When Sex Work and Drug Use Overlap: Considerations for Advocacy and Practice. Ditmore MH. (2013)

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The report examines the multiple and varied contexts within which drug use (including use of alcohol and non-psychoactive substances, including some hormones and image- and performance-enhancing drugs) and sex work overlap. It provides a snapshot of available evidence on the factors that contribute to vulnerability among people who sell sex and use drugs. Drawing on experience from the harm reduction and sex work communities, the report explores implications for practice, highlighting existing programmes that reach people who sell sex and use drugs around the world, and offering practical suggestions on how programmes can better serve this overlapping population. While this broad and complex area cannot be explored in depth within a document of this length, the report aims to draw attention to this often neglected area, and inform policy and programmatic discussions.

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Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2012. Statistics Indonesia (Badan Pusat Statistik—BPS), National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN), Kementerian Kesehatan (Kemenkes—MOH), and ICF International. (2013)

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The 2012 IDHS was specifically designed to meet the following objectives:
• Provide data on fertility, family planning, maternal and child health, adult mortality (including maternal mortality), and awareness of AIDS/STIs to program managers, policymakers, and researchers to help them evaluate and improve existing programs;
• Measure trends in fertility and contraceptive prevalence rates, and analyze factors that affect such changes, such as marital status and patterns, residence, education, breastfeeding habits, and knowledge, use, and availability of contraception;
• Evaluate the achievement of goals previously set by national health programs, with special focus on maternal and child health;
• Assess married men’s knowledge of utilization of health services for their family’s health, as well as participation in the health care of their families;
• Participate in creating an international database that allows cross-country comparisons that can be used by the program managers, policymakers, and researchers in the areas of family planning, fertility, and health in general.

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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Female Sex Workers in 22 Terai Highway Districts of Nepal 2012. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. (2012)

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This is the fifth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey (IBBS) conducted among Female Sex Workers (FSWs) of 22 Terai Highway Districts. This was a cross-sectional survey in which a total of 610 Female Sex Workers (FSWs) were recruited; out of the total respondents, 400 were recruited from 16 districts domain and remaining 210 were recruited from 16 districts domain.

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Prevention and Treatment of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections for Sex Workers in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Vuylsteke B, Baggaley R, Butler J, et al (2012)

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Sex workers in many places are highly vulnerable to HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) due to multiple factors, including large numbers of sex partners, unsafe working conditions and barriers to the negotiation of consistent condom use. Moreover, sex workers often have little control over these factors because of social marginalization and criminalized work environments. Alcohol, drug use and violence in some settings may further exacerbate their vulnerability and risk. 

 

 

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Results of the 2012 Surveillance of HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections and Associated Risk Behaviors: The Second Generation PDA-based HIV Surveillance among Venue-based FSWs in 12 Selected Provinces of Thailand. Poonkesorn S and Namwong T. (2014)

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The Bureau of Epidemiology has conducted an HIV surveillance among direct and indirect sex workers since 1989 to monitor and control HIV epidemic. This has empowered sex workers and enabled them to negotiate for safer sex and condom use, leading to proactive service delivery and consistent access to STI services.

 

Keywords: HIV, sex work, prevalence, prevention, clients, knowledge

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Askim Na Save (Ask and Understand): People Who Sell and Exchange Sex in Port Moresby. Kelly A, Kupul M, Man WYN, et al (2011)

Askim Na Save (Ask and Understand): People Who Sell and Exchange Sex in Port Moresby. Kelly A, Kupul M, Man WYN, et al (2011) Askim na Save (Ask and Understand): People who sell and exchange sex in Port Moresby is a comprehensive bio-behavioural study of sex work in Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea. The study was designed to fill gaps in knowledge about the sex industry in PNG and to map the sale and exchange of sex in Port Moresby to create a richer and more detailed understanding of sex workers and their vulnerability to HIV.

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Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey 2010 - Preliminary Report. National Institute of Statistics Ministry of Planning, Directorate General for Health and MEASURE DHS (2011)

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The sample was designed such that resulting statistics can be calculated for the country as a whole and for urban and rural areas. Survey estimates can also be reported for 19 study domains. Fourteen of the 19 domains are individual provinces: Banteay Mean Chey, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Kampong Thom, Kandal, Kratie, Phnom Penh, Prey Veng, Pursat, Siem Reap, Svay Rieng, Takeo and Otdar Mean , Chey,


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Final Report on Mapping Geographical and Service Delivery Gaps and Estimating Size of Street, Hotel and Residence Based Female Sex Workers in Bangladesh. National AIDS/STD Programme and Save the Children (2011)

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HIV and AIDS as a public health threat do not require rational for continued worldwide attention. Complicated disease transmission cycle, complex human interaction and paucity of reliable data have positioned the issue as primary health concern across the globe. Periodic global data on HIV and AIDS prevalence, incidence and people living with the disease has reported a decline which is primarily attributable to the reduction in incidence.


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Male Use of Female Sex Work in India: A Nationally Representative Behavioural Survey. Gaffey MF, Venkatesh S, Dhingra N, et al (2011)

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Heterosexual transmission of HIV in India is driven by the male use of female sex workers (FSW), but few studies have examined the factors associated with using FSW. This nationally representative study examined the prevalence and correlates of FSW use among 31,040 men aged 15–49 years in India in 2006. Nationally, about 4% of men used FSW in the previous year, representing about 8.5 million FSW clients.


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Mapping and Size Estimation of Most At Rist Population in Nepal Vol. 1 Male Sex Workers, Transgenders & Their Clients. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control, Nepal (2011)

MTCs final_report

Nepal conducted a mapping and size estimation exercise of Most At Risk Population (MARPs) in consideration of the epidemic’s nature, availability of limited information on the MARP groups of Female Sex Workers (FSWs), Male Sex Workers,Transgenders and their Clients (MTCs), and Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) as well as the need for a more robust and evidence informed response to HIV for maximizing results

 

 

 

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