The World Health Report: Health Systems Financing: The Path to Universal Coverage. WHO (2010)

Health System_Financing_2012

Promoting and protecting health is essential to human welfare and sustained economic and social development. This was recognized more than 30 years ago by the Alma-Ata Declaration signatories, who noted that Health for All would contribute both to a better quality of life and also to global peace and security. 

 

 

 

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National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA), 2007-2009, Philippines. (2010)

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The objective of the NASA report is to track HIV/AIDS spending from 2007 to 2009 from various sources of financing covering both public and external funds. The aim of this initiative is to inform policy-makers, program managers, and the donor community on the magnitude and profile of HIV/AIDS expenditures in the country and guide them in their planning and decisionmaking activities.

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China National AIDS Spending Assessment 2010. Yakusik A, Zhongdan C, Fernández CA, et al. (2012)

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Comprehensive information about national spending on AIDS response is crucial for health policy development and evaluation. Dehong Prefecture of Yunnan Province is one of the areas hardest hit by HIV in China. Since 1989, when the first 146 HIV-infected injecting drug users (IDUs) were identified in Dehong, this area with 1.1 million of people reported a cumulative total of 17,590 HIV cases by the end of 2010. Studies conducted suggest that the population prevalence for HIV infections in Dehong Prefecture is estimated to be 1.3%. IDUs make up the majority of the people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Dehong Prefecture, accounting for more than a half of the total number of estimated HIV cases in Dehong with high estimated HIV prevalence. HIV transmission mode has been changing gradually over the recent years from intravenous drug use to heterosexual and homosexual transmission. This study provides a comprehensive overview of the overall level and composition of major investments in national AIDS response in Dehong Prefecture introducing National AIDS Spending Assessment (NASA) as a method for the purpose.


Keywords: HIV/AIDS, cases, death, mode of transmission, investments, funding

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Reviewing the Evidence on Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness of HIV Prevention Strategies in Thailand. Pattanaphesaj J and Teerawattananon Y (2010)

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Following universal access to antiretroviral therapy in Thailand, evidence from National AIDS Spending Assessment indicates a decreasing proportion of expenditure on prevention interventions. To prompt policymakers to revitalize HIV prevention, this study identifies a comprehensive list of HIV/AIDs preventive interventions that are likely to be effective and cost-effective in Thailand.


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HIV Spending as a Share of Total Health Expenditure: An Analysis of Regional Variation in a Multi-Country Study. Amico P, Aran C and Avila C (2010)

HIV Spending as a Share of Total Health Expenditure: An Analysis of Regional Variation in a Multi-Country Study. Amico P, Aran C and Avila C (2010)

HIV has devastated numerous countries in sub-Saharan Africa and is a dominant health force in many other
parts of the world. Its undeniable importance is reflected in the establishment of Millennium Development Goal No. 6. Unprecedented amounts of funding have been committed and disbursed over the past two decades. Many have argued that this enormous influx of funding has been detrimental to building stronger health systems in recipient countries. This paper examines the funding share for HIV measured against the total funding for health.

Source: Amico P, Aran C, Avila C (2010) HIV Spending as a Share of Total Health Expenditure: An Analysis of Regional Variation in a Multi-Country Study. PLoS ONE 5(9): e12997. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012997



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The Effects of Scale on the Costs of Targeted HIV Prevention Interventions among Sex Workers, Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgenders in India. S Chandrashekar, L Guinness, L Kumaranayake, et al (2010)

The Effects of Scale on the Costs of Targeted HIV Prevention Interventions among Sex Workers, Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgenders in India. S Chandrashekar, L Guinness, L Kumaranayake, et al (2010) The India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) project is involved in rapid scale-up of HIV-prevention interventions in high-risk populations. This study examines the cost variation of 107 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) implementing targeted interventions, over the start up (defined as period from project inception until services to the key population commenced) and first 2 years of intervention.

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The Long-Run Costs and Financing of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia. Saphonn V, Chhorvann C, Sopheab H, et al (2010)

The Long Run Costs and Financing Of HiIVAIDS in Cambodia2010 16

In many respects, Cambodia has made exceptional progress in addressing HIV/AIDS since it was first detect- ed in 1991. While the estimated number of new infections grew to reach almost 15,500 annually in the early 1990s, it had been reduced to about 2,100 by 2009.


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Summary Note on Expert Consultation on Costing HIV Responses in Asia 27-29 October 2010, Bangkok. UNAIDS RST (2010)

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 This note is intended as a short summary of the recent consultation to share immediately with partners to indicate meeting outcomes and action points while the extended meeting report is finalized. 

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Three Cents A Day is Not Enough - Resourcing HIV-related Harm Reduction on a Global Basis. Stimson GV, Cook C, Bridge J, et al (2010)

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People who inject drugs should benefit from the large increases in the global resources available for HIV. However, it is difficult to measure how much of global HIV spending actually goes into harm reduction. Although harm reduction is relatively invisible in national and international budgets, it is possible to calculate a plausible estimate of HIVrelated harm reduction expenditure in low and middle income countries between 2007 and 2009. These results demonstrate the degree to which the international community is failing to address the issue of HIV among injecting drug using populations.

 

 

 

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Economic Cost of HIV and AIDS in India. Das S, Mukhopadhyay, A and Ray T (2009)

Economic Cost of HIV and AIDS in India. Das S, Mukhopadhyay, A and Ray T (2009) According to the latest available estimates, there are currently about 2.5 million people living with HIV or AIDS in India, corresponding to a HIV prevalence rate of 0.36 percent for the population ages 15–49 (IIPS 2007). While HIV prevalence thus remains relatively low, there are sev- eral factors that are unique to India’s HIV epidemic, and need to be taken into account when assessing the impact of HIV and AIDS.

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