2015, HIV, prevalence, treatment, care, prevention, gender, violence, ART, children, women

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Transmitted HIV Drug Resistance Survey in Two Provinces in Papua New Guinea. Lavu E, Dala N, Gurung A, et al. (2015)

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Surveillance of transmitted HIV drug resistance (TDR) in individuals recently infected with HIV was performed following WHO-suggested methods. The prevalence of transmitted HIV drug resistance (TDR) in recently infected antiretroviral drug naïve individuals in PNG has not been fully characterised.


Keywords: HIV, ART, PNG, prevalence, drug resistance

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Scaling up HIV Treatment for MSM in Bangkok: What Does It Take? — A Modelling and Costing Study. Zhang L, Phanuphak N, Henderson K, et al. (2015)

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The HIV epidemic amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) in Bangkok is substantial. The population size of MSM in Bangkok is 120,000-250,000, with approximately one-third (33.5 percent) considered high-risk, characterized by their young age, multiple partnerships, frequent unprotected anal intercourse, and sexual activities around MSM hotspots. In metropolitan Bangkok, HIV prevalence among MSM reportedly increased from 21 percent to 28 percent between 2000 and 2012. The Thai Working Group of Estimation and Projection (2013) projected an estimate of 39,000 new HIV infections would occur in Thailand during 2012-2016, based on the AIDS Epidemic Model (AEM). 


Keywords: HIV, transmission, heterosexual, epidemic, infections, cost-effectiveness

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Issue Brief - Decisions Around HIV Treatment in 2015: Seven Ways to Fail, Derail or Prevail. Médecins Sans Frontières. (2015)

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In this issue brief we first review trends in generic competition and intellectual property (IP) licensing for key antiretroviral drugs. We then outline seven momentous decisions to be made in 2015 that will largely determine whether ART will be affordable, available and robust for the next 15 years of treatment scale-up to all people living with HIV. This includes opportunities for greatly improved treatment regimens based on WHO guidelines on when to start treatment, and what first- and second line regimens should include.

 

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Global Fund, medicines, treatment, ART

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Diagnostics Access Initiative to Achieve the 90-90-90 Treatment Target. UNAIDS. (2015)

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The aim of the new initiative is to leverage improved, accessible, affordable and  optimally used diagnostic technologies and strategies to ensure achievement of a bold new HIV treatment target for 2020.

 

 


Keywords: HIV, treatment cascade, testing, prevention, ART, diagnostics

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Fast-Track Cities: Update 2015. UNAIDS. (2015)

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Launched only a year ago, Fast-Track cities has rapidly taken root and grown. This is the first annual update on progress in implementing the Fast-Track cities approach and it supports one of the seven key commitments contained in the Paris Declaration. This report reflects on the actions taken by cities and by the four core partners— the city of Paris, UNAIDS, the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) and the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC)—towards ending the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030. Future reports will illustrate good practices and quantifiable evidence of progress that will inspire and inform Fast-Track cities and the many stakeholders helping to confront AIDS as a health and development challenge.

 

Keywords: treatment, urban, AIDS epidemic, response, 90-90-90

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Overview of regional implementation of the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals and Efforts to Ensure Universal Access in Asia and the Pacific. ESCAP. (2015)

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The present document aims to review the progress of the HIV response in the Asia-Pacific region, with a view to identifying the opportunities for further action afforded by the 2011 Political Declaration. In doing so, it also draws on the expressed commitments undertaken by ESCAP member States to address the HIV epidemic, including those reflected in resolutions 66/10, Regional call for action to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in Asia and the Pacific (19 May 2010) and 67/9, Asia-Pacific regional review of the progress achieved in realizing the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (25 May 2011).

 

Keywords: IGM, 2015, HIV, prevalence, treatment, care, prevention, gender, violence, ART, children, women

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Preventing HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships: Evidence, Strategies and Approaches for Addressing Concentrated HIV Epidemics in Asia. UNDP. (2015)

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Preventing HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships: Evidence, strategies and approaches for addressing concentrated HIV epidemics in Asia provides evidence-based guidance to policymakers in Asia so that national HIV responses give appropriate priority to prevention efforts among key populations and their intimate partners, as well as those in serodiscordant relationships. Scaling up efforts to prevent intimate partner transmission of HIV will help countries to meet targets to halve sexual transmission of HIV, eliminate mother-to-child transmission, reduce AIDS-related maternal deaths, and address gender inequalities. 


This report by UNDP, UNICEF and UNAIDS responds to data which shows that new infections in the long-running HIV epidemics in Asia, such as in Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand, are on the increase among intimate partners of high risk populations.  Reviewing the interplay of factors that affect sexual behaviours and decision making among key populations and people living with HIV, the report recommends strategies that need to be adopted by countries for a more comprehensive response to intimate partner transmission.


The report argues that efforts to address intimate partner transmission of HIV should concentrate on the interplay of factors that affect sexual behaviour and decision-making among key populations and people living with HIV who know their status, including how they negotiate safer sex and make contraceptive choices with their intimate partners.


Keywords: HIV, prevention, human rights, PMTCT, PLHIV, gender equality, violence


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Download summary report click here

 

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- Evidence on high intimate partner transmission

 

- Common determinants of risk and vulnerability (i) men from key populations; (ii) women from key populations; and (iii) in serodiscordant couple relationships

 

- Five high impact strategies for preventing HIV in intimate partner relationships

 

- Components of a combination prevention approach for preventing HIV in intimate partner relationships

 

- Recommendations

 

Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance. WHO. (2015)

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Antimicrobial resistance threatens the very core of modern medicine and the sustainability of an effective, global public health response to the enduring threat from infectious diseases. Systematic misuse and overuse of these drugs in human medicine and food production have put every nation at risk. Few replacement products are in the pipeline. Without harmonized and immediate action on a global scale, the world is heading towards a post-antibiotic era in which common infections could once again kill.


Keywords: awareness, prevention, medicines, diagnostic, vaccines

 

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What Communities Need to Know About the WHO ARV Guidelines. WHO and UNAIDS. (2015)

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Developed by Southern African AIDS Trust, with the support of WHO and UNAIDS, the summary of the the WHO’s New Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection is now available.

Among many new recommendations is that antiretroviral therapy (ART) should be initiated in everyone living with HIV at any CD4 cell count. Another is that the use of daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as a prevention choice for people at substantial risk of HIV infection as part of combination prevention approaches.


Keywords: HIV, ARV, CD4, treatment, health services

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