HIV Prevalence and Risk Behaviors Among Male Clients of Female Sex Workers in Yunnan, China. Jin X, Smith K, Chen RY, et al (2010)

HIV Prevalence and Risk Behaviors Among Male Clients of Female Sex Workers in Yunnan, China. Jin X, Smith K, Chen RY, et al (2010) Clients of FSWs serve as potential bridges for HIV transmission from the high-risk FSWs to the low-risk general population, making them a key target for intervention. High HIV prevalence rates among clients in Kaiyuan is particularly alarming given their risk behavior patterns including high rates of partner exchange, low condom use rates, and drug-using behaviors. Innovative interventions are needed to reduce the risk of HIV among clients and reduce the bridge of transmission to the general population.

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Myanmar: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

Myanmar: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, has a population of 50 million people. The estimated nation‐wide population of sex workers in 2007 was between 40,000 and 80,000 and the population of their clients between 840,000 and 1,400,000 (Table 1). One predominantly qualitative study of female sex workers (FSWs) in Yangon estimated that there were around 100 brothels throughout the city and in various townships (as of 2003).

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Pakistan: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010)

Pakistan: Sex Work and HIV/AIDS. HIV and AIDS Data Hub for Asia-Pacific (2010) Until recently, Pakistan was considered as a ‘low HIV prevalence, high risk country’ in relation to HIV. The country is now classified as having a concentrated epidemic, with an HIV prevalence of more than 5% among injecting drug users (IDUs) in at least eight major cities in three of the four provinces and among Hijras sex workers in at least one city. At the end of 2009, it was estimated that were 97,400 people living with HIV and AIDS, with 2,917 patients registered across the country, among whom 1,320 are on antiretroviral drug therapy. The national adult HIV prevalence among the general population remains under 0.1%.

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Programme Exposure and Sexual Behaviour in Female Sex Workers, Bellary District, Karnataka State. Rajaram S, Roy A, Gurav K, et al (2010)

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India has an estimated 2.4 million people infected with HIV and unprotected paid sex
remains a key factor in its continued spread, particularly in the southern states. The National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) has classified Bellary district as one of the highest prevalence districts in Karnataka. In October 2005, approximately 3,129 female sex workers (FSWs) were mapped in Bellary district, of which approximately 15.7% were estimated to be HIV infected. Sex work in Bellary urban is predominantly home-based with FSWs soliciting sex in public places across the city, and mostly entertaining their clients in a home setting.


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Risky Business Kiribati: HIV Prevention amongst Women who Board Foreign Fishing Vessels to Sell Sex. McMillan K and Worth H. (2010)

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Fishing and the maritime industry are central to everyday life and both the formal and informal economies of the Republic of Kiribati. In consideration of Kiribati’s vulnerability to HIV, seafarers are always, understandably, a central concern. The issue of I-Kiribati women who board foreign fishing vessels for sex work is a matter that also regularly appears in documents and papers considering HIV prevention strategies for Kiribati. Although there has, to date, been no diagnoses of HIV from among this group, the position of such women as potential vectors of transmission of the virus into the general population of Kiribati tends to be given more prominence than their own specific vulnerabilities.

 

Keywords: HIV, sex work, testing, condom, violence, discrimination

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Scale-Up and Coverage of Avahan: A Large-Scale HIV Prevention Programme among Female Sex Workers and Men Who have Sex with Men in Four Indian States. Verma R, Shekhar A, Khobragade S, et al (2010)

scale_up_HIVprevention_2011_india Documenting the implementation of a public health programme as per its design is critical to interpretation of results from survey-led outcome and impact evaluation activities, the authors describe the scale-up and coverage of large-scale HIV-prevention services provided to female sex workers (FSWs) and high-risk men who have sex with men (HR-MSM) during the first 5 years of the Avahan programme in India.

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The Effects of Scale on the Costs of Targeted HIV Prevention Interventions among Sex Workers, Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgenders in India. S Chandrashekar, L Guinness, L Kumaranayake, et al (2010)

The Effects of Scale on the Costs of Targeted HIV Prevention Interventions among Sex Workers, Men who Have Sex with Men and Transgenders in India. S Chandrashekar, L Guinness, L Kumaranayake, et al (2010) The India AIDS Initiative (Avahan) project is involved in rapid scale-up of HIV-prevention interventions in high-risk populations. This study examines the cost variation of 107 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) implementing targeted interventions, over the start up (defined as period from project inception until services to the key population commenced) and first 2 years of intervention.

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Violence against Female Sex Workers in Karnataka State, South India: Impact on Health, and Reductions in Violence Following an Intervention Program. Beattie, T S H., Bhattacharjee, P., & Ramesh, B M. et al. (2010)

Vietnam: HIV/AIDS TRaC Study among Injecting Drug Users in Mong Cai, Uong Bi, and Thai Nguyen City. DFID and PSI (2006)

Violence against female sex workers (FSWs) can impede HIV prevention efforts and contravenes their human rights. We developed a multi-layered violence intervention targeting policy makers, secondary stakeholders (police, lawyers, media), and primary stakeholders (FSWs), as part of wider HIV prevention programming. This study examined if violence against FSWs is associated with reduced condom use and increased STI/HIV risk, and if addressing violence against FSWs within a large-scale HIV prevention program can reduce levels of violence against them. FSWs were randomly selected to participate in polling booth surveys. 

 

 

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Devising a Female Sex Work Typology Using Data from Karnataka, India. Buzdugan R, Copas A, Moses S, et al (2009)

Devising a Female Sex Work Typology Using Data from Karnataka, India. Buzdugan R, Copas A, Moses S, et al (2009) Most human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission in India is heterosexual, and evidence indicates that a substantial proportion of this transmission relates to sexual networks that include female sex workers (FSWs). Understanding the distribution and organization of female sex work is therefore crucial to developing and implementing evidence-based HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention and treatment programmes. Numerous sex work typologies have been proposed. Typology refers to a classification of FSWs into types or categories. In general, these typologies seek to provide a comprehensive description of the settings in which women practice sex work.

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IBBS 2009, Round IV, Female Sex Workers (FSWs), 22 Terai Highway Districts Fact Sheet. USAID, ASHA Project and National Center for AIDS and STD Control (2009)

IBBS 2009, Round IV, Female Sex Workers (FSWs), 22 Terai Highway Districts Fact Sheet. USAID, ASHA Project and National Center for AIDS and STD Control (2009) The fourth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among female sex workers (FSWs) was conducted in 2009. A total of 600 FSWs were recruited for the study, out of them 400 were recruited from six study sites representing 16 districts between Jhapa district in the Eastern region and Rupandehi district in the Western region along the highway in the Terai.

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