East Asian Regional Response to HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. Japan Center for International Exchange (2005)

East Asian Regional Response to HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. Japan Center for International Exchange (2005) It is widely recognized that HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases are among the world’s most urgent human security challenges, threatening the survival and livelihood of individuals and communities around the globe, particularly in developing countries. As many speakers emphasized, these diseases are increasingly regarded as threats to human security, and as a result they closely intersect with other threats such as poverty, hunger, in- equality, and violence, requiring a multifaceted and multisectoral response. In her talk, Dr. Kamarulzaman added several other socioeconomic factors that affect the region’s response to the spread of HIV/AIDS, such as vary- ing levels of literacy, rural to urban migration, and trafficking of women and children.

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HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia: Country Profiles. The World Bank (2004)

HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis in Central Asia: Country Profiles. The World Bank (2004) The HIV/AIDS epidemic is still at a low level in the countries of Central Asia, but this situation presents a dual challenge: first, to call attention to the projected epidemic so that policy-makers at the national level understand what lies ahead, given international evidence on the growth of HIV infection; and second, to plan, in the context of extremely limited resources, a rational response to HIV/AIDS throughout the sub region. In Central Asia, as in the rest of ECA, the epidemic is rather significantly under-measured, but it is clear to all that HIV incidence is increasing, following epidemics of intravenous drug use (IDU) and sexually transmitted illnesses (STI) throughout these countries.

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Regional Strategic Plan on HIV/TB. WHO (2003)

Regional Strategic Plan on HIV/TB. WHO (2003) The HIV epidemic has posed major challenges to tuberculosis (TB) control efforts globally. Increasing TB case rates over the past decade in many countries in sub- Saharan Africa are largely attributable to the HIV epidemic. The extent of the HIV/TB epidemic in South-East Asia will depend on the future course of the HIV epidemic, as well as on efforts to control TB. Preventing HIV-associated TB means going beyond the full implementation of DOTS. It includes preventing HIV infec- tion, preventing progression of latent TB infection to active disease and the provision of HIV/AIDS care and antiretroviral treatment (ART).

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TB and HIV/AIDS in the South-East Asia Region. WHO (2003)

TB and HIV/AIDS in the South-East Asia Region. WHO (2003) Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS are both major public health problems in the South-East Asia Region of WHO. Of the 20 million people suffering from active TB globally, 8 million are in this Region. Each year, three million new cases of TB are added and nearly three-quarters of a million die of the disease. At the same time, the Region is home to nearly 6 million people living with HIV/AIDS or nearly 18% of PHA, the largest proportion following sub-Saharan Africa, making it the second highest Region affected by HIV in the world.

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Tuberculosis Control in High HIV Prevalent Areas: A Strategic Framework. FHI and USAID (2001)

Tuberculosis Control in High HIV Prevalent Areas: A Strategic Framework. FHI and USAID (2001) Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be one of the most important global public health threats. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the incidence of TB increased by 5 percent between 1997 and 1999, from 8 million to 8.4 million new cases. African countries severely affected by the HIV epidemic experienced a 20 percent increase in the incidence of TB; this rise is largely responsible for the TB increase globally.

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