What is Their Hate About? Harmful Gender Norms and Violence against Male, Female and Transgender Sex Workers in Asia. Szabo G and Cabassi J. (2016)


Sex workers experience extreme violence – at work, in prison and police stations, in their neighbourhoods and in their homes, from family members, police, clients, intimate partners and strangers. This violence is gender-based. Male, female and transgender sex workers are targeted because they challenge traditional gender norms and are denied fundamental human rights – to equal protection under the law, protection from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, and to the highest attainable standard of health. 

Keywords: HIV, SWs, gender, sexual violence, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka


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Why Money Matters in Efforts to End Violence against Women and Girls. Vias S. (2016)


The brochure provides analysis of why money matters in ending violence against women and girls, describes the current funding shortfall and challenges in funding landscape, provides information on what it costs to effectively support efforts to end violence against women and girls using regionally-balanced data, and aims to demonstrate the value of investing in efforts to end violence against women and girls by providing examples of impact from the work of UN Women, grantees of the UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women, and other civil society organizations.


This briefing also aims to reach out to organizations, United Nations Member States and interested individuals with a strong message that increasing their funding of initiatives can make a critical difference. By contributing to efforts to end violence against women, they can also help remove a major barrier to individual, community and national development.


Keywords: HIV, human rights, violence, health care, justice


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A Framework to Underpin Action to Prevent Violence against Women. UN Women, ILO, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNOCHR and WHO. (2015)


Violence against women is a one of the most pervasive human rights violations in the world, rooted in gender inequality, discrimination and harmful cultural and social norms. It is also increasingly recognized as a public health issue that adversely affects the health of women. It is estimated that approximately 35 per cent of women worldwide have experienced intimate partner physical and/or sexual violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime (WHO, 2013). The prevalence and serious impacts of this violence make it one of the most significant issues to be addressed in our time. 

Keywords: women, girls, violence, prevention, sexual reproductive health

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Asia-Pacific Consultation on School Bullying Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity/Expression - Meeting Report. UNESCO, Being LGBT in Asia and UNDP. (2015)


Schools and governments throughout Asia-Pacific are moving beyond the idea that dealing with issues around sexual orientation and gender identity/expression (SOGI/E) is “too sensitive” or “too new”. A recent regional consultation on the basis of SOGI/E reflected the sentiment of one Ministry of Education official from the region who told UNESCO: “It will always be sensitive or new if we never do anything about it.”

Ministries and concerned stakeholders throughout the region are taking action and their successes as well as the challenges that lie ahead were discussed at the Asia-Pacific Consultation on School Bullying on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity/Expression held from 15-17 June 2015 in Bangkok.

A detailed, illustrated 49-page report on the results of the consultation with summaries of all sessions, key recommendations and suggested next steps by countries.


Keywords: bullying, school, LGBTI, stigma and discrimination, education, human rights, homophobic, violence 

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Championing Gender Equality in the HIV Response: The Experiences of Five Programme Countries. UN Women. (2015)


This advocacy kit provides key results and lessons learned in Cambodia, Jamaica, Kenya, Papua New Guinea and Rwanda under the European Commission – UN Women programme, "Supporting Gender Equality in the Context of HIV and AIDS (2009-2013)", which demonstrates the important progress and transformational changes that can derive from investments targeted towards implementation of commitments to gender equality. These include policies, programmes and budgets, as well as empowering the leadership and participation of women and girls, especially those living with HIV.
The advocacy kit provides a global overview of the programme and includes country profiles featuring the specific strategies, results and lessons learned in each of the five countries that were part of the programme.

Keywords: HIV and AIDS, health, gender-based violence, women 


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Eliminating Violence against Women in the Asia Pacific: It’s All of Our Responsibility. UN Women. (2015)


Violence against women has been described as a global issue of ‘epidemic proportions’, and is perhaps the most widespread and socially tolerated form of human rights violations. Women are affected by different forms of violence at different stages of their lives. These include (but are not limited to) violence by intimate partners and family members, sexual violence, trafficking, femicide (including dowry killings), female genital mutilation, and child or forced marriage.

Keywords: HIV, abuse, gender equality, sexual violence

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Ending Violence against Women: From the Beijing Platform for Action to the Sustainable Development Goals. UN Women. (2015)


The document provides a summary of the trends in national implementation of the Platform for Action, specifically in relation to one of the identified critical areas of concern, violence against women, as well as an overview of the role of UN Women in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular, the development of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and SDG 5, “Achieve Gender Equality and Empower all Women and Girls.” 


Keywords: violence, women, girls, SDGs, human rights

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Essential Services Package for Women and Girls Subject to Violence. UN Women, UNFPA, WHO, UNDP and UNODC. (2015)


The United Nations Joint Global Programme on Essential Services for Women and Girls Subject to Violence, a partnership by UN Women, UNFPA, WHO, UNDP and UNODC, aims to provide greater access to a coordinated set of essential and quality multi-sectoral services for all women and girls who have experienced gender based violence.

The Programme identifies the essential services to be provided by the health, social services, police and justice sectors as well as guidelines for the coordination of Essential Services and the governance of coordination processes and mechanisms. Service delivery guidelines for the core elements of each essential service have been identified to ensure the delivery of high quality services, particularly for low and middle income countries for women and girls experiencing violence. Taken together, these elements comprise the “Essential Services Package”.

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From Insult to Inclusion: Asia-Pacific Report on School Bullying, Violence and Discrimination on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity. Humphries-Waa K, Sass J, Ebata K, and Myeong D-H. (2015)


"From Insult to Inclusion: Asia-Pacific report on school bullying, violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity” is the first comprehensive regional review to focus specifically on the issue of bullying based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression (SOGIE). The report details the extent of the problem in Asia-Pacific, the devastating impact of this type of abuse, and the measures governments are taking and could take to address it.

Keywords: UNESCO, LGBTI, children, young people, schools, violence, bullying

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Gender Statistics Manual - Integrating a Gender Perspective into Statistics. Unites Nations. (2015)


Gender statistics are defined as statistics that adequately reflect differences and inequalities in the situation of women and men in all areas of life (United Nations, 2006). This definition closely follows the Beijing Platform for Action, which was adopted at the Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing in 1995, and in paragraph 206 (a) of which it was recommended that national, regional and international statistical services should ensure that statistics related to individuals are collected, compiled, analysed and presented by sex and age and reflect problems, issues and questions related to women and men in society (United Nations, 1996). There are several requirements imbedded in the definition of gender statistics (Hedman, Perucci and Sundström, 1996; United Nations, 2001a, 2001b, 2002, 2006, 2007; Corner, 2003). First, gender statistics have to reflect gender issues, that is, questions, problems and concerns related to all aspects of women’s and men’s lives, including their specific needs, opportunities and contributions to society.

Keywords: HIV and AIDS, prevalence, knowledge, people living with HIV (PLHIV), prevention, young women


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