IOM-MPI Issue in Brief No. 2 - Asian Labour Migrants and Health: Exploring Policy Routes. Calderon J, Rijks B and Agunias DR (2012)

Issue Brief_Migrants_and_health

Migrant health issues have risen on the agenda of policymakers in the Asia-Pacific region in recent years, generating momentum at the very highest levels of government. The challenge now is how to translate this momentum into visible changes on the ground. Despite progress on both policy and programmatic fronts, Asian migrant workers continue to face challenges in accessing health facilities and services at all stages of migration – before departure, while in transit, at destination and upon return.

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Meeting Report - Consultation on The Memorandum of Understanding to Reduce HIV Vulnerability Associated with Population Movement. UNDP, Joint United Nations Initiative on Mobility and HIV in South East Asia, and ADB. (2012)

GMSMOU Consultation_Meeting_Report_2012-1

The key formal output of this meeting is an agreed Joint Action Plan, built from the draft JAP produced in September 2011, which will be presented for endorsement during the 11th Meeting of GMS Working Group on Human Resource Development, to be held in Myanmar on 4-5 October 2012. In addition, the joint priorities detailed in the JAP now provide a useful tool to assist participating government and civil society representatives from the GMS region to make a more coordinated effort to address HIV Vulnerability related to population movement. Participants’ identification of key challenges and gaps in access and provision of health and HIV services for migrants in the region will also assist ADB and UNDP APRC, through JUNIMA, to identify priority areas for further collaboration.


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Project Briefing - Stories of Harassment, Violence and Discrimination: Migrant Experiences between India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Samuels F, Wagle S, Sultana T, et al (2012)

Vulnerabilities of_movement_HIV_AIDS_india_nepal_bangladesh_Briefing_paper-1

This Project Briefing explores the experiences of these people as they migrate, drawing on findings from a baseline study on their vulnerabilities, particularly to HIV and AIDS, as they move between their communities of origin in Nepal and Bangladesh to India. Although the baseline used quantitative and qualitative approaches, stories of harassment and violence emerge mostly from the qualitative elements.


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Situation Report on International Migration in South and South-West Asia. Asia-Pacific RCM Thematic Working Group on International Migration Including Human Trafficking (2012)

Situation Report_on_International_Migration_South_and_SouthWestAsia

International migration is a key factor behind the socio-economic development of South and South-West Asia, one of the fastest growing subregions in the world economically. Historically, international migration has acted to alleviate population pressures and unemployment while remittances from overseas migrants have contributed to poverty reduction and helped ensure relative macroeconomic stability even during times of crises. 

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Background Note - Population Mobility and HIV and AIDS: Review of Laws, Policies and Treaties between Bangladesh, Nepal and India. Samuels F and Wagle S (2011)

Population Mobility_HIV_AIDS_Briefing_Paper-1

Various surveys and studies (e.g. Barbora et al., 2008; Theime, 2006) reveal that migrants are disadvantaged relative to the native population in terms of employment, education and health. While their contributions are often key to the survival of families and communities back home, those who move and those who remain face many vulnerabilities. 


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Background Note - Vulnerabilities of Movement: Cross-border Mobility between India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Samuels F, Zarazua MN, Wagle S, et al (2011)

Vulnerabilities of_movement_HIV_AIDS_india_nepal_bangladesh_Briefing_paper-1

Mobility is not a new phenomenon in South Asia, and national, regional and international mobility is on the rise. Over the last few decades the demand for labour from India’s growing economy, in particular, has pulled people from neighbouring countries: Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The rise of HIV in the region is also not a new phenomenon: current HIV trends reveal that South Asia is home to 2 to 3.5 million of the estimated 33.3 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) worldwide (UNDP, 2010) and the sheer numbers of PLHIV in the region make HIV a major public health concern.


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Trafficking of Fishermen in Thailand. Robertson P. (2011)


The objective of this report is to provide a better understanding of the recruitment, living and working conditions of fishermen and the extent of exploitation and abuse in the Thai fishing sector. The report reviews the legislative and regulatory framework governing the fishing sector and the recruitment of fishermen and its implementation, highlighting certain gaps which enable traffickers to operate in the sector and lead to abusive labour conditions. The report also examines protection and support services accessible by victims of trafficking.


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Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS: A Social Research on Cross Border Mobile Population from Bangladesh to India. Sultana T, Das A, Sultana MM, et al (2011)

Bangladesh India_route_report

The objective of this report is to provide a rapid assessment of migration and mobility as key influences on the distribution and spread of HIV in the Pacific. While this has been established globally with targeted and tailored prevention programmes on mobility and HIV in a number of countries, the Pacific has yet to develop appropriate responses that take migration and mobility into consideration and ensure that HIV interventions address the drivers of mobility and the specific vulnerabilities that mobility creates.

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Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS: A Social Research on Cross Border Mobile Populations from Nepal to India. Wagle S, Bohidar N, Samuels F, et al (2011)

EMPHASIS Baseline_Nepal_India_Route_Report-1

Enhancing Mobile Population’s Access to HIV & AIDS Services, Information and Support (EMPHASIS) program. This program seeks to reduce the vulnerability of mobile populations to HIV & AIDS along two mobility routes between Bangladesh and India and Nepal and India. The objectives of this study were to understand the vulnerabilities faced by mobile populations by exploring the volume, pattern and drivers of mobility. 


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Denying Entry, Stay and Residence Due to HIV Status: Ten Things you Need to Know. The Global Fund, UNAIDS and International AIDS Society. (2010)

Denying Entry, Stay and Residence Due to HIV Status: Ten Things you Need to Know. Brazilian STD/AIDS Programme, Brazilian Government, The Global Fund, et al (2010) In the early 1980s, when there was a great deal of ignorance, fear and prejudice in the response to the HIV, many countries implemented restrictions on the entry, stay and residence of people living with HIV (“HIV-related travel restrictions”). Despite the enormous amount of knowledge gained since then about how HIV is and is not transmitted, many of these restrictions still exist. Such restrictions are unnecessary, discriminatory and obsolete.

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