2012 Social Institutions and Gender Index Understanding the Drivers of Gender Inequality. OECD Development Centre (2012)

Social Institutions_and_Gender_Index

Despite promising progress in some areas, underlying discrimination against women persists: the 2012 Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) shows that countries have made promising progress in tackling discriminatory social institutions in some areas. Despite positive steps, pervasive and persistent social institutions continue to limit women and girls’ horizons in all regions ranked in the 2012 SIGI. Latin America and the Caribbean shows the lowest level of overall discrimination against women in the 2012 SIGI rankings. South Asia has improved its position from the lowest ranked region in 2009 to the fourth ranked region in 2012. This is largely due to the introduction of laws to combat violence against women, decline in early marriage, introduction of quotas to promote women’s political participation and improvement in son bias for some countries in the region.

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Analysis of Services to Address Gender-based Violence in Three Countries. Kai S. (2012)

Findings Report_Analysis_of_Services_to_Address_Gender_based_Violence_3_Countries-1

A core principle of the PEPFAR II strategy is to support the long-term sustainability of HIV-related prevention, treatment, care, and support programs and to scale up promising and innovative programs and practices. Breaking the links between HIV infection and GBV requires targeted interventions to foster changes in individual and community norms that perpetuate violence against women and other vulnerable groups (Gardsbane 2010; Interagency Gender Working Group of USAID 2008; Orndorff and Natividad 2009). 



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Handbook for National Action Plans on Violence against Women. UN Women. (2012)


The Handbook brings together current knowledge on effective policy for the prevention of, and response to, violence against women, and concretely demonstrates how States have developed and implemented such policy in their own contexts. The document is not a model plan itself, but sets out guidelines to help policy makers and advocates formulate effective plans. It is based on good practices in States’ plans and the advice of experts from different countries and regions. The principles it encapsulates have been designed to be applied regardless of the context, size or resource base of any individual State, though the method of implementation may vary.

Keywords: women, human rights, violence, discrimination, civil society


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Hormonal Contraception and HIV - Technical Statement. WHO (2012)

Hormonal contraception_and_HIV-1

 Following new findings from recently published epidemiological studies, the World Health Organization (WHO) convened a technical consultation regarding hormonal contraception and HIV acquisition, progression and transmission. It was recognized that this issue was likely to be of particular concern in countries where women have a high lifetime risk of acquiring HIV, where hormonal contraceptives (especially progestogen-only injectable methods) constitute a large proportion of all modern methods used and where maternal mortality rates remain high.

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Meeting Report: WHO-NIH Informal Consultation on Antiretroviral Treatment as HIV Prevention: Implementation Science in Asia. WHO (2012)

Consultation on_ART_as_HIV_Prevention

This informal consultation held from 26 to 28 March 2012 in Siem Reap, Cambodia brought together representatives of national AIDS programmes, civil society and research teams from these five countries, as well as international experts and researchers on ART as prevention.



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Programmatic Update: Use of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating Pregnant Women and Preventing HIV Infection in Infants. WHO (2012)

Use of_ARV__for_Pregnant_Women

Recent developments suggest that substantial clinical and programmatic advantages can come from adopting a single, universal regimen both to treat HIV-infected pregnant women and to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This streamlining should maximize PMTCT programme performance through better alignment and linkages with antiretroviral therapy (ART) programmes at every level of service delivery. One of WHO’s two currently recommended PMTCT antiretroviral (ARV) programme options, Option B, takes this unified approach.



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Summary of E-discussion on Key Affected Women and Girls in Asia and the Pacific. UNDP, UNAIDS, UN Women, UNOHCHR, and APN+ (2012)

Key affected_women_and_girls_Asia_Pacific_2012

From 1-23 February 2012, the Asia Pacific Community of Practice on HIV, Gender and Human Rights (HIV-APCoP) held an e-discussion on Key Affected Women and Girls in Asia and the Pacific with the primary objective of stimulating dialogue to ensure proper policy attention is paid to key affected women and girls in the context of HIV. 

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Technical Update on Treatment Optimization: Use of Efavirenz During Pregnancy: A Public Health Perspective. WHO (2012)

Technical update_on_treatment_optimization_PMTCT

Clinical trials on PrEP began in 2005. These trials have focused on the effectiveness of PrEP among people who inject drugs, HIV serodiscordant couples, heterosexual men and women, women at higher risk of HIV exposure, and men and transgender women who have sex with men (MSM-TG). Of these, two have completed as planned, one was stopped early for effectiveness, and two others were stopped or had arms discontinued for reasons of futility.



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Women Out Loud - How Women Living with HIV will Help the World End AIDS. UNAIDS (2012)

Women Out_Loud-1

Globally, young women aged 15–24 are most vulnerable to HIV, with infection rates twice as high as in young men, at 0.6%. This disparity is most pronounced in sub-Saharan Africa, where 3.1% of young women are living with HIV, versus 1.3% of young men. Each minute one young woman acquires HIV, accounting for 22% of all new HIV infections, with sexual transmission being the dominant mode of infection. Much remains to be done to ensure that young people are able to correctly identify ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV.

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A Long Way to Go: Implementation of the Elimination of Violence against Women Law in Afghanistan. OHCHR and UNAMA (2011)

Gender Differences in KAP Related to HIV/AIDS among Freshmen in Afghan University. Mansoor AB, Fungladda W, Kaewkungwal J, et al (2008)

This report is based on research carried out by UNAMA/OHCHR human rights officers in Kabul and in eight UNAMA regional offices between March 2010 and September 2011. UNAMA/OHCHR officers gathered detailed statistical and substantive information on implementation of the EVAW law by prosecutors, judges and police officers, and on the status of operations of provincial Commissions for Prevention of Violence against Women.

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