The Effects of an HIV and AIDS Project on Migrants at Source and Destination Sites in Nepal, Bangladesh and India: Findings from a Quasi-experimental Study. Samuels F, Nino-Zarazua M, Sultana MM, et al. (2014)

immage

While mobility itself is not seen as vulnerability factor for HIV infection, the unsafe conditions under which people migrate exposes them to a greater risk of infection. Not only do policies and programmes in receiving or host countries hinder migrants from accessing health and social services, but cultural factors and their legal status may contribute to the discrimination they face and act as a further barrier to accessing services. Difficult working conditions, loneliness and feelings of powerlessness, together with peer pressure, may lead migrants to engage in risky sexual behaviours that leave them vulnerable to HIV and AIDS.

 

Keywords: HIV, migrants, spouses, partners, knowledge, awareness

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Viet Nam Policy Brief: Health, HIV and Labour Migration in the GMS (Vietnamese). ADB, JUNIMA and UNDP. (2014)

immage

Viet Nam is a source country for labour migration with extensive outmigration for Vietnamese workers to countries in Asia and worldwide, actively supported by the Vietnamese Government as a key economic development strategy. Within the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS), Vietnamese migration is largely irregular.

 

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Viet Nam Policy Brief: Health, HIV and Labour Migration in the GMS. ADB, JUNIMA and UNDP. (2014)

immage

Viet Nam is a source country for labour migration with extensive outmigration for Vietnamese workers to countries in Asia and worldwide, actively supported by the Vietnamese Government as a key economic development strategy. Within the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS), Vietnamese migration is largely irregular.

 

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Assessing Potential Changes in the Migration Patterns of Myanmar Migrants and their Impacts on Thailand. IOM, The Asian Research Center for Migration, Chulalongkorn University. (2013)

immage

This assessment was conducted under these economic and social contexts in Thailand and Myanmar. It aims to provide an evidence-based understanding of the evolving migration patterns of Myanmar migrants and the ways the changes will affect them, their employers and other stakeholders, and finally, the two countries involved. It is the first comprehensive assessment in Thailand to produce a broad understanding of the characteristics of Myanmar migrants in the country,as well as of the whole cycle of migration and the conditions of migrant workers before their decision to migrate, during the migration and, in the case of return, after migration.

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International Migration, Health and Human Rights. IOM, WHO and OHCHR. (2013)

immage

In this publication, the World Health Organization (WHO), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) explore the multifaceted health and human rights challenges that migrants face and report on recent developments in this area. The aim of this publication is to provide all stakeholders with a reference on key health and human rights issues in the context of international migration. It is meant to provide inspiration to policymakers to devise migration policies and programmes that are guided by public health considerations and human rights imperatives, with a view to protecting the human rights and improving the health of both migrants and the communities in which they live.

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National Consultation on Punitive Laws Hindering AIDS Response in Bangladesh. National AIDS and STD Programme, UNAIDS and UNDP. (2013)

immage

The objectives of the workshop were to identify the laws hindering the AIDS response and build consensus on reforms needed to create an enabling legal environment for access to HIV services and to chalk out a time bound action plan identifying priorities for the amendment of punitive and discriminatory legal environment that are impeding AIDS responses.

 

The consultation was attended by 82 participants. The inaugural session, which was attended by eminent personalities, expressed the need for the timely intervention, while the overview of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Bangladesh painted a vivid picture to the participants in understanding the gravity of the AIDS epidemic and limitations of the current response.

 


Keywords: HIV, PLHIV, FSW, PWID, migrants, MSM, transgender people/hijra, discrimination, stigma, workplace, healthcare

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On the Move: Critical Migration Themes in ASEAN. Chantavanich S, Middleton C, Ito M (eds.). (2013)

immage

This book explores new concepts and identifies critical themes in migration studies in ASEAN, with a focus on selected emerging trends, namely: various forms and degrees of environmental change and how these changes transform migration; labour, human trafficking and migration; migrant children; and gender. It presents selected papers from two conferences at Chulalongkorn University hosted by the Asian Research Center for Migration (ARCM) and its partners, held to mark International Migrants Day on 18 December in 2011 and 2012. The conferences emphasized the ongoing importance of recognizing and meeting the challenges of migration in both its long-standing and new forms, and facilitated discussion among policymakers, planners and representatives from national ministries of the Royal Thai Government and across ASEAN, international and national organizations, and nongovernmental organization (NGOs) to explore the range of issues associated with migration conceptually and from experiences on the ground.

 

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Report of HIV Situation among Migrant Workers in Thailand. Bureau of Epidemiology. (2013)

immage

Currently, Thailand’s economic development results in an increasing trend of expansion while the country has also been experiencing labor force shortage in the industrial and the agricultural sectors during the past decade. This is due to declining population growth in Thailand, resulting that the new labor force has decreased while unemployment is increasing. The labor force from the agricultural sector have migrated to the industrial and service sector. This has led to the situation thatthe laborforcewhich are mostly unskilled in the locally agricultural sector are scarced. Hence, a solution to labor shortage is to allow migrant workers from neighboring countries to replace those who have moved to other sectors. Also, there are certain types of work that are not considered by Thais because they are hard work, dirty and returned with low benefits such as labor force in the fishery industry, construction and labor force in the rubber plantation, etc.

 

Keywords: HIV, AIDS, prevalence, STI, migrant workers, condom, knowledge

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HIV and Bangladeshi Women Migrant Workers. IOM (2012)

Bangladeshi HIV_report

Bangladesh is a major supplier of labour to the world market. Female migrant workers are increasingly important for the Bangladeshi job market, as they contribute to poverty reduction and economic growth. Though the sector has significant potential to grow given the demand, there are challenges that put the rights of female migrant workers at risk.

 

 

 

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IOM-MPI Issue in Brief No. 2 - Asian Labour Migrants and Health: Exploring Policy Routes. Calderon J, Rijks B and Agunias DR (2012)

Issue Brief_Migrants_and_health

Migrant health issues have risen on the agenda of policymakers in the Asia-Pacific region in recent years, generating momentum at the very highest levels of government. The challenge now is how to translate this momentum into visible changes on the ground. Despite progress on both policy and programmatic fronts, Asian migrant workers continue to face challenges in accessing health facilities and services at all stages of migration – before departure, while in transit, at destination and upon return.


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