Minimum Standards for Prevention and Response to Gender-based Violence in Emergencies. UNFPA. (2015)


Gender based violence is a life-threatening, global health and human rights issue that violates international human rights law and principles of gender equality. In emergencies, such as conflict or natural disasters, the risk of violence, exploitation and abuse is heightened, particularly for women and girls. UNFPA’s “Minimum Standards for Prevention and Response to GBV in Emergencies (GBViE)” promote the safety and well being of women and girls in emergencies and provide practical guidance on how to mitigate and prevent gender-based violence in emergencies and facilitate access to multi-sector services for survivors. 

Keywords: gender-based violence, discrimination, inequality, abuse

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National Survey on Women’s Health and Life Experiences 2014 – A Study on Violence against Women. National Commission for the Advancement of Women, Laos Statistics Bureau, UNFPA, UN Women and WHO. (2015)


There is growing recognition globally and also in Lao PDR that VAW is a serious public health problem and a violation of women’s human rights. Yet in Lao PDR, VAW is culturally tolerated. According to the Lao Social Indicator Survey (LSIS) 2011-2012, 58% of women and 49% of men reported that VAW was justified if women did not adhere to traditional gender norms, roles and relations. However, this finding only sheds a small amount of light onto the true scale of the problem. Although small-scale studies have been undertaken on VAW, no comprehensive and extensive nationwide study has followed. Against this background, the National Study on Women’s Health and Life Experiences 2014 was conducted to collect much needed evidence to develop an effective policy-making response to the issue.


Keywords: physical, sexual, violence, gender, children, legal

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Preventing HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships: Evidence, Strategies and Approaches for Addressing Concentrated HIV Epidemics in Asia. UNDP. (2015)


Preventing HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships: Evidence, strategies and approaches for addressing concentrated HIV epidemics in Asia provides evidence-based guidance to policymakers in Asia so that national HIV responses give appropriate priority to prevention efforts among key populations and their intimate partners, as well as those in serodiscordant relationships. Scaling up efforts to prevent intimate partner transmission of HIV will help countries to meet targets to halve sexual transmission of HIV, eliminate mother-to-child transmission, reduce AIDS-related maternal deaths, and address gender inequalities. 

This report by UNDP, UNICEF and UNAIDS responds to data which shows that new infections in the long-running HIV epidemics in Asia, such as in Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand, are on the increase among intimate partners of high risk populations.  Reviewing the interplay of factors that affect sexual behaviours and decision making among key populations and people living with HIV, the report recommends strategies that need to be adopted by countries for a more comprehensive response to intimate partner transmission.

The report argues that efforts to address intimate partner transmission of HIV should concentrate on the interplay of factors that affect sexual behaviour and decision-making among key populations and people living with HIV who know their status, including how they negotiate safer sex and make contraceptive choices with their intimate partners.

Keywords: HIV, prevention, human rights, PMTCT, PLHIV, gender equality, violence

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- Evidence on high intimate partner transmission


- Common determinants of risk and vulnerability (i) men from key populations; (ii) women from key populations; and (iii) in serodiscordant couple relationships


- Five high impact strategies for preventing HIV in intimate partner relationships


- Components of a combination prevention approach for preventing HIV in intimate partner relationships


- Recommendations


Report of the Regional Dialogue on LGBTI Human Rights and Health in Asia-Pacific. UNDP. (2015)


The report documents the presentations and discussions made during the Regional Dialogue on LGBTI Human Rights and Health in Asia-Pacific held from 25–27 February 2015 at the United Nations Conference Centre in Bangkok, Thailand. The Regional Dialogue, which brought together more than 200 representatives from over 30 countries, was an important step in building consensus and strengthening the movement for legal and social change to advance the human rights of LGBTI people in Asia and the Pacific. It aimed to identify opportunities, build trust, and promote innovation and action. It also actively encouraged private sector involvement in LGBTI rights and provided a forum for LGBTI community organizations and development partners to forge strategic linkages in order to take their agendas forward. 


Keywords: HIV, advocacy, gender recognition, education, human rights, health, stigma and discrimination

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The Good Men Campaign Transforms Gender Norms and Perceptions of Violence against Women in Cambodia. UNFPA Cambodia. (2015)


Violence against women has negative health impacts on victims, especially the reproductive health of women and girls. While violecne is considered immoral and unacceptable in Cambodian culture, gender norms remain heavily rooted in society. 

Keywords: gender, women, domestic violence, reproductive health



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UNITE: 5 Years in Asia and the Pacific. UNITE. (2015)


Violence against women and girls (VAWG) occurs in the family, the community, society and across borders. It takes many forms, from domestic violence, trafficking and rape – in urban and rural areas, in refugee camps and as a tactic of war – to harmful practices such as child and forced marriage, “honour” killings, dowryrelated violence and prenatal sex selection.

In addition to the severe and multiple physical, sexual and psychological impacts on women and girls themselves, VAWG also harms families and communities across generations and carries significant economic costs. Violence can also limit women’s ability to protect themselves from HIV, while women living with HIV/AIDS are often the target of abuse, stigma and discrimination. An expression of unequal gender power relations and men’s domination and control over women, VAWG is both a manifestation of gender discrimination and inequality and a tool with which such discrimination is perpetuated.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, laws, data collection, awareness, stigma and discrimination

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Belau Family Health and Safety Study - National Research Project on Violence Against Women in Palau. Leon C and Imetengel U A. (2014)


The Belau Family Health and Safety Study (FHSS) aimed at obtaining reliable data on the prevalence and types of violence against women (VAW) in Palau. The study also sought to document the associations between partner violence and health issues and other outcomes, as well as to identify risk and protective factors for partner violence. The Ministry of Health carried out the study with financial support from the Australian Government’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), and financial and technical support from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).


Keywords: physical and sexual violence, partners, children, sexual abuse

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A Brief on School Bullying on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity. Mahidol University, Plan International Thailand, UNESCO, et al. (2014)


Thailand is often perceived by both foreigners and some of its own population as very accepting of sexual and gender diversity. A Thai government agency makes use of this perception in a campaign aimed at increasing the number of foreign LGBT tourists in Thailand, gothai.befree. Yet some researchers have suggested that Thai society is “tolerant but unaccepting” toward same-sex attracted individuals and concluded that the perception of Thailand as a “gay heaven” is a myth There has been research on school bullying in Thailand14, but only anecdotal evidence on bullying specifically targetting students who are, or are perceived to be, LGBT, or mechanisms to counter it in Thai schools


This study aimed to fill this gap in evidence, and to identify policy and programme implications. It is the first systematic study on the issue in Thailand.

Keywords: lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender people, violence, bullying, abuse, harassment

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Access to Justice for Women in Plural Legal Systems in South East Asia. UN Women. (2014)


This publication is intended to share an analytical framework for investigating plural legal systems from the gender perspective. It focuses on the broad spectrum of the legal orders, including those that are informal, not formally recognized, or not State sanctioned covering customary, indigenous, traditional and religious orders. UN Women hopes that this publication will be useful for states and non-governmental organizations working at the forefront of cases, making positive impacts on women’s lives with useful working tools; and provide guidance for the regional research and to identify contentious issues within the region.

Keywords: gender equality, women, girls, laws, human rights, violence, discrimination

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Agenda in Transition: Advancing Actions to Secure the Health and Rights of Transgender People in Asia and the Pacific. APTN. (2014)


Transgender people in Asia and the Pacific face many challenges in claiming their rights in general, and specifically their right to health care. Through capacity building the transgender community can be empowered to promote transgender-positive attitudes and advocate for competent, comprehensive and accessible health services.


In order to identify priority actions for the health and rights of transgender people in Asia and the Pacific, the Agenda in Transition regional community consultation was held in Bangkok, Thailand, on 19-20 February 2014. This event brought together diverse members of the transgender community; UN agencies, civil society organizations, donors and other partners to review the current situation for the region’s transgender people and determine those needs, which require accelerated action.


Keywords: HIV, stigma, discrimination, human rights, legal, gender, health, community

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