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The Global State of Harm Reduction 2014 maps the response to drug-related HIV, viral hepatitis and tuberculosis. It also integrates updated information on harm reduction services into each regional chapter, including on needle and syringe programmes (NSPs) and opioid substitution therapy (OST) provision; harm reduction services in the prison setting; access to antiretroviral therapy for people who inject drugs; regional overdose responses; policy developments; civil society developments; and information relating to funding for harm reduction.
Outreach workers have been the focal point for the success and failure of the Needle Syringe Exchange Program (NSEP program) in Malaysia. They are the back bone and considered the front line workers for the NSEP program in Malaysia. They are instrumental in providing all of the services that have been stipulated under the NSEP program and the rightly so individuals to deal with people who inject drugs (PWID) in the community. Outreach workers often face many daily challenges when they work with PWID.
In order to reach the overall objectives, the Training Manual includes 8 practical training modules. Each module is introduced with a brief background to the topic and the purpose for its inclusion in the training. Modules also contain learning objectives, suggested readings, case studies and fact sheets. A series of slide by slide instructors’ notes and accompanying Power Point slide presentations for each module will assist LE trainers deliver each of the modules.
Keywords: PWID, HIV, prevention, harm reduction
Women who use drugs require specialised services and treatment that protects their dignity and preserve their rights to health and family life. They are at higher risk of contracting HIV due to biological, behavioural and structural reasons. Women who use drugs are also at greater risk of psychological disorders and exhibit riskier injecting behaviors.
The World Drug Report provides an annual overview of the major developments in drug markets for the various drug categories, ranging from production to trafficking, including development of new routes and modalities, as well as consumption. Chapter 1 of the World Drug Report 2014 provides a global overview of the latest developments with respect to opiates, cocaine, cannabis and amphetamines (including “ecstasy”) and the health impact of drug use. Chapter 2 zeroes in on the control of precursor chemicals used in the manufacture of illicit drugs.
In 2011, the fourth round of the Integrated HIV Behavioral and Serologic Surveillance (IHBSS) was led by the Department of Health. The IHBSS would provide crucial strategic information that would influence and provide direction for policies, programs, and services to help address the escalating epidemic of HIV in the Philippines and its consequent burden. The most-at-risk populations (MARPS) were included in the surveillance and in this report - Males who have sex with Males (MSM), Female Sex Workers (FSW), and Injecting Drug Users (IDU).
The objective of the IHBSS is to determine the: (a) prevalence of HIV and syphilis among the key affected populations and establish trend over time, (b) behavioral factors that are associated with STI and HIV transmission and their effect on the HIV epidemic in the country, (c) outcome of STI and HIV intervention programs and (d) to provide strategic information to guide STI and HIV policies, programs and services.
|This study was based on the Rapid Assessment and Response methodology outlined in the WHO Rapid Assessment and Response Guide on Psychoactive Substance Use and Sexual Risk Behaviour and the WHO Rapid Assessment and Response Technical Guide on Injecting and Drug Use. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used. 17 Key informant interviews, 15 focus group discussions, and 44 individual structured interviews among drug users were conducted.|
The baseline study for CAHR project was implemented in a selection of sites across the five countries (China, Kenya, India, Indonesia and Malaysia) in order to obtain baseline data on a number of indicators that relate to drug injecting practices, risky injecting and sexual behaviour, interactions with the legal system, knowledge about HIV and safe injecting, access to and satisfaction with services, and quality of life of people who inject drugs (PWID). The study also attempted to determine certain associations between access to HIV-prevention services and risky injecting practices, as well as to identify contextual factors that might influence behaviours that put people at risk of HIV infection and quality of life of PWID.
Keywords: HIV testing, sexual behaviour, civil society, knowledge
This report was commissioned by the International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC), with the support of Australian Aid, for the purpose of developing a better understanding of drug policy advocacy activity in 10 Asian countries: Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. It aims to achieve three goals: