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The aim of this study was to document why significant numbers of men who have sex with men based in Metropolitan Manila (also known as Greater Manila, Metro Manila and Manila) currently do not access HIV services at different levels of the HIV treatment cascade. The study was carried out with support from UNDP's Bangkok Regional Hub through the ISEAN/HIVOS Multi-country Global Fund HIV programme.
The uneven distribution of HIV risks and burdens across populations is a well-substantiated fact, though seldom publicly acknowledged.1 Gay men and other men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers, and transgender women are 24, 24, 13.5, and 49 times more likely to acquire HIV, respectively, than other reproductive aged adults (15 years old and older). Globally, new infections among these key populations account for 45% of all new HIV infections. This figure is likely to be an underestimate, given the intense stigma associated with disclosing and reporting acquisition risks for HIV among gay men, people who use drugs, sex workers, and transgender people.
The report prepared by UNAIDS Regional Support Team for Asia and the Pacific and AIDS Data Hub provides information on the HIV epidemic and response on men who have sex with men in Asia and the Pacific.
This 2015, the Epidemiology Bureau of the Department of Health (DOH-EB), together with various partners conducted several activities with the goal of updating the size estimates of KAP in the country, specifically among Males who have Sex with Males (MSM), Female Sex Workers (FSW) and Injecting Drug Users (IDU).
Keywords: HIV, IHBSS sites, national level, mapping, city
This Foresight Document begins with background information about its purpose, and an explanation of scenario planning as an approach to long-term policy guidance. The methodology section describes the process used for developing the Foresight Document, followed by an overview of the various components: the axes of uncertainties, the four resulting scenarios, the drivers and forerunners.
Keywords: MSM, sexual identity, gender, discrimination, human rights
A Snapshot of the Legal Environment on Same-Sex Sexual Acts and the Rights of Transgender and Intersex Persons in Asia and the Pacific is produced on the occasion of the 28th ILGA World Conference in Bangkok, Thailand. The Snapshot provides an overview of the legal environments in the Asia-Pacific region to inform the issues, challenges and opportunities regarding the rights of men who have sex with men and women who have sex with women, as well as transgender and intersex persons.
A good example of how we now operate was the launch of the TestBKK-campaign in which we advocate for regular HIV-testing of our target groups at MSM and friendly health clinics in Bangkok, Thailand. A campaign to call for HIV-testing in itself is not new, but the way in which we organised it, was new and innovative. APCOM brought together a broad partnership of community organisations, the government, local health clinics and the private sector. This is a new and exciting model to share with many colleagues around the world. The campaign was the largest ever seen and unique for Bangkok and Thailand in general. Given its success, the campaign will for sure be repeated.
In Asia-Pacific countries, Abrahamic religions such as Islam and Christianity often condemn same-sex behaviour and gender non-conformity. This kind of stigma can and does create a sense of low self-esteem among men who have sex with men and transgender people. This, in turn, can prevent them from protecting themselves from the risks related to unsafe sexual behaviour as well as accessing available health services.
This discussion paper is APCOM’s knowledge product on coordinating an empowering response to such faith-based stigma and discrimination. A similar discussion paper focusing on Islam teaching has been released in 2013, and positively received and used by the community advocates.
Keywords: HIV, health services, MSM, transgender persons, community
Condoms are a highly effective and widely used method to prevent transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancies.
A global consultation meeting was held in Geneva, Switzerland, from 6 to 7 November 2014, to reaffirm the critical role of male and female condoms as part of combination HIV prevention, to shape an agenda to scale up condom promotion and distribution, and to identify strategies to overcome bottlenecks in scaling up.
Keywords: HIV, prevention, female condoms and lubricants
The first case of HIV infection in Hong Kong was reported in 1984. As of 2015, the Department of Health has received a cumulative total of 7,718 reports of HIV infection and 1,655 AIDS cases under the voluntary and anonymous HIV/AIDS reporting system (Fig. 1). The number of annual reports was a record high of 725 cases in 2015, 11% increase compared to the 651 cases in 2014. People infected with HIV progress to AIDS when they suffer from clinical complications of severe immunodeficiency due to HIV. In 2015, 110 AIDS reports were received. The most common illnesses presenting at AIDS were Pneumocystis pneumonia and tuberculosis.
Keywords: Hong Kong, HIV, MSM, heterosexual, young, adult, transmission