Global Prison Trends 2018. Rope O and Sheahan F. (2018)


Global Prison Trends 2018 is the fourth edition in Penal Reform International’s annual series, published in collaboration with the Thailand Institute of Justice. The report analyses trends in criminal justice and the use of imprisonment and, as in previous years, these show that while overall crime rates around the world have declined, the number of people in prison on any given day is rising.


Keywords: prisoner, women, children, justice, healthcare, laws



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Global Prison Trends 2017. Huber A, Rope O and Sheahan F. (2017)


The Global Prison Trends 2017 report by Penal Reform International, in collaboration with the Thailand Institute of Justice, provides a window to one of the least visible and least accessible government sectors, while highlighting some of the most intractable correctional issues for policy makers across the world. Prison overcrowding, inhumane treatment and the rising number of vulnerable groups of prisoners are problems that have long been listed as primary challenges when it comes to prison management. Yet the problems still persist in many parts of the world today, necessitating a new perspective and approach for criminal justice reforms.

Keywords: HIV, criminal justice, development, prisons and incarceration


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Women in Detention: Putting the UN Bangkok Rules into Practice. Rope O, Atabay T and Huber A. (2017)


In 2010, the United Nations adopted the Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-Custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the ‘Bangkok Rules’) to give guidance on how to meet the specific needs of women in prison. 

Sensitisation and training is a key aspect of implementing the Bangkok Rules at a national level. This Workbook has been designed to support prison staff, policymakers, healthcare practitioners, representatives of intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations, and other interested stakeholders, to put the Bangkok Rules into practice. 

The Workbook draws on the UN Nelson Mandela Rules (revised Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners), global good practice and research findings to provide practical guidance, using exercises and case studies. 

Keywords: women, prisoner, gender, justice, discrimination 



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Addressing the Specific Needs of Women who Inject Drugs - Practical Guide for Service Providers on Gender-responsive HIV Services. UNODC. (2016)


This Practical Guide is intended for existing harm reduction and HIV-related service providers, managers, health-care workers and outreach workers, as well as those planning to work directly with women who inject drugs. Given the wide range of contextual variables (such as epidemiological factors, resource availability, extent and types of structural barriers, sociocultural issues, staff experience, etc.) that may have impact on the provision of women-specific harm reduction services, this Guide does not prescribe specific sets of protocols to be followed for particular types of women-specific services. Instead, it presents key objectives, priorities and rationales that should inform the design and implementation of services for women who inject drugs.

Keywords: HIV, needle/syringe, opioid, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, gender


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Do No Harm - Health, Human Rights and People who Use Drugs. UNAIDS. (2016)


Evidence supports the need for a shift in the global approach to drug use. In this report, Do no harm: health, human rights and people who use drugs, UNAIDS shows what works to reduce the impact of HIV and other harms related to drug use. Countries that have moved away from laws and policies that are harmful to people who use drugs and that have increased investment in harm reduction have reduced new HIV infections and improved health outcomes. These policies also deliver broader social benefits, such as lower levels of drug-related crime and reduced pressure on health-care and criminal justice systems.

Keywords: HIV, PWID, harm reduction, health care, stigma, discrimination, prisons

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Global Prison Trends 2016. Penal Reform International. (2016)


This is the second annual edition in our Global Prison Trends series produced by Penal Reform International, describing key global trends in the use and practice of imprisonment and the pressing challenges facing states that wish to organise their penitentiary systems in accordance with international norms and standards.

Topics include for example: developments in international criminal justice policy; notable changes to policy at the national level; prison population trends; prison management issues (eg. security and violence, radicalisation, corrections in fragile and conflict states, corruption) and new technologies. The 2016 also has a new section on the provision of food in prisons, with some representative data on food expenditure.


Keywords: HIV, drugs, violence, women, children, health, human rights

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Prisoners: Stop TB Key Populations Brief. Stop TB Partnership. (2016)


Over the past several decades, the weakening of criminal justice systems and reliance on ineffective, overly punitive policies have led to the deterioration of prisons globally. This has caused overcrowding and facilitated the spread of infectious diseases such as TB and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB). Prisons are intrinsically linked to communities; thus, the TB and MDR-TB epidemics in prisons have impacted health outcomes in countries where excessive incarceration is prevalent.

Keywords: TB, HIV prevalence, treatment, drugs, laws, policy, human rights, diagnosis

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The Global State of Harm Reduction 2016. Stone K. (2016)


The new data in this report shows a worrying slowdown in the provision of harm reduction services for people who use drugs, with no new countries introducing needle and syringe programmes since 2014.

Along with this, there has been a rise in injecting stimulant use across all regions of the world, and a dramatic increase in overdose deaths.

Harm reduction in prisons also remains vastly insufficient, with only a very small number of countries providing needle exchange or overdose training in at least one prison.


Keywords: HIV, PWID, prisoners, drug, OST, NSP, hepatitis C, needle/syringe


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United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners. United Nations. (2016)


Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 17 December 2015. The General Assembly, Guided by the principal purposes of the United Nations, as set out in the Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,1 and inspired by the determination to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, without distinction of any kind, and in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom. 

Keywords: human rights, crime, prevention, awareness


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Leave No One Behind - Posters from Asia-Pacific Intergovernmental Meeting on HIV and AIDS, Bangkok 28-30 January 2015. ESCAP. (2015)


Legal and policy barriers hinder universal access to HIV services in Asia and the Pacific. 
Many countries in the region still apply laws that deny the human rights of people living with HIV and key populations at higher risk of HIV. 

To overcome these barriers and ensure that we leave no one behind, we need rights-based laws and policies.

Let us hear what people from key populations have to say about the legal and policy barriers they face. 


Keywords: HIV, IGM, discrimination, human rights, PLHIV, MSM, transgender people, PWID, sex workers, young people, migrants, prisoners, pregnant women, girls, treatment

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