“I Want to Live With My Head Held High” Abuses in Bangladesh’s Legal Recognition of Hijras. Human Rights Watch. (2016)

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This report documents abuses suffered by a group of hijras, when they were forced to undergo so-called medical examinations at a hospital in Dhaka, the capital, in 2015, as part of a government employment program. The medical exams were ordered as part of the routine government hiring procedure, but absent a clear procedure to identify and respect hijras, hospital staff responded based on their own personal biases.  Although a 2013 directive from the cabinet recognizes hijras as a third gender, the government has not developed rights-based procedures for changing their gender on official documents, leaving them open to abuse when they seek to assert their rights, Human Rights Watch found. 


Keywords: human rights, transgender, gender, stigma, discrimination

 

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Factsheet: Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Men Who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transgender (TG) in Kathmandu Valley. National Center for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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This is the fifth round of the IBBS survey conducted among Men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender (TG) population in the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. Previously, the survey was carried out in 2004, 2007, 2009 and 2012 in the same location among the same population. In line with the objectives of the previous rounds of the IBBS, this survey was also undertaken primarily with objectives to: a) determine the prevalence and trend of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomati (CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhea (NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/ Transgender (TG), b) Collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics and c) Explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM and TG population. Fieldwork for data collection was conducted in August, 2015.


Keywords: Nepal, HIV, IBBS, MSM, MSW, TG, prevalence, syphilis, condom, transgender sex worker (TGSW)

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Formative Assessment on Stigma and Discrimination Impacting Universal Access to HIV and Health Services for MSM and Transgender People in Bhutan. NACP and UNDP. (2015)

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This study assesses the barriers faced by men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people in Bhutan in accessing health services. It seeks to identify the level of stigma and discrimination against these marginalized groups as well as assesses the strengths, limitations and needs of the health services dealing with their sexual health. The study puts forth a set of concrete recommendations aimed at addressing the issues that have been identified.

 

Keywords: HIV, PLHIV, homophobia, gender, stigma, discrimination, gender

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HIV and Young Transgender People: A Technical Brief. WHO. (2015)

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Stigma and discrimination against transgender people frequently cause them to be rejected by their families and denied healthcare services, including access to HIV testing, counselling and treatment.


Keywords: HIV, unprotected sex, drug, alcohol, stigma, discrimination, selling sex, health care

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Man Having Sex with Man (MSM) and Transgender (TG) in Kathmandu Valley, Round 5. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2015)

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As of 2015, five rounds of IBBS surveys (i.e. Round 1 in 2004, Round 2 in 2007, Round 3 in 2009, Round 4 in 2012, and Round 5 in 2015) have been conducted in Nepal. The main objectives of the IBBS survey were to: determine the prevalence and trend of HIV Syphilis, Chlamydia Trachomati(CT) and Neisseria Gonorrhoea(NG) and associated risk behaviors among MSM/ Transgender (TG), collect information related to socio-demographic characteristics and explore the association between the risk behaviors and HIV and other specific STIs among the MSM/TG population.

 

Keywords: Nepal, HIV, STI, ART, prevalence, condom use, partners, stigma and discrimination, drug use

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Rights in Action: Transgender Health and HIV. USAID, PEPFAR, LINKAGES and IRGT. (2015)

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Every day, transgender (trans) people face human rights violations that harm their health and well-being, limit their opportunities and increase their vulnerability to HIV. This brief provides programmers and policymakers with a framework to understand the risks faced by the trans community and describes concrete steps that can be taken to reduce the burden of HIV and protect the rights of trans people around the world.


Keywords: HIV, stigma, discrimination, health services, human rights, gender

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A Framework for Media Engagement on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in South Asia. Centre for Advocacy and Research and UNDP. (2014)

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A Framework for Media Engagement on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in South Asia: Regional Framework, Literature Review and Country Case Studies provides direction for how men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender communities should engage with the media, and how the media itself should leverage its influence to reduce stigma and discrimination, educate and raise awareness of human rights issues, and support strategies and programmes that improve the political, social and legal environments for MSM and transgender people in South Asia. The report includes case studies from Bangladesh, Nepal and India and provides recommendations for actions by programme managers working in South Asia for both managing media and for empowering communities to work more effectively with media. 

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ASEAN Good Practices and New Initiatives in HIV and AIDS. The ASEAN Secretariat Jakarta. (2014)

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According to the First ASEAN Regional Report on HIV and AIDS in 2011, “Addressing AIDS in ASEAN Region”, there are 1.5 million people estimated to be living with HIV distributed amongst the ASEAN Member States (AMS). The national HIV prevalence rates in the region range from 0.1 per cent to 0.7 per cent. Although prevalence rates are decreasing, current estimates indicate that there are some AMS that are showing an increasing trend.
The key risk behaviours that drive the HIV epidemic in the region are unprotected sex with multiple partners and needle sharing in injecting drug use. Seventy-five per cent of all HIV infections in ASEAN are reported among key populations (KPs) of sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender, and people who inject drugs. Other vulnerable populations include the intimate partners of KPs, youths, and mobile populations.


Keywords: HIV, PMTCT, testing, STI, prevention, FSW, transgender people, MSM, prison setting, PWID, migrant workers

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Being LGBT in Asia: Cambodia Country Report. UNDP and USAID. (2014)

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This country report is a product of a broader initiative, ‘Being LGBT in Asia’, which was launched in December 2012. It is the first-of-its-kind Asia-wide learning activity carried out with Asian grassroots LGBT organizations and community leaders alongside USAID and UNDP. In Cambodia, it has additionally partnered with OHCHR. With a focus on eight countries – Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam – the initiative examines LGBT lived experiences from a development and rights perspective.

 

Keywords: LGBT, human rights, legal environment, sexual orientation, gender identity, stigma, discrimination

 

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Being LGBT in Asia: China Country Report. UNDP and USAID. (2014)

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The China LGBT Community Dialogue brought together participants from all over Mainland China (not including Hong Kong, Macau or Taiwan). Approximately 60 people participated in Day 1 of the Dialogue from 40 institutions and organizations, representing the full range of China’s LGBT community alongside representatives of the central government, the court system, universities, legal experts and legal-aid organizations and a broad range of civil society organizations. Over 140 participants took part in the next two days of Dialogue from a larger number of NGOs and CBOs from all over China. Ten transgender participants from across China and five transgender community experts from Hong Kong SAR, India, Nepal, the Philippines and Thailand too part in the China-Asia Transgender Community Roundtable. The Dialogue and Roundtable were jointly convened by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

 

Keywords: LGBT, human rights, legal environment, sexual orientation, gender identity, stigma, discrimination

 

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Data Dashboard
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Highlighted publications
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Global_TB_Report_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal_National_Community_Led_HIV_Testing_Guidelines_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_PWID_PWUD_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_IBBS_FEW_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/DataHub_TB-HIV_Fact_Sheet_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2018.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NSACP_Sri_Lanka_National_HIV_Communication_Strategy_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Status_of_National_AIDS_Response_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V1_North-East_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V2_West_South_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_State_Epi_factsheets_V3_Northern_Central_Eastern_region_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NACO_Annual_report_2016-17.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Cambodia_Estimations_and_projections_of_HIV_AIDS_at_Sub-national_level_2016-2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_What_New_in_Treatment_Monitoring_Viral_Load_and_CD4_Testing_2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_2016-17.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_Mapping_Key_Populations_2015-16.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017_Data_2017_en.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Fact_Sheets_Nov2017.pdf
https://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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