Asia-Pacific Consultation on School Bullying Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity/Expression - Meeting Report. UNESCO, Being LGBT in Asia and UNDP. (2015)


Schools and governments throughout Asia-Pacific are moving beyond the idea that dealing with issues around sexual orientation and gender identity/expression (SOGI/E) is “too sensitive” or “too new”. A recent regional consultation on the basis of SOGI/E reflected the sentiment of one Ministry of Education official from the region who told UNESCO: “It will always be sensitive or new if we never do anything about it.”

Ministries and concerned stakeholders throughout the region are taking action and their successes as well as the challenges that lie ahead were discussed at the Asia-Pacific Consultation on School Bullying on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity/Expression held from 15-17 June 2015 in Bangkok.

A detailed, illustrated 49-page report on the results of the consultation with summaries of all sessions, key recommendations and suggested next steps by countries.


Keywords: bullying, school, LGBTI, stigma and discrimination, education, human rights, homophobic, violence 

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Championing Gender Equality in the HIV Response: The Experiences of Five Programme Countries. UN Women. (2015)


This advocacy kit provides key results and lessons learned in Cambodia, Jamaica, Kenya, Papua New Guinea and Rwanda under the European Commission – UN Women programme, "Supporting Gender Equality in the Context of HIV and AIDS (2009-2013)", which demonstrates the important progress and transformational changes that can derive from investments targeted towards implementation of commitments to gender equality. These include policies, programmes and budgets, as well as empowering the leadership and participation of women and girls, especially those living with HIV.
The advocacy kit provides a global overview of the programme and includes country profiles featuring the specific strategies, results and lessons learned in each of the five countries that were part of the programme.

Keywords: HIV and AIDS, health, gender-based violence, women 


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Eliminating Violence against Women in the Asia Pacific: It’s All of Our Responsibility. UN Women. (2015)


Violence against women has been described as a global issue of ‘epidemic proportions’, and is perhaps the most widespread and socially tolerated form of human rights violations. Women are affected by different forms of violence at different stages of their lives. These include (but are not limited to) violence by intimate partners and family members, sexual violence, trafficking, femicide (including dowry killings), female genital mutilation, and child or forced marriage.

Keywords: HIV, abuse, gender equality, sexual violence

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Ending Violence against Women: From the Beijing Platform for Action to the Sustainable Development Goals. UN Women. (2015)


The document provides a summary of the trends in national implementation of the Platform for Action, specifically in relation to one of the identified critical areas of concern, violence against women, as well as an overview of the role of UN Women in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular, the development of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and SDG 5, “Achieve Gender Equality and Empower all Women and Girls.” 


Keywords: violence, women, girls, SDGs, human rights

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Essential Services Package for Women and Girls Subject to Violence. UN Women, UNFPA, WHO, UNDP and UNODC. (2015)


The United Nations Joint Global Programme on Essential Services for Women and Girls Subject to Violence, a partnership by UN Women, UNFPA, WHO, UNDP and UNODC, aims to provide greater access to a coordinated set of essential and quality multi-sectoral services for all women and girls who have experienced gender based violence.

The Programme identifies the essential services to be provided by the health, social services, police and justice sectors as well as guidelines for the coordination of Essential Services and the governance of coordination processes and mechanisms. Service delivery guidelines for the core elements of each essential service have been identified to ensure the delivery of high quality services, particularly for low and middle income countries for women and girls experiencing violence. Taken together, these elements comprise the “Essential Services Package”.

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From Insult to Inclusion: Asia-Pacific Report on School Bullying, Violence and Discrimination on the Basis of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity. Humphries-Waa K, Sass J, Ebata K, and Myeong D-H. (2015)


"From Insult to Inclusion: Asia-Pacific report on school bullying, violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity” is the first comprehensive regional review to focus specifically on the issue of bullying based on sexual orientation and gender identity or expression (SOGIE). The report details the extent of the problem in Asia-Pacific, the devastating impact of this type of abuse, and the measures governments are taking and could take to address it.

Keywords: UNESCO, LGBTI, children, young people, schools, violence, bullying

Download full report, executive summary and infographic

Gender Statistics Manual - Integrating a Gender Perspective into Statistics. Unites Nations. (2015)


Gender statistics are defined as statistics that adequately reflect differences and inequalities in the situation of women and men in all areas of life (United Nations, 2006). This definition closely follows the Beijing Platform for Action, which was adopted at the Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing in 1995, and in paragraph 206 (a) of which it was recommended that national, regional and international statistical services should ensure that statistics related to individuals are collected, compiled, analysed and presented by sex and age and reflect problems, issues and questions related to women and men in society (United Nations, 1996). There are several requirements imbedded in the definition of gender statistics (Hedman, Perucci and Sundström, 1996; United Nations, 2001a, 2001b, 2002, 2006, 2007; Corner, 2003). First, gender statistics have to reflect gender issues, that is, questions, problems and concerns related to all aspects of women’s and men’s lives, including their specific needs, opportunities and contributions to society.

Keywords: HIV and AIDS, prevalence, knowledge, people living with HIV (PLHIV), prevention, young women


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Minimum Standards for Prevention and Response to Gender-based Violence in Emergencies. UNFPA. (2015)


Gender based violence is a life-threatening, global health and human rights issue that violates international human rights law and principles of gender equality. In emergencies, such as conflict or natural disasters, the risk of violence, exploitation and abuse is heightened, particularly for women and girls. UNFPA’s “Minimum Standards for Prevention and Response to GBV in Emergencies (GBViE)” promote the safety and well being of women and girls in emergencies and provide practical guidance on how to mitigate and prevent gender-based violence in emergencies and facilitate access to multi-sector services for survivors. 

Keywords: gender-based violence, discrimination, inequality, abuse

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National Survey on Women’s Health and Life Experiences 2014 – A Study on Violence against Women. National Commission for the Advancement of Women, Laos Statistics Bureau, UNFPA, UN Women and WHO. (2015)


There is growing recognition globally and also in Lao PDR that VAW is a serious public health problem and a violation of women’s human rights. Yet in Lao PDR, VAW is culturally tolerated. According to the Lao Social Indicator Survey (LSIS) 2011-2012, 58% of women and 49% of men reported that VAW was justified if women did not adhere to traditional gender norms, roles and relations. However, this finding only sheds a small amount of light onto the true scale of the problem. Although small-scale studies have been undertaken on VAW, no comprehensive and extensive nationwide study has followed. Against this background, the National Study on Women’s Health and Life Experiences 2014 was conducted to collect much needed evidence to develop an effective policy-making response to the issue.


Keywords: physical, sexual, violence, gender, children, legal

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Preventing HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships: Evidence, Strategies and Approaches for Addressing Concentrated HIV Epidemics in Asia. UNDP. (2015)


Preventing HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships: Evidence, strategies and approaches for addressing concentrated HIV epidemics in Asia provides evidence-based guidance to policymakers in Asia so that national HIV responses give appropriate priority to prevention efforts among key populations and their intimate partners, as well as those in serodiscordant relationships. Scaling up efforts to prevent intimate partner transmission of HIV will help countries to meet targets to halve sexual transmission of HIV, eliminate mother-to-child transmission, reduce AIDS-related maternal deaths, and address gender inequalities. 

This report by UNDP, UNICEF and UNAIDS responds to data which shows that new infections in the long-running HIV epidemics in Asia, such as in Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand, are on the increase among intimate partners of high risk populations.  Reviewing the interplay of factors that affect sexual behaviours and decision making among key populations and people living with HIV, the report recommends strategies that need to be adopted by countries for a more comprehensive response to intimate partner transmission.

The report argues that efforts to address intimate partner transmission of HIV should concentrate on the interplay of factors that affect sexual behaviour and decision-making among key populations and people living with HIV who know their status, including how they negotiate safer sex and make contraceptive choices with their intimate partners.

Keywords: HIV, prevention, human rights, PMTCT, PLHIV, gender equality, violence

Download full report click here


Download summary report click here


Download infographics on


- Evidence on high intimate partner transmission


- Common determinants of risk and vulnerability (i) men from key populations; (ii) women from key populations; and (iii) in serodiscordant couple relationships


- Five high impact strategies for preventing HIV in intimate partner relationships


- Components of a combination prevention approach for preventing HIV in intimate partner relationships


- Recommendations



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