Suffering in Silence: Consequences of Sexual Violence within Marriage among Young Women in Nepal. Puri, M., Tamang, J., Shah, I., (2011)

Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008)

This paper analyzes data collected during the qualitative study on “Sexual violence among young couples in Nepal”, conducted amongst two major ethnic groups - Brahmin/Chhetri and Tharu - between 2006 and 2007. The data is comprised of 39 free-lists and 15 in-depth case histories with married women aged 15-24 years.
The average rank and Smith’s Salience were calculated from the free-listing data. The thematic analysis approach was used for the analysis of information from the case histories.

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2011-2012 Progress of the World's Women in Pursuit of Justice. UN Women (2011)

In Persuit_of_Justice

In 1911, women were allowed to vote in just two countries of the world. Today, a century later, that right is virtually universal. During this time, women have continuously expanded their political rights so that, at the time of writing, 28 countries have reached or exceeded the 30 percent critical mass mark for women in parliament and 19 women are currently serving as elected Heads of State or Government. Alongside women’s greater political influence, there has been a growing recognition of women’s rights, not only political and civil, but also economic, social and cultural. To date, 186 Member States worldwide have ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), which entered into force in 1981, signalling their commitment to fulfilling the human rights of women and girls and breaking down the barriers to achieving gender equality and justice.



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Balochistan - Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2010. Planning and Development (P&D) Department, Government of Balochistan and UNICEF (2011)

MICS4 Balochistan_20

The Balochistan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was conducted by the Planning and Development Department, Government of Balochistan in May through September 2010.  The main objective of the survey was to provide updated information about the health of young children and their mothers to formulate strategic planning for their improvement in future.




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Bhutan Multiple Indicator Survey 2010. National Statistics Bureau, UNICEF and UNFPA (2011)

MICS Bhutan2010

The National statistics Bureau conducted the Bhutan Multiple Indicator Survey between March and August, 2010. The survey’s main objective is to provide up-to-date information on the situation of children and women in Bhutan. The survey is also aimed at furnishing data required for monitoring progress towards the MDGs, the goals of A World Fit for Children and other international goals. It is hoped that the findings will serve as a basis for equity-based programming, as well as contribute towards the improvement of data and monitoring systems in Bhutan. It will also help to strengthen technical expertise in the design, implementation, and data analysis of similar surveys in future.

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Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey 2010 - Preliminary Report. National Institute of Statistics Ministry of Planning, Directorate General for Health and MEASURE DHS (2011)


The sample was designed such that resulting statistics can be calculated for the country as a whole and for urban and rural areas. Survey estimates can also be reported for 19 study domains. Fourteen of the 19 domains are individual provinces: Banteay Mean Chey, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Kampong Thom, Kandal, Kratie, Phnom Penh, Prey Veng, Pursat, Siem Reap, Svay Rieng, Takeo and Otdar Mean , Chey,

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Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey 2010. National Institute of Statistics, Directorate General for Health and ICF Macro (2011)

cambodia DHS 10

The 2010 Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey (CDHS) is a nationally representative sample survey of 18,754 women and 8,239 men age 15-49. The 2010 CDHS is the third comprehensive survey conducted in Cambodia as part of the worldwide MEASURE DHS project. The primary purpose of the CDHS is to provide policymakers and planners with up-todate, reliable data on fertility; family planning; infant, child, and maternal mortality; maternal and child health; nutrition; malaria; knowledge of HIV/AIDS, and women’s status.

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Domestic Violence Legislation and its Implementation: An Analysis for ASEAN Countries Based on International Standards and Good Practices. UNWOMEN (2011)

Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008)

In its General Recommendation 19 the CEDAW Committee states, that the definition of discrimination against women includes gender–based violence, that is “violence that is disproportionately directed against a woman because she is a woman or that affects women disproportionately. It includes acts that inflict physical, mental or sexual harm or suffering, threats of such acts, coercion and other deprivations of liberty. Gender-based violence may breach specific provisions of the Convention, regardless of whether those provisions expressly mention violence”. These research papers - International Standards on Domestic Violence Legislation and Overview of Global Good Practices on Domestic Violence Response Systems prepared by the Lawyers Collective Women’s Rights Initiative, India, and contained in this publication, contribute strongly to the enhancement of domestic legislation in the ASEAN region. Drawing on international standards and good practice globally, they not only provide a rich analysis of existing legislation, but a robust framework to enhance the gender responsiveness of legislation and its implementation.


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Experiences and Perspectives of Women Living with HIV in Fiji and Papua New Guinea. Pacific Islands AIDS Foundation. (2011)


This study focuses on the experiences and perspectives of HIV-positive women living in Fiji and Papua New Guinea. The purpose of the study is to give voice to women living with HIV and to allow their stories and views to inform an improved HIV response where the dignity of each and every woman and man is respected and protected.

By paying attention to the experiences of these Pacific women, whose lives were dramatically changed on the day when they found out that they were HIV-positive, this study expands upon the knowledge and data on HIV in the Pacific Islands region.


Keywords: HIV, gender, women, PLHIV, communities, health services, stigma, discrimination, violence 

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Gender Based Violence in Viet Nam: Strengthening the Response by Measuring and Acting on the Social Determinants of Health. Rasanathan, J J K., Bhushan, A., & WHO. (2011)

Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008)

This draft background paper is one of several in a series commissioned by the World Health Organization for the World Conference on Social Determinants of Health, held 19-21 October 2011, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The goal of these papers is to highlight country experiences on implementing action on social determinants of health. Copyright on these papers remains with the authors and/or the Regional Office of the World Health Organization from which they have been sourced.



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Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive. UNAIDS (2011)

Global Plan_Elimination_HIV_Children

We believe by 2015, children everywhere can be born free of HIV and their mothers remain alive. The goal of the Global Plan is to move towards eliminating new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive. This plan focuses on reaching
pregnant women living with HIV and their children—from the time of pregnancy until the mother stops breastfeeding. Prior to
pregnancy, and after breastfeeding ends, HIV prevention and treatment needs of mothers and children will be met within the existing continuum of comprehensive programmes to provide HIV prevention, treatment, care and support for all who need it.

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