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Findings from a cross-sectional qualitative study of HIV vulnerabilities among People Who Inject Drugs and their sex partners in Bihar and Manipur, India.
Under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) according to the National HIV Surveillance Plan for generating the strategic information needed for guiding and monitoring the national response to HIV and AIDS, since 2002 Nepal has been successfully carrying out IBBS surveys among People Who Inject Drugs (PWIDs).
This is the sixth round of the IBBS survey conducted among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in Eastern Terai. In line with the objectives of the previous rounds of the IBBS, this survey was also undertaken primarily to determine trends of HIV and STIs, HIV and STI related risk behaviours, drug injecting behaviours, the level of awareness about HIV/STIs and exposure to HIV intervention programs among PWID in Eastern Terai. Moreover, this survey examined the prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C among PWID for the first time. Fieldwork for data collection was conducted in July, 2015.
Keywords: Nepal, Eastern Terai, HIV, IBBS, PWID, condom, prevalence, syphilis
Although global coverage of harm reduction services has slowly increased, there is a lack of services focused on and accessible to young people, despite low ages of initiation into injecting drug use in many countries and important differences in vulnerability and risk between younger and older people who inject drugs.
Keywords: HIV, young women, violence, harassment, stigma and discrimination, law and policy
This is the sixth round of the IBBS study conducted among PWIDs in Eastern Terai Highway Districts. This survey is a part of the National HIV Surveillance Plan (2012) and National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2011-2016). In line with the objectives of the previous rounds of the IBBS, the sixth round of the survey was also undertaken primarily to determine the prevalence of HIV and STIs, assess HIV and STI related risk behaviours, drug injecting behaviours, the level of awareness about HIV/STIs, as well as their exposure to intervention programs among PWIDs in Eastern Terai Highway Districts. Moreover, this survey examined the prevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C among PWIDs for the first time.
Keywords: Nepal, Eastern Terai Highway, HIV, STI, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, needles/syringe, treatment, condom use, testing, stigma and discrimination
The sixth round of the IBBS survey in Kathmandu valley among 340 males among People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) was conducted by NCASC with financial support from the TI Pooled Fund. The survey has primarily collected strategic information needed to analyze trends in risk behavior associated with HIV and STI. For the first time in the history of IBBS, the survey has introduced HCV and HBV testing to determine prevalence among PWIDs.
The sixth round of IBBS surveys carried out in the Pokhara Valley was conducted among 345 males among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) with financial support from the Global Fund. This survey focuses primarily on collected strategic information needed to analyze trends in risk behaviors associated with HIV/STI infection among the male subpopulation of PWIDs. This survey has introduced HCV and HBV testing to determine their prevalence among PWIDs for the first time in IBBS study.
Keywords: Nepal, Pokhara Valley, HIV, HCV, HBV, STI, prevalence, condom use, needles/syringe, condom use, testing, treatment
Pervasive stigma, social isolation and harsh criminal penalties for drug use exacerbate the risk of HIV acquisition and impede access to HIV prevention, care and treatment services among people who inject drugs. This brief seeks to help policymakers and program implementers understand and address the HIV needs and human rights of people who inject drugs.
This resource is intended for harm reduction service providers with limited experience of working with children and young people who inject drugs. It sets out a process that you can go through quickly, with little cost, to prepare for work with children and young people who are under 18. It is designed to help your organisation and staff to feel safe in commencing this work, and to support you in thinking through the challenging situations and decisions that you face. In some cases, it may lead you to decide that you are not yet ready to go ahead with this work.
This report analyses recent trends and developments of the synthetic drugs market in East and South-East Asia and Oceania, comprising both amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) and new psychoactive substances (NPS). NPS are substances of abuse that are not controlled by the International Drug Conventions but which may pose a public health threat. In this context, the term ‘new’ does not necessarily refer to new inventions but to substances that have recently become available. East and South-East Asia and Oceania has the largest ATS market in the world and in recent years the scope and availability of NPS has rapidly expanded. Moreover, this synthetic drugs market is becoming more complex and interconnected with other regions. These developments warrant an in-depth study to understand the current threat and impact of ATS and NPS in East and South-East Asia and Oceania within a global context.