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The Nauru Family Health and Support Study aimed at obtaining reliable information on violence against women (VAW), its characteristics, and consequences. Although the study initially sought to collect a nationally representative sample of women aged 15-64, due to a low response rate, its findings are derived from a reduced sample of eligible women in a small group of districts. The findings of this exploratory study, however, provide a preliminary understanding around VAW in the country and serve as a limited evidence base to create awareness campaigns and education programs around gender roles and VAW. This exploratory study also provides important learning for future quantitative studies on VAW in Nauru.
In all regions of the world, children who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) — or otherwise perceived to have different sexualities or gender identities than the norm — often suffer discrimination, intimidation, harassment and violence. Similar patterns of human rights abuses can be found against children whose parents are perceived to be LGBT. Too often, when real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity does not conform to social norms, vulnerabilities increase. These include being exposed to discrimination at school, in hospitals, in sporting teams and in many other settings; to abandonment and rejection by family, community or society; to forced marriage; to hate motivated violence, including murder; and to increased health risks owing to lack of access to appropriate life-skills education and health services.
Violence against women (VAW) is a global problem that crosses cultural, geographic, religious, social, and economic boundaries and is a violation of human rights.1 Violence against women deprives women of their right to take part fully in social and economic life. It causes a myriad of physical and mental health issues and in some cases results in loss of life. A lack of understanding of the magnitude of VAW, its causes and consequences, and the trends and patterns across cultures and countries, including those in the Pacific, hinders the development of efforts to address it.
VAW is a widely known but rarely discussed issue. In the RMI, as in many countries, it is seen as a family problem. There is a need to combine quantitative and qualitative data on the subject not only to inform policy but also to recognize the human rights of women and their families and give voice to those who are largely unheard.
Sexual harassment and other forms of sexual violence in public spheres are an everyday occurrence for women and girls around the world – in urban and rural areas, in developed and developing countries. In Nepal, the issue of safety of women in public places has not been examined or addressed as a serious issue. In other parts of the world, women's safety has been addressed as an issues of women’s rights and empowerment. The women's safety audit (WSA) has been one important tool to understand the nature and causes of lack of safety in public places. Building on the learning from around the world, DidiBahini, in partnership with UN Women has carried out the WSA in six districts in Nepal to assess the state of women’s safety in public places in the villages. The range and depth of information and data gathered from the WSA provides empirical evidence on women’s safety issues in rural areas of Nepal. Many members of the community defined safety as freedom from various forms of violence.
Keywords: Nepal, women, girls, violence, health, education, gender, community
Gender-related violence in schools is a violation of human rights that also raises additional barriers to learning and can adversely affect the health of young people. In extreme cases it can even drive young people to suicide. Studies also show that violence begets violence, perpetuating a vicious cycle that can last generations.
Keywords: girls, transgender students, schools, bullying, abuse
The purpose of this review is to examine existing approaches in policy, programming and implementation responses to school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV) in the Asia-Pacific region. It seeks to advance our knowledge and learning in this field, both in terms of what we know about the phenomenon and its impact on individuals, as well as how best to address it, including through education.
Keywords: gender, violence, discrimination, bullying, abuse, school
The study maps existing evidence on gender biased sex selection in the Indian context, weaving in significant social debates and policy developments that have influenced perceptions, and pathways to action. It offers practical suggestions to advance the path of critical inquiry by focusing on different domains such as family and household, education, labour and employment, and on institutions that directly or indirectly aid or combat the practice of sex selection.
Keywords: women, girls, feminist, violence, law
This paper addresses the sexual and reproductive health (SRH)—including HIV prevention, care and treatment — and other health service needs of adolescents aged 10 – 17 engaged in selling sex in the Asia Pacific region. While the United Nations defines adolescents as 10 – 19, we purposefully focus on ages 10 – 17 due to the unique legal and policy implications faced by this age group as compared to older cohorts. In regards to terminology, the term “engaged in selling sex” is used for its inclusive and non-stigmatising connotations as well as the benefit of a behavioural description to tailoring programmatic interventions.
Keywords: HIV, adolescent, children, treatment, prevention, care, support
The survey attempted to take advantage of Nepal’s attempt to include a third gender category in its national census, the first such attempt in the world. Nearly 1,200 respondents were recruited by trained BDS outreach workers whose aim was to study the identity, demographics, and experiences of sexual and gender minorities in Nepal. The study participants came from 32 of Nepal’s 75 districts, spoke Nepali, Bhojpuri, and Maithill, were primarily Hindu, and included individuals from 150 caste and ethnic groups.
The survey that reveals LGBT people in Nepal continue to face a wide range of obstacles as individuals and as a community. These challenges include widespread bullying in schools, lack of protection from discrimination by employers, paucity of programming to address the reproductive health needs of lesbians, and the lack of sensitive HIV healthcare for transgender women and gay men who are at exponentially higher risk of HIV infection than the general population.
Keywords: HIV knowledge, harassment, testing, treatment, behaviour, discrimination
The AIDS response is producing exciting results and we can already foresee a time when the AIDS epidemic could end. Yet, the promises of science, politics and economic development will not be realized if we do not unite with women against violence as an integral part of the HIV response.