Implementing the End TB Strategy: The Essentials. WHO. (2015)


The Essentials provides in-depth explanations of the vision, goal, targets and milestones of the End TB Strategy as well as the key indicators to measure progress. It then outlines the essential features of operationalizing the principles, pillars and components of the End TB Strategy. Country experiences are included throughout as examples in applying elements of the strategy.

The Essentials is organized in three parts: Part I presents the overall approach, principles and the first steps of implementation expected at the country level. Part II explains the vision, goal, indicators, targets and milestones of the Strategy and Part III outlines the policies, the actors and actions needed to help implement the new approaches laid out under the three pillars of the Strategy: (i) Integrated, patient-centred care and prevention; (ii) Bold policies and supportive systems; and (iii) Intensified research and innovation.


Keywords: tuberculosis, prevention and control, early diagnosis, TB research

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Recommendations on the Management of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Tuberculosis Coinfection. Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health. (2015)


In Hong Kong, extrapulmonary TB and, at CD4 count <200/μL,pulmonary TB and TB of cervical lymph node are AIDS-defining conditions. From 1996 to 2012, 358 (26.5%) of reported AIDS were defined primarily by TB. In 2005 and 2007, it briefly overtook Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia as the most common AIDS-defining condition. It is estimated that 1% of all TB disease in Hong Kong is associated with HIV. The corresponding figure in the US is 8%.

Keywords: Hong Kong, HIV, TB, ART, CD4, treatment, diagnosis


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Racing to the End TB Finish Line: Tuberculosis Financing in 2014. Stop TB Partnership. (2015)


World leaders are meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia for the UN Financing for Development Conference to discuss financing for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a new set of global development targets. The draft SDG goals include a target to end the epidemic of tuberculosis by 2030, in line with the
WHO End TB Strategy and the Global Plan to Stop TB 2016-2020.
In order to achieve these targets, increased investments for tuberculosis (TB) will be essential to set the world on course to end TB in our lifetime. However, many countries are failing to step up with the needed investments.



Keywords: HIV, TB, domestic, financing, investment



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The Paradigm Shift 2016-2020: Global Plan to End TB. Stop TB Partnership, UNOPS and End TB. (2015)


The Global Plan 2016-2020 sets out the actions and resources needed over the next five years to set the world on a course to end the global TB epidemic by 2030, as endorsed by world leaders in the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals.

This Plan makes it clear that what is needed to end TB is a paradigm shift - a change in the way we fight TB at every level, in every community, in every health facility, in every country.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, TB, 90-90-90, community, drug-resistant

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Out of Step 2015 TB Policies in 24 Countries - A Survey of Diagnostic and Treatment Practices. Médecins Sans Frontières and Stop TB Partnership. (2015)


The survey was primarily designed to assess the status of national policies in relation to the latest WHO recommendations in five key areas: diagnosis, models of care, treatment of drug-sensitive (DS) TB, treatment of drug-resistant (DR) TB, and the regulatory environment for TB drugs. Where possible, we attempted to assess the extent to which diagnostic policies have been successfully implemented, although this could only be done on a qualitative basis. This survey is a follow-up of the study conducted by MSF in 2014. This updated survey has a broader scope to survey more policy areas and expands the number of surveyed countries from 8 to 24.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, treatment, diagnosis, data, drugs, drug-resistant

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Global Tuberculosis Report 2015. WHO. (2015)


This is the twentieth global report on tuberculosis (TB) published by WHO in a series that started in 1997. It provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic and progress in implementing and financing TB prevention, care, control and research at global, regional and country levels using data reported by over 200 countries that account for more than 99% of the world's TB cases. In this 2015 edition, particular attention is given to assessment of whether 2015 global TB targets set in the context of the Millennium Development Goals were achieved worldwide and at regional and country levels. 

Keywords: TB, HIV, PLHIV, deaths, treatment, drug-resistant

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Stop TB Partnership - Annual Report 2014. Stop TB Partnership and UNOPS. (2015)


Tuberculosis (TB) is a significant global public health threat. Despite being preventable and curable, the disease is widespread. In 2013, 9 million people fell ill with TB and 1.5 million people died from the disease – including 360,000 people coinfected with HIV. An estimated 550,000 children became ill with TB. The burden of this disease is disproportionately borne by relatively few countries, primarily in the developing world, with the majority of the global TB burden, spread across 22 highburden countries.

Keywords: TB, HIV, drug resistant, healthcare, vaccines, investment

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The Missing 3 Million Reach, Treat, Cure Everyone. Stop TB Partnership. (2015)


Who Are the Missed 3 Million: 9 million became ill and 1.5 million died from tuberculosis (TB) in 2013. More than 3 million people with TB were missed and undiagnosed. These include women and children, the poor and malnourished, refugees, migrants, miners, ethnic minorities, homeless and substance users.


Keywords: TB cases, drug resistant, treatment, children, deaths



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Digital Health for the End TB Strategy - An Agenda for Action. WHO. (2015)


Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious global public health threat, causing 1.5 million deaths in 2013 and 9 million people falling ill that year. New information and communication technology present significant opportunities to combat this disease on various fronts. The Agenda highlights strategic directions to integrate digital health into TB prevention and care activities in support of WHO’s End TB Strategy.

Digital health for the End TB Strategy - an agenda for action:
- Advocates that TB programmes, other national authorities and all stakeholders integrate digital health solutions in their implementation of the End TB Strategy. Information and communication technology can help advance patient care, surveillance, programme management, staff development (e.g. eLearning), and the engagement of communities.
- Guides programmes on promising options for first focus of efforts, building on the limited available evidence about the effectiveness of digital health interventions for ending TB.
- Promotes continued monitoring and investment in implementation research on digital health interventions to increase the evidence base on effectiveness and impact. 

Keywords: HIV, TB, health care, diagnostic, eLearning, surveillance and monitoring

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United to End TB Every Word Counts. Stop TB Partnership, End TB and UNOPS. (2015)


The authors describe how judgmental terms such as ‘TB suspect’ can powerfully influence attitudes and behaviour at every level – from inhibiting people to seek treatment to shaping the way policy-makers view the challenge of addressing the disease. The article also observes that the powerfully negative connotation of words such as ‘defaulter’ and ‘suspect’ place blame for the disease and responsibility for adverse treatment outcomes on one side — that of people with TB.

Keywords: TB, terminology, stigma, discrimination

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