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This Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey was carried out by National institute for Development and Research (NIDR) under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC). The existing National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2016-2021) identifies Female Sex Workers (FSWs) as one of the key affected populations (KAPs) at a higher risk of spreading the HIV epidemic. This is the sixth round of the IBBS survey conducted among FSWs in Kathmandu Valley.
This IBBS Survey among FSWs (FSWs) in Kathmandu Valley is sixth round of Survey. It was conducted first time in 2004. The survey was undertaken primarily to track the trend of HIV infection, to access information about the safe sex practices, sexual behavioral, knowledge of HIV and STI, explore the association between risk behaviors and infections with HIV or STI. More specifically, the survey was conducted to collect socio-demographic characteristics; alcohol and drug use and needle sharing behaviors; the experience of stigma, discrimination and physical, sexual and other forms of violence; and exposure to HIV and AIDs program.
The objectives are to determine national prevalence estimates and related risk behaviors for HIV and syphilis among EW, to provide data for program planning and management of STI and HIV prevention programs for EW and their clients and to evaluate HIV/syphilis prevalence and behaviors among EW.
The report prepared by UNAIDS Regional Support Team for Asia and the Pacific and AIDS Data Hub provides information on the HIV epidemic and response on female sex workers in Asia and the Pacific.
This 2015, the Epidemiology Bureau of the Department of Health (DOH-EB), together with various partners conducted several activities with the goal of updating the size estimates of KAP in the country, specifically among Males who have Sex with Males (MSM), Female Sex Workers (FSW) and Injecting Drug Users (IDU).
Keywords: HIV, IHBSS sites, national level, mapping, city
This policy has been developed in recognition of the high rates of human rights abuses experienced globally by individuals who engage in sex work; a term that Amnesty International uses only in regard to consensual exchanges between adults. It identifies the most prominent barriers to the realization of sex workers’ human rights and underlines states’ obligations to address them.
Condoms are a highly effective and widely used method to prevent transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancies.
A global consultation meeting was held in Geneva, Switzerland, from 6 to 7 November 2014, to reaffirm the critical role of male and female condoms as part of combination HIV prevention, to shape an agenda to scale up condom promotion and distribution, and to identify strategies to overcome bottlenecks in scaling up.
Keywords: HIV, prevention, female condoms and lubricants
Female sex workers (FSW) is one of the at-risk populations of HIV infection. In order to keep track the HIV prevalence and the related risky behaviours among this population, the first Community Based Risk Behavioural and Seroprevalence Survey for Female Sex Worker in Hong Kong (CRiSP) was launched in 2006 and repeated in 2009. Both surveys showed low HIV prevalence with the results of 0.19% and 0.05% respectively.
Keywords: Hong Kong, HIV, FSW, STI, sexual behaviours, testing
This Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) survey was carried out by Intrepid Nepal (INPL) under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) and in partnership with Save the Children-Nepal. The existing National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2011-2016) identifies Female Sex Workers (FSWs) as one of the key affected populations (KAPs) at a higher risk of spreading the HIV epidemic. This is the sixth round of the IBBS survey conducted among FSWs in 22 highway districts of Nepal. The survey is a part of the National HIV Surveillance Plan (2012) and National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2011-2016). In line with the objectives of the previous rounds of the IBBS surveys, the sixth round of the survey was undertaken to determine the trends of HIV and STIs prevalence, assess HIV and STI-related risk behaviors, explore the level of awareness and understanding of HIV/STIs, record STI symptoms, account incidence of violence, as well as assess exposure to HIV intervention programs and services among FSWs in 22 Terai highway districts of Nepal.
Nepal is reported to have "concentrated epidemic," that means only a few "high-risk behavior groups" have HIV prevalence more than 5 %. In Nepal, the high-risk behavior groups are identified as Female Sex Workers (FSWs), people who inject drugs (PWID) and migrant population. This fifth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance (IBBS) survey in Pokhara valley was conducted with the purpose of exploring the prevalence of HIV and STIs (syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia)among the female sex workers (FSWs). Besides, it aims to monitor the trends of HIV and STIs prevalence and also the relevant risk behaviors among these group so that the findings from it could be importantly used for planning strategy for HIV/STIs prevention programs and reducing HIV/STIs transmission. The survey was carried out by SAIPAL under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD control (NCASC) in collaboration with Save the Children – Nepal.