Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Male Labor Migrants in Western and Mid to Far Western Region of Nepal - Round VI, 2017. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2017)

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The survey was undertaken primarily to track the trend of HIV prevalence among MLMs and to understand risky sexual behaviors among MLMs of Western and Mid to Far Western Regions of Nepal. Information on the socio-demographic characteristics, work and migration, sexual behavior and condom use with different partners in Nepal and during the stay in India; knowledge perception and attitude on HIV/AIDS and STI; use of drug and injection; exposure to STI, HIV and AIDS awareness programs; and stigma/discrimination against HIV infected person were collected using a structured questionnaire.


Keywords: Nepal, HIV, STI, prevalence, condom use, knowledge, treatment

 

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Mobile Populations: Stop TB Key Populations Brief. Stop TB Partnership. (2016)

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Despite numerous international treaties and commitments to protect the health rights of migrants, this population still faces significant barriers in their access to TB care. Migration, which is driven by a number of complex economic, social, political and environmental factors, is a determinant of ill health, and the health outcomes of migrants are impacted by the various dimensions of the migration process.


Keywords: TB, migrants, health care, language barriers, stigma, treatment

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Report of an Inter-regional Roundtable Discussion On: Addressing Health Vulnerabilities of Migrants in Large Migration Flows. Asia-Europe Foundation and IOM. (2016)

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The Inter-regional Roundtable Discussion on “Addressing Health Vulnerabilities of Migrants in Large Migration Flows”, co-organised by the Asia-Europe Foundation (ASEF) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on 25 April 2016 in Geneva, Switzerland, marked the first expert-level Roundtable aimed at examining unprecedented migrant health issues emerging across Asia and Europe. The discussion focused on a comparative analysis of the public health challenges faced in transit and receiving nations in the Mediterranean Sea and the Andaman Sea.

The Roundtable brought together 40 participants, experts and representatives from the governments, UN agencies, inter- and non-governmental organisations and the to share and discuss their experience, knowledge and perspectives on the challenges and interventions made by countries and humanitarian actors to address the recent migration crisis in Asia and Europe.

 


Keywords: migration, health, communicable diseases, support, human rights

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Tuberculosis Control in Migrant Populations Guiding Principles and Proposed Actions. WHO. (2016)

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Human migration, defined as the “movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border, or within a State”, has been increasing over the last several decades (1). According to current United Nations estimates, there are approximately 232 million international migrants worldwide, with over 71 million living in Asia, and an additional 740 million internal migrants moving within their own countries (2,3). The total number of migrants worldwide is greater than the population of all but the world’s two most-populous nations.


Keywords: TB, prevention, migrants, health, inclusion
 

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Factsheet: Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Male Labour Migrants in Western and Mid to Far Western Region of Nepal Round V – 2015. National Center for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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This is the fifth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) conducted among the Male Labour Migrants (MLM) of 11 districts of Western (5) and Mid to Far Western (6) Regions of Nepal. Primarily, this survey was carried out to track the trend in prevalence of HIV among MLMs and to explore the sexual risk behaviors associated with the HIV infection. This survey was carried during July-September 2015. Two stage 30 cluster sampling method was adopted in this survey. Desired numbers of participants were selected on the basis of population proportion to size from selected clusters. Each of Village Development Committee/Municipality/Sub-Metropolitan city of the selected districts of Western and Mid to Far Western Regions were considered clusters.

 

Keywords: Nepal, HIV, IBBS, MLM, prevalence

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Male Labor Migrants in Western, Mid and Far Western Region, Round 5. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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This is the fifth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey conducted among 720 Male Labor Migrants (MLM) (360 migrants of Western Region and 360 migrants of Mid to Far Western Region). Survey was conducted in 11 districts of both the Regions (Five districts: Kaski, Syangja, Palpa, Kapilvastu, Gulmi of Western Region and Six districts: Banke, Surkhet, Kailali, Kanchanpur, Doti and Achham of Mid to Far Western Region).


Keywords: Nepal, STI, prevalence, sexual behavior, condom use, treatment, clinics, stigma and discrimination

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Migration and Left-Behind Households in Rural Cambodia: Structure and Socio-economic Conditions. Zimmer Z and Natta MV. (2015)

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The purpose of this report is to describe the familial structure of ‘migrant’ households in rural Cambodia – that is, households that report the recent departure of a former household member – and to investigate the association between the household structure and the socio-economic conditions of the household. Particular attention is paid to households containing one or more children of the migrant and/or one or more older parent of the migrant. The analysis in this report is primarily descriptive, although multivariate modeling is also reported.

 

Keywords: migrants, children, data, households

 

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Self-Care and Health Care: How Migrant Women in the Greater Mekong Subregion Take Care of Their Health. Mekong Migration Network. (2015)

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While all undocumented migrant workers face similar hardships, it is particularly challenging for migrant women who bear increased burdens and gender-based discrimination which reduces their ability to negotiate health rights at home, in hospitals, and at work. Furthermore, even upon return home, migrant women face problems re-registering, resulting in limited to no access to public health care.

Across the region there are gaps in health care for migrant women, with the most pronounced gaps particularly being sexual and reproductive health services and care for mental health. Sometimes health care policies and programming for migrants focuses specifically on certain diseases such as HIV and AIDS without making available other health information and health care services. Lack of long term health care policies for migrants combined with poor enforcement of migrants’ labour rights also pose significant barriers to migrant women’s ability to stay healthy and access health care.

 

Keywords: Thailand, Myanmar Cambodia, Loa PDR, China,Vietnam, sex work, prevention, discrimination

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The Right to Health. UNDP. (2015).

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The Right to Health provides a comprehensive situational overview of labour migration governance in relation to low-skilled migrant workers in South-East Asia. It examines the legal, social, and cultural factors affecting the right to health for migrant workers in the region and gives an overview of relevant international standards, including their specific application to migrant workers.  

 

 


Keywords: Migrant workers, ASEAN, laws, medical care, health services

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A Qualitative Study Comparing the Effects and Outcomes of HIV-related Interventions for Nepalese Migrants – At Source, Transit and Destination. Sarin E. (2014)

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The study was conducted among 60 migrants and family members, and 5 key informants in four locations- two at the destination site of Delhi and two at the source site of Nepal. In depth interviews by trained researchers were conducted with the help of semi structured interview guides.
The average age of male respondents was 36 years while it was 30 years for female respondents. Educational level was higher among males, the average being 8.6 years of education while it was 2.5 years for females. Fifty six (93%) of the total respondents were married and half of them had 3 children or more. Male migrants were employed as watchmen, cooks, factory workers, computer operator, while spouses of male migrants in Delhi were engaged in household work or worked as salesgirls and domestic help. Spouses and other family members in Nepal were mostly engaged in agricultural and household work .

 

Keywords: HIV, Nepal, India, Delhi, stigma, migrants, women

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