- Country profiles
- Data dashboard
- Satellite Pages
- About us
- WHAT'S NEW
In 2012, the Global Commission on HIV and the Law called on countries to outlaw discrimination, repeal punitive laws and enact protective laws to promote public health and human rights for effective HIV responses. Today more than 89 countries have taken action to repeal or reform laws: some have repealed laws criminalizing HIV, same-sex relations, and drug possession, and others have enacted laws advancing reproductive rights, sex education, and the human rights of people living with or at risk from HIV.
This Supplement highlights developments since 2012 in science, technology, law, geopolitics, and funding that affect people living with or at risk from HIV and its coinfections. The recommendations add to and amplify those of the Commission’s 2012 report Risks, Rights & Health, which remain as relevant as they were six years ago.
This report, Legal Gender Recognition in China: A Legal and Policy Review, provides an important resource for the inclusion of transgender people in Chinese laws and policies. The report provides specific recommendations and suggested actions that will promote legal gender recognition and inclusion for transgender people and, if adopted, will facilitate an enabling environment for transgender people to access education, employment, health and other public services. The report also highlights transgender community efforts and initiatives that could serve as new platforms for asserting transgender inclusion and those which could open the doors for more enhanced collaboration among the various sectors.
Keywords: transgender, discrimination, gender, human rights
The rights to self-determination and recognition before the law are fundamental human rights belonging to everyone without distinction including transgender people. However, the human rights of transgender people in this regard continue to be violated and disrespected across the world, in the Asian region and within Thailand itself. This report, Legal Gender Recognition in Thailand: A Legal and Policy Review has captured and explored the small number of laws, regulations and policies in Thailand that include transgender people within their scope and which may be relevant to legal gender recognition.
The Legal Gender Recognition in the Philippines: A Legal and Policy Review is the cumulative result of the desk review of laws, regulations, and policies regarding legal gender recognition in the Philippines. It likewise included research into how these existing laws, regulations, and policies are implemented and how they impact or will impact on transgender people in the Philippines. The project also looked into local transgender community efforts and initiatives that could provide new platforms for asserting transgender rights or those which could open the doors for more enhanced collaboration among the various sectors.
This report distinguishes between “sex/gender marker change” and “name change” processes, laws and policies. Although the authors recognise that trans and gender-diverse people often do seek name change as part of their social transition or self-affirmation process, the distinction is made because the processes are often entirely separate, sometimes involving different pieces of legislation or policies. It is in the interests of precision that this distinction is in place throughout the report.
Keywords: transgender, human rights, violence, discrimination, laws
The aim of Advancing HIV Justice 2 is to provide a progress report of achievements and challenges in global advocacy against HIV criminalisation. We hope it will be useful for individuals and organisations working to end or mitigate the harm of HIV criminalisation around the world, as well as for others with an interest in HIV and human rights issues.
Keywords: HIV/AIDS, criminalisation, justice, laws, advocacy
This policy has been developed in recognition of the high rates of human rights abuses experienced globally by individuals who engage in sex work; a term that Amnesty International uses only in regard to consensual exchanges between adults. It identifies the most prominent barriers to the realization of sex workers’ human rights and underlines states’ obligations to address them.
The survey reflects the life experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex (LGBTI) people, and people with other non-conforming sexual orientation, gender identities and expressions, in regards to the legal environment, education, employment, family, access to health service, mental health, media, social services, faith and other areas, especially in terms of discrimination and unfair treatment suffered by sexual and gender minorities as well as social attitudes towards them.
This survey aims to provide baseline information for government bodies, international institutions, education sector, corporate and non-profit organizations, etc., and promote the adoption of anti-discrimination and protective laws and policies for China’s sexual and gender minorities.
This toolkit aims to empower people affected by HIV in Cambodia with the information, attitudes and skills they need to demand that their rights are respected when they seek health care services and to seek justice if their rights are violated.
Keywords: HIV, legal environment, stigma, discrimination
In Nepal, the National Association of People Living with HIV/AIDS (NAP+N) consulted with key population networks and decided to focus specifically on people who use drugs and are living with HIV. This report is a result of community-led research carried out by NAP+N and the Drug Users Network in Nepal (DUNA). Together, they gathered testimonies of human rights violations against people from these populations. In total, 34 people were interviewed for this study.