Guidance Note: Services for People in Prisons and Other Closed Settings. UNAIDS. (2014)

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All modes of transmission occurring in the broader community (blood-borne, sexual and vertical transmission) also occur in prisons. HIV is transmitted in prison settings through the sharing of contaminated injecting equipment among people who inject drugs; consensual or coerced unsafe sexual practices including rape; unsafe skin piercing and tattooing practices as well as body modifications; and blood-borne transmission resulting from the sharing of shaving razors, so-called brotherhood blood-sharing rituals and the improper sterilization or reuse of medical or dental instruments.


Keywords: HIV, TB, epidemiology, policy and legal framework, gender, human rights

 

 

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Policy Brief: Consolidated Guidelines on HIV Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Care for Key Populations. WHO (2014)

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This policy brief provides an overview of key findings, data and figures of the new consolidated guidelines on HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care for key populations. In addition, it offers an overview of the comprehensive package on interventions and a table summarizing WHO recommendations concerning key populations.

 

Keywords: HIV, men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), sex workers, transgender, testing, treatment

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Policy Brief: Women who Inject Drugs and HIV: Addressing Specific Needs. UNODC. (2014)

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This policy brief aims to promote the realization of gender equality and human rights in terms of an effective harm reduction response to HIV for women who inject drugs in community and prison settings. It outlines a framework to achieve that goal which focuses on improving the availability, accessibility, affordability and acceptability of women-oriented harm reduction interventions. Suggested good practice tools and guidance are also provided.

 


Keywords: HIV, women, drugs, services, harm reduction

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Evaluation of the National HIV Prevention Program for Key Affected Populations, Migrant Workers and Prisoners. Institute for Population and Social Research Mahidol University. (2013)

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Objective of the evaluation
1. To evaluate the quality, coverage and efficiency of HIV prevention for KAP and prisoners.
2. To promote the use of the evaluation findings to inform the design of strategies, implementation and refinement of interventions supported by the Global Fund.

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A Review of HIV in Prisons in Nepal. Dolan K and Larney S (2009)

A Review of HIV in Prisons in Nepal. Dolan K and Larney S (2009) Background: HIV in prisons is a serious public health concern. People in prison are at risk of contracting HIV through injecting drug use, unprotected sex and tattooing. However, most countries have largely neglected HIV prevention and care in prisons. Objectives: The aim of this study is to review HIV prevention and care in Nepal’s prisons

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Handbook on Prisoners with Special Needs. UNODC. (2009)

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This handbook covers the special needs of eight groups of prisoners, which have a particularly vulnerable status in prisons. They are: Prisoners with mental health care needs; Prisoners with disabilities; Ethnic and racial minorities and indigenous peoples; Foreign national prisoners; Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) prisoners; Older prisoners; Prisoners with terminal illness and Prisoners under sentence of death.

 

Keywords: mental health care, indigenous peoples, prisoners, LGBT

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Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector. WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF (2009)

Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector. WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF (2009) The purpose of this document is to provide a framework for mounting an effective national response to HIV/AIDS in prisons* that meets international health and human rights stan- dards, prioritizes public health, is grounded in evidence-based interventions and best practices,** and supports the good management of custodial institutions.

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Handbook for Prison Managers and Policymakers on Women and Imprisonment. UNODC. (2008)

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The main focus of the handbook is female prisoners and guidance on the components of a gender-sensitive approach to prison management, taking into account the typical background of female prisoners and their special needs as women in prison.

 


Keywords: women, prisoners, health care, gender

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Women and HIV in Prison Settings. UNODC and UNAIDS. (2008)

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Women in prison are vulnerable to gender-based sexual violence; they may engage in risky behaviours and practices such as unsafe tattooing, injecting drug use, and, are more susceptible to self-harm.

 

 

Keywords: HIV, women, prisoner, violence, gender

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HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support in Prison Settings. UNODC, WHO and UNAIDS (2006)

HIV/AIDS Prevention, Care, Treatment and Support in Prison Settings. UNODC, WHO and UNAIDS (2006) The purpose of this document is to provide a Framework for mounting an effective national response to HIV/AIDS in prisons that meets international health and human rights standards, prioritizes public health, is grounded in best practice, and supports the management of custodial institutions.

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