Public Health and HIV Viral Load Suppression. UNAIDS. (2017)


The primary purpose of antiretroviral therapy is to keep people living with HIV in good health. In the large majority of people living with HIV, antiretroviral medication can be chosen that reduce the amount of HIV in the blood to levels that are undetectable by standard laboratory tests. It can take some months to reduce viral levels to undetectable levels and allow the immune system to begin to recover.


Keywords: HIV, PLHIV, treatment, health services


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Donor Government Funding for HIV in Low- and Middle-Income Countries in 2016. Kates J, Wexler A, Lief E and UNAIDS. (2017)


This report provides the latest data on donor government resources available to address HIV in low- and middle-income countries. It is part of a collaborative effort between UNAIDS and the Kaiser Family Foundation that began more than a decade ago, just as new global initiatives were being launched to address the epidemic. This current report provides data on donor government disbursements in 2016, the most recent year available.

Keywords: HIV, AIDS, investment, economic


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Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance in Pakistan 2016-17. National AIDS Control Program. (2017)


This report provides biological and behavioural information related to HIV infection among four key populations: People who inject drugs (PWID), Men who have sex with men (MSM), Transgender populations and Female Sex Workers (FSWs). Data were collected in 23 sites including Punjab, 6 in Sind and 2 each in Baluchistan and KPK. The mapping data provided sampling frames, and diverse sampling techniques were used to draw representative samples of the key populations from these selected cities. Behavioral data were gathered from these population samples using a structured questionnaire covering socio-demographic information and risk behavior indicators identified from the literature on HIV.


Keywords: HIV, STI, IBBS, prevalence, knowledge, violence, discrimination


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Mapping Key Populations in Pakistan 2015-16. National AIDS Control Program. (2016)


The Overall objective of this mapping study was to update population size estimates of selected key populations (PWID, FSWs, MSM & TGs) to create evidence for developing action plans for HIV prevention interventions in Pakistan. A total number of 23 cities/towns were selected for Mapping. This included 13 cities in Punjab province, 6 in Sindh Province and 2 cities each in KPK and Baluchistan provinces. 



Keywords: HIV, PWID, FSWs, MSM, TGs, planning, estimates


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WHO Implementation Tool for Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) of HIV Infection. WHO. (2017)


Following the WHO recommendation in September 2015 that “oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) should be offered as an additional prevention choice for people at substantial risk of HIV infection as part of combination HIV prevention approaches”, partners in countries expressed the need for practical advice on how to consider the introduction of PrEP and start implementation.

In response, WHO has developed this series of modules to support the implementation of PrEP among a range of populations in different settings. 


Keywords: HIV, PrEP, planning, prevention, testing

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Module 1: Clinical


Module 2: Community Educators and Advocates


Module 3: Counsellors


Module 4: Leaders


Module 5: Monitoring and Evaluation


Module 6: Pharmacists


Module 7: Regulatory Officials


Module 8: Site Planning


Module 9: Strategic Planning


Module 10: Testing Providers


Module 11: PrEP Users

Transition to New Antiretrovirals in HIV Programmes: Clinical and Programmatic Considerations. WHO. (2017)


WHO has recommended adopting drug regimens with high potency, lower toxicity, high genetic barriers to resistance, usefulness across different populations and lower cost. The use of optimized drug regimens can improve the durability of the treatment and quality of care of people living with HIV.

Adopting optimized antiretroviral (ARV) drug regimens can significantly affect the speed at which the 90 –90 –90 targets are achieved, enhancing access to treatment and improving treatment outcomes with impact on treatment adherence, viral suppression and the quality of life of people living with HIV, reducing pressures on health systems and the risk of HIV transmission.

Keywords: HIV, ARV, drugs, TB, treatment


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HIV/AIDS and ART Registry of the Philippines: May 2017. Epidemiology Bureau, Department of Health. (2017)


In May 2017, there were 1,098 new HIV antibody sero-positive individuals reported to the HIV/AIDS & ART Registry of the Philippines (HARP). This was 48% higher as compared with the same reporting period last year (741) and also the highest recorded cases ever since 1984. Eightyseven percent of those were asymptomatic at the time of reporting.


Keywords: HIV, AIDS cases, ART, PLHIV, mode of transmission, newly diagnosed


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Novel Point-of-care Tools for Early Infant Diagnosis of HIV. WHO. (2017)


The advent of point-of-care (POC) Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) technologies is a breakthrough that creates the opportunity to increase coverage of EID testing. It will allow same-day test results and enable the initiation of earlier treatment, as well as address some of the key limitations of conventional EID networks – in particular long turnaround times for tests and high rates of loss to follow up.

Keywords: HIV, infants, diagnosis, testing, treatment



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Guidelines on the Public Health Response to Pretreatment HIV Drug Resistance. WHO. (2017)


This publication provides guidance on the public health response to pretreatment HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) to non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) among people without prior antiretroviral (ARV) drug exposure or people with prior ARV exposure who are initiating or reinitiating first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART).

It also provides the consensus prevalence or threshold of pretreatment HIVDR to NNRTIs at which specific public health actions are triggered. This publication is a supplement to Chapter 4 of the 2016 WHO consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection (2016 WHO consolidated ARV guidelines).


Keywords: HIVDR, ART, treatment, response, drug resistance


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Guidelines for the Managing Advanced HIV Disease and Rapid Initiation of Antiretroviral Therapy. WHO. (2017)


The objectives of these guidelines are to provide recommendations outlining a public health approach to managing people presenting with advanced HIV disease, and to provide guidance on the timing of initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for all people living with HIV. 


Keywords: HIV, ART, diagnosis, treatment, vaccination


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