Socialist Republic of Viet Nam: HIV/AIDS Prevention among Youth. ADB (2005)

Socialist Republic of Viet Nam: HIV/AIDS Prevention among Youth. ADB (2005) The Government of Viet Nam (GoV) has identified the HIV/AIDS epidemic as a sig- nificant threat to population health, economic development and social order. The Govern- ment considers prevention and control efforts as investments in the nation’s future socio– economic well–being, and as evidence of Viet Nam’s commitment to the international agreements to which it is a signatory.

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Study of Young Men’s Sexual Behaviour Vientiane, Lao PDR August – November 2004. Burnet Institute (2005)

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Given that the spread of HIV throughout a community or a country is entirely contingent on human behaviour, we must acknowledge that public health interventions designed to prevent HIV transmission need to take account of the sexual practices of the relevant population. A more comprehensive approach would also consider other behaviours related to the spread of HIV - for example, behaviours around intravenous drug use and blood transfusions. The patterns of human sexuality within a population are generally considered to be culturally specific1; as such, we need to evaluate societies individually if we wish to introduce public health measures for sexually transmitted infections (STI) that have both local relevance and local acceptance.


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At the Crossroads: Accelerating Youth Access to HIV/AIDS Interventions. UNAIDS (2004)

At the Crossroads: Accelerating Youth Access to HIV/AIDS Interventions. UNAIDS (2004) This Pamphlet draws upon the issues discussed at, and outcomes of, the global consultation on “The Evidence for Policies and Programmes to Achieve the Global Goals on HIV/AIDS and Young People” held in Talloires, France, 24-28 May 2004. This global consultation was organised by WHO, UNAIDS, UNFPA and UNICEF, with the support of the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team on Young People (IATT/YP), and in collaboration with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, and a range of other partners.

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Bangladesh National Consultation Report with Vulnerable Young People 2004. UNICEF (2004)

Bangladesh National Consultation Report with Vulnerable Young People 2004. UNICEF (2004) HIV/AIDS is an emerging public health concern in Bangladesh. While HIV prevalence is still very low (less than 1%) among all high-risk groups except IDUs in central Bangladesh (4%), the findings of the recent result sero surveillance (June 2003) has moved Bangladesh further towards the critical status of concentrated epidemic. The potential risk situation is exacerbated by factors such as low risk perception among high-risk behaviour groups, low condom use (especially among clients of sex workers), and a high rate of needle sharing among intravenous drug users, notwithstanding various interventions.

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Baseline Data Collection on Young People and HIV/AIDS Prevention in Selected Islamic Schools in East Java. UNICEF and Population Council (2004)

Baseline Data Collection on Young People and HIV/AIDS Prevention in Selected Islamic Schools in East Java. UNICEF and Population Council (2004) During the past two years there have been rapidly increasing HIV infection among young people in Indonesia. This situation calls for an urgent need to assess the extent to which young people are at risk of HIV/AIDS. Young people, regardless of ethnic or reli- gious background are increasingly vulnerable and at risk to HIV/AIDS. With the largest Moslem population, Indonesia has substantial adolescent portion. This was the rationale and justification for doing an assessment (through a baseline data collection) on young people and HIV/AIDS in selected Islamic Schools. This will enable UNICEF Indonesia and other related authorities to plan for appropriate HIV/AIDS prevention intervention.

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Cambodia: Youth Consultation on HIV/AIDS with Young People 2004

Cambodia: Youth Consultation on HIV/AIDS with Young People 2004 In Cambodia, AIDS is reaching the general population. With an HIV/AIDS prevalence reaching 3% (2003) of the adult population, Cambodia is the country with the highest infection rate in the Asia and Pacific region.

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Consultations with Young People on HIV/AIDS 2004: Thailand Country Report. UNICEF (2004)

Consultations with Young People on HIV/AIDS 2004: Thailand Country Report. UNICEF (2004) Young people are under threat from HIV/AIDS. Of the estimated 40 million people in the world now living with HIV/AIDS, more than a quarter are aged 15 to 24. Half of all new infections occur in young people. In addition over 10 million children have been orphaned by AIDS and face life without parental protection and guidance, poverty and social inequality.

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Delivering on Child Rights in South Asia: Our Commitment on HIV/AIDS, Children and Young People. UNICEF (2004)

Delivering on Child Rights in South Asia: Our Commitment on HIV/AIDS, Children and Young People. UNICEF (2004) Across the region of South Asia, the HIV/AIDS epidemic is threatening to reverse the hard- won child survival gains of the past decades. Over 5.2 million people in South Asia are estimated to be infected with HIV/AIDS as of end 2003, of whom up to one-quarter are aged under 25 years. The data is dominated by the epidemic in India where some 5.1 million people were estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2003. (UNAIDS/WHO 2004).

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HIV/AIDS Prevention among Youth Project. ADB (2004)

HIV/AIDS Prevention among Youth Project. ADB (2004) The Long-Term Strategic Framework of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) commits it to supporting the pursuit of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the region and in ADB’s developing member countries (DMCs). MDG 6 is to halt and begin to reverse the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency (AIDS) by 2015. However, progress in this direction has not been encouraging and there is great concern that the number of people infected in the Asia and Pacific region and in particular countries, including Viet Nam, could still significantly grow.

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Integrating Young People’s Voices into the International AIDS Conference in Bangkok: Report of the National Youth Consultation in Nepal. Unknown Author (2004)

Integrating Young People’s Voices into the International AIDS Conference in Bangkok: Report of the National Youth Consultation in Nepal. Unknown Author (2004) Nepal’s first cases of HIV/AIDS were reported in 1988. At the end of 2003 it was estimated that 62.000 people were living with HIV/AIDS. The epidemic assessments reveal a low prevalence among the general population and that so far HIV/AIDS is still concentrated among certain groups like Female Sex Workers (FSW), Intravenous Drug Users (IDUs) and labor migrants. However as shown by global experience and specific studies conducted in Nepal the young people remain highly vulnerable to the disease.

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