Impact of HIV Prevention Programs on Drug Users in Malaysia. Kamarulzaman, A (2009)

Impact of HIV Prevention Programs on Drug Users in Malaysia. Kamarulzaman, A (2009)

Faced with a rising HIV epidemic among injecting drug users, harm reduction policies and programs were introduced in Malaysia in 2005. The positive impact seen since the introduction of these programs comprise the inclusion of the health aspects of illicit drug use in the country’s drug policies; better access to antiretroviral therapy for injecting drug users who are HIV infected; reduction in HIV-risk behavior; and greater social benefits, including increased employment.

Source: Kamarulzaman A. (2009). Impact of HIV Prevention Programs on Drug Users in Malaysia. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr.

 


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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) among Injecting Drug Users in Kathmandu Valley: Round IV - 2009. New ERA, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services, and FHI (2009)

Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) among Injecting Drug Users in Kathmandu Valley: Round IV - 2009. FHI, New ERA and STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services (2009) As part of the national response to the HIV epidemic, National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) conducts surveillance to monitor HIV prevalence rates and risk behaviors. This surveillance among injecting drug users (IDUs), female sex workers (FSWs), male labor migrants (MLM), wives of labor migrants and men having sex with men (MSM) is done on a regular basis conducting Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Surveys (IBBS). This study is the fourth round of IBBS conducted among 300 male IDUs in the Kathmandu Valley. The study was undertaken to measure the prevalence of HIV and syphilis, and associated risk behaviors among IDUs.

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) among Injecting Drug Users in Pokhara Valley: Round IV - 2009. New ERA, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services, and FHI (2009)

Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) among Injecting Drug Users in Pokhara Valley: Round IV - 2009. FHI, New ERA and STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services (2009) As part of the national response to the HIV epidemic, National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) conducts surveillance to monitor HIV prevalence rates and risk behaviors. This surveillance among injecting drug users (IDUs), female sex workers (FSWs), male labor migrants (MLM), wives of labor migrants and men having sex with men (MSM) is done on a regular basis conducting Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Surveys (IBBS).


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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) among Male IDUs in Western to Far-Western Terai of Nepal Round III- 2009. New ERA, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services, and FHI (2009)

Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) among Male IDUs in Western to Far-Western Terai of Nepal Round III- 2009. FHI, New ERA and STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services (2009) The National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC), Nepal, has developed a comprehensive National Surveillance Plan for HIV and AIDS that includes a regular schedule for conducting an Integrated Biological and Behavioral Survey (IBBS) among populations that are most at risk (MARPs). These surveillance studies conducted at regular intervals, help to assess health risk behaviors and measure the prevalence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among MARPs, as well as monitoring trends in the epidemic to inform the HIV response in Nepal. The IBBS is conducted by NCASC with technical and financial support from Family Health International/Nepal (FHI/Nepal) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).


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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Male Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) in the Eastern Terai of Nepal Round IV – 2009. New ERA, STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services, and FHI (2009)

Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey among Male Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) in the Eastern Terai of Nepal Round IV – 2009. FHI, New ERA and STD/AIDS Counseling and Training Services (2009) This study presents the findings of the fourth round of the IBBS conducted among IDUs of the Eastern Terai region of Nepal. The study is based on a survey of 345 males aged 16 years and above who have been injecting illicit drugs for at least three months prior to the date of the survey. The IDUs were recruited from different areas of the Jhapa, Sunsari and Morang districts of the Eastern Terai. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of HIV/STIs and to assess HIV/STI-related risk behavior among the IDUs in the study areas. The study also collected information on IDUs’ socio-demographic characteristics, awareness of HIV/STIs, sexual behavior, condom use and exposure to intervention programs in the study areas. The fieldwork started on 19 January and was completed on 23 February 2009.

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Malaysia Country Advocacy Brief: Injecting Drug Use and HIV. UNODC and UNAIDS (2009)

Malaysia Country Advocacy Brief: Injecting Drug Use and HIV. UNODC and UNAIDS (2009) Rapid expansion of the methadone maintenance therapy (MMT), needle and syringe programme (NSP) and antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme to reach a much larger number of people who inject drugs will save lives. Close monitoring of the scale up progress will help in this process

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Male Sex Work and HIV Risk among Young Heroin Users in Hanoi, Vietnam. Clatts MC, Giang LM, Goldsamt LA, et al (2009)

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In 2005, the latest year for which complete data are available, there were an estimated 8.3 million HIV infections in Asia, one-fifth the disease burden worldwide.


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Multilevel Analysis of HIV Related Risk Behaviors among Heroin Users in a Low Prevalence Community. Li H, Goggins W and Lee SS (2009)

Multilevel Analysis of HIV Related Risk Behaviors among Heroin Users in a Low Prevalence Community. Li H, Goggins W and Lee SS (2009) Injecting drug users (IDU) are at increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Their HIV prevalence however varies from place to place and may not be directly linked with the level of individual risk. This study explores the relative importance of individual and community level characteristics in the practice of HIV-related risk behaviors in IDU in Hong Kong where the HIV prevalence has remained low at below 1%.

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Rapid Situation Assessments of HIV Prevalence and Risk Factors among People Injecting Drugs in Four Cities of the Punjab. Nai Zindagi (2009)

Rapid Situation Assessments of HIV Prevalence and Risk Factors among People Injecting Drugs in Four Cities of the Punjab. Nai Zindagi (2009) This assessment of HIV prevalence among people injecting drugs in the four cities of Mandi Bahauddin, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala and Sheikhupura was conducted in July-August 2009. This assessment includes city wise mapping for size estimates of people injecting drugs, identification of sites where injecting is prevalent, estimates of HIV prevalence among people injecting drugs through provision of VCCT services (confirmation of reactive samples in the Public sector laboratories) and collection of relevant behavioral data.

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Reports of Evidence Planting by Police among a Community Based Sample of IDUs in Bangkok, Thailand. Fairbairn N, Kaplan K, Hayashi K, et al (2009)

Reports of Evidence Planting by Police among a Community Based Sample of IDUs in Bangkok, Thailand. Fairbairn N, Kaplan K, Hayashi K, et al (2009) Drug policy in Thailand has relied heavily on law enforcement-based approaches. Qualitative reports indicate that police in Thailand have resorted to planting drugs on suspected drug users to extort money or provide grounds for arrest. The present study sought to describe the prevalence and factors associated with this form of evidence planting by police among injection drug users (IDU) in Bangkok.

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