Annual HIV Sentinel Surveillance Country Report 2007. National AIDS Control Organization (2008)

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The Annual Sentinel Surveillance for HIV was started in the country in 1998 using standardized methodology. It is conducted by the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) and the States AIDS Control Societies (SACS). NIHFW has been associated with it for data collection, monitoring, analysis and preparing the country report since 1998.


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HIV Vulnerabilities Faced by Women Migrants: From Asia to the Arab States. UNDP, UNAIDS, IOM, et al (2008)

HIV Vulnerabilities Faced by Women Migrants: From Asia to the Arab States. UNDP, UNAIDS, IOM, et al (2008) This publication is the Executive Summary of a qualitative research study undertaken by UNDP Regional HIV and Development Programme - in partnership with UNAIDS, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), Coordination of Action Research for AIDS and Mobility in Asia (CARAM Asia), and the Caritas Lebanon Migrant Center (CLMC) - on the HIV vulnerabilities of Asian migrant women in Arab states. The study covered four countries of origin: Bangladesh, Pakistan, Philippines, and Sri Lanka; and three host countries: Bahrain, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

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HIV/AIDS & Mobility in South-East Asia: Rapid Assessment. United Nations Regional Task Force Secretariat & UNDP Regional Centre in Bangkok (2008)

HIV/AIDS & Mobility in South-East Asia. UNRTF (2008) There are signs of progress in reducing the pre-valence of HIV in some countries in the region. For example in Myanmar, Thailand and Cambodia, where despite the earlier presence of generalized HIV epidemics, the number of new infections per year has declined. In Cambodia and Myanmar, the general prevalence is now below 1% (0.9% and 0.7% respec-tively), according to the latest 2007 estimates. In contrast, Indonesia is experiencing one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics in Asia, through injecting drug users (IDUs) and men having unprotected sex with multiple partners. Viet Nam also saw a rapid increase of people living with HIV from 2000 to 2005, driven by injecting drug use and unprotected sex.

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IBBS among Male Labor Migrants in 11 Districts in Western and Mid to Far-Western Regions of Nepal. New ERA, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Service, National Centre for AIDS and STD Control Nepal, et al. (2008)

IBBS among Male Labor Migrants in 11 Districts in Western and Mid to Far-Western Regions of Nepal. USAID, Advancing Surveillance Policies Prevention Care and Support to Fight HIV/AIDS and National Centre for AIDS and STD Control Nepal (2008) This is the second round of the Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) conducted among 360 migrant workers in five districts of the Western development region and another 360 migrants of the Mid to Far Western development regions. The field survey was carried out during the months of June to September 2008. The survey measured HIV and STI prevalence among migrant workers, as well as condom use, sexual behaviors, knowledge of HIV/AIDS and exposure to HIV/AIDS messages, cases of sexually transmitted infection (STIs), STI treatment behaviors, and drug habits.

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Wives of Migrant Laborers in Four Districts of Far-Western Regions of Nepal. New ERA, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Service, FHI, et al. (2008)

Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Wives of Migrant Laborers in Four Districts of Far-Western Regions of Nepal: Round I -2008. USAID, Advancing Surveillance Policies Prevention Care and Support to Fight HIV/AIDS AND National Centre for AIDS and STD Control Nepal (2008) This report presents the findings of the first round of the Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) of wives of migrant laborers in West to Far-Western Nepal. This study is based on surveys of 400 spouses of those migrant laborers in the four districts of Achham, Doti, Kanchanpur, and Kailali who temporarily migrate or had migrated to India to work as laborers. The survey was conducted among the wives or widows of current or ex- labor migrants to India aged 16 years or over, whose spouse had spent at least three months in India and who had retuned to Nepal at least once in the last three years. The survey measured the prevalence of HIV among the study population. It also looked at multiple factors associated with risks for HIV infection, including condom use, sexual behavior, knowledge of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), STI treatment history, exposure to HIV/AIDS awareness messages, and alcohol/drug use habits.

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Policy Brief: HIV and International Labour Migration. ILO, IOM and UNAIDS (2008)

Policy Brief: HIV and International Labour Migration. ILO, IOM and UNAIDS (2008) International labour migration—the movement of people across national borders for employment—is an increasingly important aspect of global, regional and national economies. Recent estimates indicate that 86 million people are international labour migrants.

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Association between Expatriation and HIV Awareness and Knowledge among Injecting Drug Users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A Cross-Sectional Comparison of Former Refugees to Those Remaining During Conflict. Todd CS, Abed AMS, Strathdee SA, et al (2007)

Association between Expatriation and HIV Awareness and Knowledge among Injecting Drug Users in Kabul, Afghanistan: A Cross-Sectional Comparison of Former Refugees to Those Remaining During Conflict. Todd CS, Abed AMS, Strathdee SA, et al (2007)

Little is known about human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) awareness among Afghan injecting drug users (IDUs), many of whom initiated injecting as refugees. We explored whether differences in HIV awareness and knowledge exist between Afghan IDUs who were refugees compared to those never having left Afghanistan.


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Health without Borders: Improving Health and Reducing HIV/AIDS Vulnerability among Long-Distance Road Transport Workers through a Multi-sectoral Approach. Health without Borders and UNESCAP (2007)

Health without Borders: Improving Health and Reducing HIV/AIDS Vulnerability among Long-Distance Road Transport Workers through a Multi-sectoral Approach. Health without Borders and UNESCAP (2007) Long distance road transport workers are vulnerable to an array of health risks. Substance use, unprotected sex, unsafe roads, poor diets, long working hours and long absence from home are but some of the documented factors that lead to numerous communicable and non-communicable diseases and accidents. Importantly, the rapid spread of HIV across communities, countries and continents is a testimony to the linkages between mobile and migrant groups, such as road transport workers, and the growing epidemic.

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Human Trafficking and HIV: Exploring Vulnerabilities and Responses in South Asia. UNDP (2007)

Human Trafficking and HIV: Exploring Vulnerabilities and Responses in South Asia. UNDP (2007) Human trafficking generates billions of dollars for organized crime. It is considered the third largest source of funding, preceded only by drugs and guns.3 In South Asian countries, trafficking has increased drastically over the past several decades. Due to its clandestine nature, there are no precise statistics on the extent of the problem. However, it is reported that South Asia has the second- largest number of internationally trafficked persons in the world. It is assumed that millions of women, in particular, have been trafficked across borders and within countries. Overall, it is estimated that 150,000- 200,000 people from South Asia are trafficked annually.

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Migration Gone Wrong: Linkages between Trafficking and HIV. UNDP-TAHA (2007)

Migration Gone Wrong: Linkages between Trafficking and HIV. UNDP-TAHA (2007) The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) - Trafficking and HIV/AIDS project (TAHA) is working to prevent the trafficking of women and children.The TAHA secretariat is in Delhi.In addition, State Project Management Units (SPMU) have been set up and housed within the State AIDS Control Societies (SACS) in 10 (except Orissa) of the 11 states whereTAHAimplementsitsprogramme.Theanti- trafficking goal of the programme is located within aHIV and AIDS and safe mobility framework. TAHA is supported by NACO, DWCD and DFID and is implemented in partnership with more than 70 local and national partners.

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https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Global_TB_Report_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal_National_Community_Led_HIV_Testing_Guidelines_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_PWID_PWUD_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_FEW_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/DataHub_TB-HIV_Fact_Sheet_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_National_HIV_Communication_Strategy_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Status_of_National_AIDS_Response_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V1_North-East_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V2_West_South_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V3_Northern_Central_Eastern_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Annual_report_2016-17.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_Estimations_and_projections_of_HIV_AIDS_at_Sub-national_level_2016-2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_What_New_in_Treatment_Monitoring_Viral_Load_and_CD4_Testing_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_2016-17.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_Mapping_Key_Populations_2015-16.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017_Data_2017_en.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Fact_Sheets_Nov2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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