UNAIDS Gender Action Plan 2018–2023 — A Framework for Accountability. UNAIDS. (2018)


Gender equality in the workplace is a human right and critical to the performance and effectiveness of UNAIDS. Organizations with more equal representation of women at the senior management level considerably outperform their counterparts with a lower representation of women in senior positions. Gender-balanced teams have greater potential for creativity and innovation and contribute to better outcomes in decisionmaking. The centrality of advancing gender equality, including through the achievement of gender parity, is increasingly being recognized, as signalled by the historic System-wide Strategy on Gender Parity, launched by the United Nations Secretary-General in 2017.

Keywords: gender equality, women, empowerment, human rights


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Survive, Thrive, Transform — Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health (2016–2030) — 2018 Monitoring Report: Current Status and Strategic Priorities. WHO, UNAIDS, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNWomen, The World Bank Group. (2018)


The report sets out the status of women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health, and on health systems and social and environmental determinants. Regional dashboards on 16 key indicators highlight where progress is being made or lagging. There is progress overall, but not at the level required to achieve the 2030 goals. There are some areas where progress has stalled or is reversing, namely neonatal mortality, gender inequalities and health in humanitarian settings. The report also highlights new evidence with a special focus on early childhood development as a foundation for health and well-being across the life course. There are new estimates on the causes of death in children older than 5 years; most are preventable. Each section of the report highlights strategic priorities, interventions and approaches that could help countries address challenges and accelerate progress.

Keywords: UHC, women, children, adolescent, health


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LINKAGES Capacity Development Midline Assessment: Tracking Progress Towards Performance Improvement. Pact. (2018)


The Linkages across the Continuum of HIV Services for Key Populations Affected by HIV (LINKAGES) project conducts a range of HIV prevention activities to reduce HIV transmission among key populations (sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender persons and people who inject drugs) and to improve their enrollment and retention in care. These reports offer up-to-date knowledge that can be used to strengthen HIV and AIDS programming for key populations worldwide.


Keywords: HIV, assessment, key populations, data analysis


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Manual for Male Circumcision under Local Anaesthesia and HIV Prevention Services for Adolescent Boys and Men. WHO. (2018)


Safety and people-centred health services are top priority as male circumcision is implemented to reduce the risk of HIV among men in high burden countries. WHO and Jhpiego are launching the 2018 Manual for Male Circumcision under local anesthesia and other HIV prevention services for adolescent boys and men to support the ongoing delivery of high quality services. Since the 2007 WHO and UNAIDS recommendation to add male circumcision as an intervention in a package of services to reduce men’s risk of heterosexually acquiring HIV, extensive practical experience has been gained and lessons learned.

Keywords: HIV, prevention, male circumcision, counselling 

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Chapter 1. Overview of Male Circumcision as an HIV Prevention Strategy

Chapter 2. An Opportunity for Expanded Services for Adolescent Boys and Men

Chapter 3. Facilities, Supplies and Infrastructure for Male Circumcision Programmes

Chapter 4. Recordkeeping, Reporting and Quality Assurance

Chapter 5. Infection Prevention and Control 

Chapter 6. Educating and Counselling Clients, and Obtaining Informed Consent

Chapter 7. Preprocedure Screening of Clients and Preparations for the Circumcision Procedure

Chapter 8. Basic Surgical Skills Required for Safe Circumcision

Chapter 9. Circumcision Methods for Adolescent Boys and Men

Chapter 10. Postoperative Care and Management of Adverse Events During and After Circumcision

Annex 10.3. Adverse Event Action Guide for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision by Surgery or Device, 2nd Edition

Global Prison Trends 2018. Rope O and Sheahan F. (2018)


Global Prison Trends 2018 is the fourth edition in Penal Reform International’s annual series, published in collaboration with the Thailand Institute of Justice. The report analyses trends in criminal justice and the use of imprisonment and, as in previous years, these show that while overall crime rates around the world have declined, the number of people in prison on any given day is rising.


Keywords: prisoner, women, children, justice, healthcare, laws



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Implementation of the HIV Prevention 2020 Road Map. UNAIDS. (2018)


This first progress report shows that members of the Global HIV Prevention Coalition have mobilized around strengthening HIV primary prevention. There are clear signs of renewed political commitment and strengthened institutional arrangements for planning and managing prevention programmes. Most member countries have moved fast to develop HIV prevention action plans, and there are many examples of excellent and innovative new initiatives. Furthermore, interest in the HIV prevention agenda and the Coalition is growing. A global accountability process has been set up, with score cards that track progress across a range of high-priority prevention programme areas.

Keywords: HIV, prevention, health services, new infections


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HIV/AIDS and ART Registry of the Philippines: March 2018. Epidemiology Bureau, Department of Health. (2018)


In March 2018, there were 912 new HIV antibody seropositive individuals reported to the HIV/AIDS & ART Registry of the Philippines (HARP) [Table 1]. Sixteen percent (148) had clinical manifestations of advanced HIV infection (WHO clinical stage 3 or 4) at the time of diagnosis.


Keywords: HIV, AIDS cases, ART, PLHIV, mode of transmission, newly diagnosed



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Kauntim Mi Tu : Multi-Site Summary Report from the Key Population Integrated Bio-Behavioural Survey, Papua New Guinea. Kelly-Hanku A, Willie B, Weikum D and et al. (2018)


Kauntim mi tu (KM2), an integrated bio-behavioral survey (IBBS) of women and girls who sell and exchange sex (FSW) and men who have sex with men and transgender women (MSM/TG), provides much needed information to support the scale up of essential HIV prevention and treatment services for these populations. KM2 was conducted in three cities (Port Moresby, Lae, and Mt. Hagen) between June 2016 and December 2017 using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) to recruit participants. Kauntim mi tu had two goals: 1) to conduct updated population size estimations of FSW and MSM/TG in Papua New Guinea; and 2) to collect representative bio-behavioral data about FSW and MSM/TG in order to inform HIV and STI prevention and treatment services and policy. This document presents findings among FSW in all three cities.


Keywords: HIV, STIs, TB, prevalence, risk behaviours


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Inequality in Asia and the Pacific in the Era of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. ESCAP. (2018)


Inequality in Asia and the Pacific is on the rise. Many countries, including those held up as models of dynamism and prosperity, have experienced a widening of existing gaps, accompanied by environmental degradation. Market-led growth alone is not sufficient to deliver a prosperous, sustainable future for all.

This report takes a novel approach by focusing on multiple aspects of inequality – inequality of outcomes, of opportunities and of impacts. It also pays special attention to the potentially transformative role of technology and the impact that the incipient Fourth Industrial Revolution may have on inequality. 


Keywords: health care, education, technology, protection


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Annual Report 2016-2017. UN WOMEN. (2018)


The region’s vibrant economies and societies have produced historic advances in human well-being. Women have been central to these advances, as leaders of communities and countries, as workers and innovators, as advocates for peace and security.

In 2016 and 2017, as this report amply demonstrates, UN Women played an instrumental part in mobilizing people to step up efforts to achieve gender equality and contribute to other Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by the 2030 deadline. Our efforts gave women more voice, more choice and greater safety; they included women most marginalized in their societies.


Keywords: SDGs, women, violence, education, reproductive health


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