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In Asia Pacific, an estimated 230,000 children under 15 years of age were living with HIV in 2012, with approximately 25 percent of them receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). The paediatric HIV epidemic is entering the next phase of its evolution in the region, as children infected from birth enter adolescence and face new challenges. These adolescents living with HIV are now dealing with the complex social, economic, mental and developmental consequences of life-long HIV and ART. Having been infected before development of their immune systems and experienced in many cases sub-optimal ART options and formulations, they are facing the transition from complete dependence on their guardians to becoming their own caregivers.
UNAIDS in the Pacific coordinated a process in mid April 2013 toreview laws and policies in seven Pacific nations (Fiji, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu and Vanuatu) which impact on access to HIV services for PLHIV and key populations. This initiative was supported by the UNDP Pacific Centre, the Regional Rights Resource Team (RRRT) of the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), UNAIDS Asia Pacific Regional Support Team and ILO Pacific.
This report provides an overview of the ATS situation in the region. It outlines several key issues and emerging threats throughout the region and their implications for the neighbouring regions. While the data presented point towards the increased efforts by the countries in the region to tackle the ATS problem, it also highlights the need for continued and joint efforts, both at the national as well as regional levels. It is hoped that this report and the forthcoming national and regional updates, will help in the better understanding of the ATS problem and in designing effective strategies to combat it.
It is estimated that there are nearly 10 million transgender people in this region, many of who often endure stigma and prejudice every day of their lives. Governments and communities alike must take steps to fully recognize, and begin to protect, the individual rights of all of citizens - including transgender people - if the region is to reach the goals in the UNAIDS strategic vision for the year 2015 of "Zero new HIV infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS-related deaths."
Presentation from Expert Meeting on the Implementation of the Outcome of the Asia-Pacific High-level Intergovernmental Meeting on the Assessment of Progress against Commitments in the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals
11 December 2013, Bangkok, Pullman Bangkok King Power
Protecting the rights of key HIV-affected women and girls in health care settings: A legal scan, jointly produced by UNDP, SAARCLAW and WAP+, examines existing constitutional provisions and legal means in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Nepal to provide protection and redress for violations of rights at health care facilities. While strong evidence from these countries demonstrates that some health care institutions are sites of discrimination, violence and abuse towards HIV-affected women and girls who seek service, the findings show that although the constitutions in all four countries guarantee equality under the law and prohibit discrimination based on sex, there are almost no laws or legal mechanisms that women can use if their rights are violated at health care settings.
The objectives of this assessment report are (1) to examine the current state of evidence on transgender health in Asia and the Pacific, (2) to understand the current needs and concerns of transgender communities in Asia and the Pacific and, informed by objectives 1 and 2, (3) to make technical recommendations to WHO and Member States regarding transgender health.
The Roundtable was designed to build an informed and engaged group of legal professionals and advocates committed to leading the legal response to HIV. In pursuance of this aim, the Roundtable created a forum for the examination and evaluation of legal and policy barriers to the HIV response in South Asia.
Roundtable delegates identified the following key legal and policy barriers to the HIV response:
1. the criminalization of behaviors of key populations at higher risk of HIV (key populations);
2. punitive law enforcement policy and practices;
3. a broad lack of sensitivity, knowledge and awareness of HIV by law and justice sector stakeholders;
4. the gap between black letter law and practice; and
5. a lack of coordination and collaboration within the law and justice sector (in the HIV response).
The report is based on a series of national dialogues between NHRIs and LGBTI communities to boost cooperation and understanding. Equally important, this initiative supported NHRIs to document their efforts and achievements in advocating for the rights of people of diverse sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI).
The International Law and Development Organization (IDLO) enables governments and empowers people to reform laws and strengthen institutions to promote peace, justice, sustainable development and economic opportunity. IDLO works along the spectrum from nation and peace building to economic recovery in countries emerging from conflict or striving towards democracy. www.idlo.int
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in 177 countries and territories, UNDP offers global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations. http://asia-pacific.undp.org
The APF is a member-based organisation made up of national human rights institutions in the region. Established in 1996, it currently comprises 19 members from countries throughout the Asia Pacific. It seeks to protect and promote the human rights of the people of the Asia Pacific by providing training and advice and promoting mutual support, cooperation and joint activity among member institutions. In addition, it provides support to governments in the region seeking to establish and strengthen national human rights institutions. http://www.asiapacificforum.net
A total area of over 62,000 hectare of opium poppy cultivation took place in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Myanmar and Thailand in 2013. In order to assess the scope of opium poppy cultivation and opium production in the region, UNODC has been conducting opium surveys in cooperation with the Government of Lao PDR since 1992 and the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (GOUM) since 2002, while Thailand established its own monitoring system. This report contains the results of the 2013 UNODC-supported opium poppy cultivation surveys in Lao PDR and Myanmar. In addition, the results from the opium poppy surveys implemented by the Government of Thailand are presented in this regional overview.