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This is the sixth round of the IBBS study conducted among FSWs in 22 highway districts of Nepal. This survey is a part of the National HIV Surveillance Plan (2012) and National HIV and AIDS Strategy (20112016). In line with the objectives of the previous rounds of IBBS surveys, the sixth round of survey was undertaken to determine the prevalence of HIV and STIs, assess HIV and STI related risk behaviours, explore the level of awareness and understanding of HIV/STIs, record STI symptoms, account incidence of violence, as well as assess exposure to HIV intervention programs and services among FSWs in 22 highway districts of Nepal.
This Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey was carried out by Intrepid Nepal (INPL) under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) and in partnership with Save the ChildrenNepal. The existing National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2011-2016) identify Female Sex Workers (FSWs) as one of the key affected populations (KAPs) at a higher risk of spreading the HIV epidemic.
This is the sixth round of the IBBS study conducted among FSWs in 22 highway districts of Nepal. This survey is a part of the National HIV Surveillance Plan (2012) and National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2011-2016).
Keywords: Nepal, HIV, STI, FSW, clients, prevalence, sexual behavior, condom use
In many countries, however, men who have sex with men, sex workers, transgender people, and people who inject drugs are taking the lead to ensure that their peers receive the services they need. This issue of The Link highlights some of these efforts as it examines the promise of peer-led and peer-assisted interventions designed to increase access to and uptake of HIV prevention, care, and treatment services.
This new guide from the USAID- and PEPFAR-funded Health Policy Project is a flexible tool for assessing the readiness and ability of country stakeholders (including government, development partners, and civil society) to sustain HIV epidemic control among key populations when donors transition to different levels and types of funding.
The JumpStart Rap App was used to assess the organisational capacity of five MSM and transgender networks and organisations in Southeast Asia. The findings indicate capacity gaps in all 11 organisational and programmatic components of the Rap App, although the five organisations vary widely in their reach, capacity and technical support needs.
Sex workers experience extreme violence – at work, in prison and police stations, in their neighbourhoods and in their homes, from family members, police, clients, intimate partners and strangers. This violence is gender-based. Male, female and transgender sex workers are targeted because they challenge traditional gender norms and are denied fundamental human rights – to equal protection under the law, protection from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, and to the highest attainable standard of health.
This document provides ten reasons why decriminalization of sex work is the best policy for promoting the health and human rights of sex workers, their families, and communities. Decriminalization refers to the removal of all criminal and administrative prohibitions and penalties on sex work, including laws targeting clients and brothel owners. It differs from legalization, which is a legislative regime characterized by significant regulations—many of which can limit rights and protections, create mechanisms for abuse by authorities, and have other negative impacts on sex workers.
This was the fifth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance survey conducted among Female Sex Workers (FSWs) of Kathmandu Valley (Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts).
Keywords: Nepal, HIV, IBBS, FSW, prevalence, clients
Evidence, on the nature and impact of violence, as well as what works to reduce and respond to risk of harm and HIV, is increasing. In recent years, a series of key studies and global and regional guidance has been released. This brief brings together the latest findings and recommendations for advocates, programmers and policy-makers, to identify priorities and implement effective policy and program strategies for putting this growing body of knowledge into practice.
The prevalence of HIV among sex workers is 12 times greater than in the general population, but less than 1 percent of global funding for HIV is directed toward HIV and sex work. Although some HIV prevention efforts with sex workers have succeeded, many critical programming gaps remain. This brief aims to inform program implementers and policymakers on the key issues faced by sex workers, what has worked in HIV prevention efforts with sex workers, and actions that can be taken to better meet the needs of sex workers in the future.