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The Pacific Sexual Health and Well-Being Shared Agenda 2015–2019 (the Shared Agenda) is a visionary document that provides guidance and strategic direction to strengthen the sexual health response in the Pacific region by shifting the focus from a single disease to a rights-based comprehensive approach to sexual health.
Keywords: HIV, Pacific, STI, civil society, violence, young people, LGBT, MSM, sex workers, PLHIV, women
This Regional Data Overview presents regional data on sex work that is available as it pertains to HIV epidemiology, risk behaviours and vulnerability factors.
Commercial sex is the primary mode of HIV transmission in many Asian countries: where more people engage in commercial sex than in any other high-risk behaviour. An estimated 0.5%-15% of men pay for sex across the region. These men are one of the key determinants in both the spread and magnitude of HIV epidemics in the region, since they are the biggest single group that transmits HIV to their intimate partners.
Keywords: HIV, FSW, MSW, transgender people, clients, condom use, prevalence, knowledge, violence
The survey attempted to take advantage of Nepal’s attempt to include a third gender category in its national census, the first such attempt in the world. Nearly 1,200 respondents were recruited by trained BDS outreach workers whose aim was to study the identity, demographics, and experiences of sexual and gender minorities in Nepal. The study participants came from 32 of Nepal’s 75 districts, spoke Nepali, Bhojpuri, and Maithill, were primarily Hindu, and included individuals from 150 caste and ethnic groups.
The survey that reveals LGBT people in Nepal continue to face a wide range of obstacles as individuals and as a community. These challenges include widespread bullying in schools, lack of protection from discrimination by employers, paucity of programming to address the reproductive health needs of lesbians, and the lack of sensitive HIV healthcare for transgender women and gay men who are at exponentially higher risk of HIV infection than the general population.
Keywords: HIV knowledge, harassment, testing, treatment, behaviour, discrimination
Experience of Self-stigma among Young Men who Have Sex with Men and Young Transgender Women and the Linkages to HIV in Asia and the Pacific.
To better understand how self-stigma relates to HIV, YVC undertook an in-person consultation in October 2012 in Bangkok, Thailand, and commissioned in-country research in 10 countries: Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.
Keywords: TG, MSM, condom use, sexual violence, criminalize, discrimination
This submission is made by the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) in relation to concerns about the application and implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights for lesbians, bisexual women and transgender (LBT) persons in Sri Lanka. The information we are providing supplements the information that the Human Rights Committee was presented for its 110th session in March 2014, and is pertinent to the List Of Issues adopted by the Human Rights Committee at this session.
Keywords: violence, gender, workplace, stigma, discrimination, laws
Through the Lens of Lesbians, Bisexual Women and Transgender People in Asia is based on research conducted between November 2010 and March 2012 by women’s human rights groups, sexuality rights groups, and gender rights groups in Japan, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines and Sri Lanka. Each country team analyzed its own data and authored a country chapter presented in this regional report.
By Abhina Aher, Programme Manager India HIV/AIDS Alliance
Presentation presented at WPATH International global perspectives meeting
The purpose of the study is threefold:
(1) To describe and document experiences of rejection and discrimination of lesbian, and young transgender persons, and the impact of this on their lives;
Despite being a low HIV/AIDS prevalence country, Bangladesh has all the characteristics of high-risk behaviors for initiating an HIV/AIDS epidemic. This includes considerable high prevalence of pre and extra-marital sex, low condom use, less awareness but significant prevalence of STIs, low knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention, high prevalence of STIs among sex workers, existence of needle/syringe sharing among drug users and high prevalence of HIV infection among injecting drugs users.
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Gender-based violence (GBV) is commonly thought of as an issue affecting primarily women and girls; however, stigma, discrimination and violence are also expressed toward men who have sex with men (MSM), male sex workers (MSW) and transgender (TG) individuals. While there is an increasing body of research among sexual minorities identifying the association between GBV and physical and mental health issues, including increased risk of contracting HIV, programs for these populations tend to focus on raising HIV awareness to reduce sexual risks. A better understanding of GBV among MSM/MSW/TG populations is necessary in order to develop clear and targeted recommendations for future interventions targeting this issue.