The National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) conducts Integrated Biological behavioral survey at regular interval among Key Affected Populations (KAPs). The existing National HIV and AIDS Strategy (2011-2016) identifies that People who Inject Drugs (PWIDs), Female Sex Workers (FSWs) and their clients, Male Labor Migrants (MLMs) and their spouses, and Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) are the key affected populations (KAPs) (NCASC, 2014). The surveys help to assess the prevalence of HIV and AIDS and STIs among them and the risk behavior related to it.
This is the fifth round of survey conducted among males who inject drugs in 7 highway districts in Terai from Western to Far-western region of Nepal. A total of 300 men were selected as the sample among the ones who met the criteria of the study population. The study found that there is a prevalence of HIV, Syphilis, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in the study population. The drug injecting and sexual risk behavior related to HIV and AIDS, STIs, HBV and HCV was assessed and the knowledge of the PWIDs related to prevention of HIV and AIDS, STIs and HCV and their behavior seeking health care was also identified.
Keywords: Nepal, HIV, STI, PWID, hepatitis C, sexual behavior, treatment