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In the context of discussions on health spending targets, this paper analyses not only how much countries spend on health, but how they performance in terms of universal health coverage (UHC) relative to that spending. The paper highlights the limited use of spending targets to inform country policy dialogue and decision making.
Keywords: universal health coverage (UHC), health spending, expenditure targets
This report is the outcome of a comparative analysis of seven national investment cases from the region, and highlights key findings and recommendations for further action. The findings from this report and the Regional Expert Consultation on Developing Evidence-Based National HIV Investment Cases and Sustainability Plans held in December 2015 are expected to contribute to the knowledge base on how ESCAP Member States have developed national investment cases (NICs), and identify examples of best practice. The analysis was based primarily on a desk review of the investment cases of Bangladesh, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal (Investment Plan), the Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam, with additional input from in-country respondents and from the Regional Expert Consultation.
Keywords: HIV, epidemic, spending, investment, cases, advocacy
The global commitment to ending the AIDS epidemic represents an unparalleled opportunity to end one of the most devastating modern-day health challenges. Over the past three decades, historic progress has transformed the AIDS response. More than 18 million people globally are receiving life-saving HIV treatment, and the world is on track to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV. However, more than 2 million people are newly infected with HIV annually and, in 2015, more than a million people died from HIV-related causes. Strategic partnerships such as that of UNAIDS and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund) are vital if we are to Fast-Track the AIDS response to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.
Smart, effective health investments through the Global Fund have saved 17 million lives, expanding opportunities and achieving greater social justice for families and communities worldwide. Scientific advances, innovative ideas and private sector expertise are unlocking improvements in disease prevention, treatment and care.
Countries in the WHO Western Pacific Region have made considerable progress in preventing and controlling the HIV epidemic. Governments have scaled up access to life-saving antiretroviral therapy, and new HIV infections in the Region have decreased by 20% between 2000 and 2015. Despite this progress, many challenges remain on the path to ending the HIV epidemic.
The Economic and Fiscal Update is a “Supplement to the 2016-2017 Budget Address”. It provides the general outlook for Fiji‟s economic and financial performance and outlines Government‟s fiscal strategy for the medium term. The information contained in the Economic and Fiscal Update is as of June 2016.
This report examines the resource challenges that confront the AIDS response in Asia and the Pacific. It proposes a set of interventions that will help overcome them and steer the region towards ending its AIDS epidemic.
The report summarizes the analysis done by an independent, expert advisory panel on AIDS funding in Asia and the Pacific, convened jointly by UNAIDS and the World Bank in August 2013. The Expert Panel was tasked with reviewing the prospects for ending the region’s AIDS epidemic in the context of changing global economy and external funding environment.
Keywords: HIV, AIDS, prevention, testing, treatment, funding, global fund
While the response to the region’s HIV epidemic has chalked up impressive gains in HIV prevention and treatment, too many people continue to fall through the gaps in existing services.
The ADB Cooperation Fund for Fighting HIV/AIDS in Asia and the Pacific benefitted from a $19.2 million grant from the Government of Sweden with the goal of assisting ADB’s developing member countries meet their commitment to Millennium Development Goal 6, target 6A: to have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV. The objective of the fund was to support these countries to develop a comprehensive AIDS response; enable them to partner with ADB in areas that play to the bank’s strategic value and advantages; and particularly to benefit subregions, countries and communities that are most vulnerable to HIV.
This report summarizes the experiences and lessons learned of the Cooperation Fund.
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As world leaders meet to discuss the future of financing for development and to endorse new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the post-MDG era, the global community is taking stock of the progress made as well as the work that remains to be done, including in addressing the HIV epidemic. Since the establishment of the MDGs in 2000, through 2013 new HIV infections have decreased by almost 40% and the number of AIDSrelated deaths has decreased by 35% since 2005. Still, in 2013, more than million people were newly infected with HIV and 1.5 million died. In addition, new infections are rising in some parts of the world and some groups continue to be at disproportionately high risk for HIV and lack access to needed treatment and other interventions. As a result, a new UNAIDS Lancet Commission Report on Defeating AIDS calls for a significant ramping up of funding for AIDS efforts now, stating that “the next 5 years present a window of opportunity to scale up the AIDS response to end AIDS as a public health problem by 2030”. While the Commission notes that affected countries with financial capacity should fund more of their AIDS response, the need for international funding, particularly from donor governments, remains high. UNAIDS and the Kaiser Family Foundation have been tracking donor government assistance provided to address HIV in low- and middle-income countries since 2002. This report provides data from 2014, the latest available on their funding.
This paper is an offshoot of the 2014 AIDS Epidemic Model (AEM) Report endorsed by the Department of Health in August 2014. The AEM report utilized a set of tools (AEM workbooks) that provided techniques for estimating and measuring the impact of past and future programs on the HIV epidemic in the Philippines (1970-2050).
Keywords: AEM, HIV, prevalence, response, invesment, care