|The HIV epidemic remains a major global public health challenge, with a total of 33.4 million people living with HIV worldwide. In 2008 alone, 2.7 million people were newly infected with HIV. Since 2006, when United Nations Member States committed to scaling up services and interventions towards the goal of universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support by 2010, the WHO, UNICEF and UNAIDS Secretariat has sought to monitor key components of the health sector response to the HIV epidemic worldwide. This report, the fourth annual progress report published since 2006, assesses the situation at the end of 2009, one year before the universal access target. It compiles information from 183 of the 192 United Nations Member States, comprising 144 low- and middle-income countries and 39 high-income countries, on the status of the global health sector response to HIV, progress made and remaining challenges to achieving universal access.
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