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This report presents the key findings and recommendations of the review of Myanmar's legal framework and its effect on access to health and HIV prevention and treatment services for people living with HIV and key affected populations.
Keywords: Myanmar, Legal, PLHIV, Sex workers, MSM, Transgender, Women, Girls, Children, Young people, Key populations
This Prakas is aimed at regulating employers of entertainment service enterprises, establishments and companies to properly and comprehensively implement the Labour Law.
In 2011, the fourth round of the Integrated HIV Behavioral and Serologic Surveillance (IHBSS) was led by the Department of Health. The IHBSS would provide crucial strategic information that would influence and provide direction for policies, programs, and services to help address the escalating epidemic of HIV in the Philippines and its consequent burden. The most-at-risk populations (MARPS) were included in the surveillance and in this report - Males who have sex with Males (MSM), Female Sex Workers (FSW), and Injecting Drug Users (IDU).
This report examines the Custody and Education system. Over the course of Asia Catalyst's research into the system, we found serious conflict between the C&E system and international human rights law. As a coercive administrative education measure that deprives citizens of their personal liberty for extended periods of time, C&E also has an extremely fragile legal foundation in Chinese law, given that the main documents on which it is based are not laws but regulations. Individuals detained under the C&E system are denied a fair trial and lack all essential procedural rights such as the right to a defense and a hearing. This report analyzes China’s relevant laws and policies, as well as documentary data from inside and outside of China.
Keywords: HIV/AIDS, FSW, laws, sex work, human rights, police
The first CRiSP (Community Based Risk Behavioural and Seroprevalence Survey for Female Sex Worker in Hong Kong) was launched in 2006 and it was repeated in 2009. HIV prevalence among female sex worker (FSW) in Hong Kong was found to be maintained at a low level in these two rounds of CRiSP, 0.19% and 0.05% respectively. Organized as a regular public health surveillance programme, a similar integrated biobehavioural survey for FSW, incorporated into the new HARiS (HIV/AIDS Response Indicator Survey) programme, was conducted in 2013 via commissioning to the Stanley Ho Centre for Emerging Infectious Disease, School of Public Health and Primary Care of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
This tool is the product of collaboration among sex workers, service providers, researchers, government officials and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) from around the world, as well as United Nations agencies, and development partners from the United States. The tool is aligned with the 2012 Recommendations. It also refers to a global consultation conducted with sex workers by NSWP as part of the process of developing the 2012 Recommendations. This consultation document is referred to in this tool as the “values and preferences survey”.
The Judicial Dialogue provided a critical opportunity for experience sharing between members of the judiciary and representatives of judicial training institutions from 16 countries across Asia and the Pacific, on the complex legal and human rights issues raised by the HIV epidemic. The Judicial Dialogue also benefited from the perspectives of people living with HIV, representatives of communities of men who have sex with men, transgender people, sex workers and people who use drugs.
The objectives of the workshop were to identify the laws hindering the AIDS response and build consensus on reforms needed to create an enabling legal environment for access to HIV services and to chalk out a time bound action plan identifying priorities for the amendment of punitive and discriminatory legal environment that are impeding AIDS responses.
The consultation was attended by 82 participants. The inaugural session, which was attended by eminent personalities, expressed the need for the timely intervention, while the overview of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Bangladesh painted a vivid picture to the participants in understanding the gravity of the AIDS epidemic and limitations of the current response.
The main finding from this assessment is that the Global Fund program me has contributed towards significant coverage of the population and has provided an opportunity for Malaysian NGOs to design and work towards delivering a comprehensive package of services for the sex worker population in the last one and half years. In all sites visited, there was strong evidence of the impact of the intervention in the SW community, the high commitment of the SRs to the project, and evidence of greater community understanding and acceptance of the importance of HIV prevention in the project sites.