Good Practices in TB Control Programme in SAARC Member States. SAARC Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS Centre (STAC). (2016)

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This document is prepared to provide information about good practices on Tuberculosis control in SAARC Member States. Good practices comprise examples of programmes, projects and activities that have been shown to contribute towards making interventions successful. Sharing good practices is important.

 


Keywords: SDGs, TB, HIV, AIDS, drug-resistance

 

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UNICEF Annual Report 2016. UNICEF. (2017)

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This report details the results achieved by UNICEF for and with children worldwide in 2016. It covers the organization’s programme work, humanitarian action, partnerships and advocacy efforts in all strategic sectors, with an emphasis on reaching every child and accelerating progress for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged girls and boys. The report also highlights UNICEF’s innovations, its efforts to improve efficiency and effectiveness, and the stories of individual children and families directly affected by UNICEF’s work in the course of its 70th anniversary year.

 

Keywords: HIV, AIDS, health, gender, education

 

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Narrowing the Gaps: The Power of Investing in the Poorest Children. UNICEF. (2017)

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This report provides compelling new evidence that backs up an unconventional prediction UNICEF made in 2010: The higher cost of reaching the poorest children with life-saving, high-impact health interventions would be outweighed by greater results. This new study combines modelling and data from 51 countries. The results indicate that the number of lives saved by investing in the most deprived is almost twice as high as the number saved by equivalent investment in less deprived groups.


Keywords: investment, children, health, access, poverty

 

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Statement on the Use of Child-friendly Fixed-dose Combinations for the Treatment of TB in Children. WHO and UNICEF. (2017)

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The World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF has issued a joint statement, urging all National TB Programmes to replace the previously used medicines for children weighing less than 25 kg with the child-friendly dispersible TB fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) at the soonest possible time. WHO and UNICEF advise against continued usage of the old sub-optimally dosed FDCs or adult formulations (crushed tablets), which may lead to under or over-dosing, unfavourable treatment outcomes, and high likelihood of contributing to the development of drug resistance. 


Keywords: TB, treatment, children, drug resistance

 

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Key Populations Brief: Indigenous Peoples. Stop TB Partnership. (2017)

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The world’s 370 million indigenous peoples face a plethora of issues caused by displacement, dispossession, loss of livelihood, systematic racism and abuse, and lack of recognition (1–4). Further hindering an adequate response to these challenges, there is a pervasive lack of data about indigenous peoples concerning health and other key development indicators. Data that are available show a prevalence of extreme poverty and severe health disparities that include tuberculosis (TB).

 

Keywords: TB, health, diagnosis, treatment, data

 

 

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National HIV Testing and Treatment - Guidelines 2017. National Centre for AIDS and STD Control, Nepal. (2017)

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In Nepal an HIV case was first detected in 1988. The prevalence of HIV in adults is 0.17 percent in 2016. The National Centre for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC) has taken the lead role in lowering the rate of HIV infections throughout Nepal. HIV prevalence has reduced significantly during the last decade due to effective targeted interventions among key populations and greater enrolment in treatment. The NCASC, with technical assistance of key stakeholders, has been able to follow the “test and treat approach” to reach the global target (90-90-90).

 

Keywords: HIV, ART, TB, testing, diagnosis, treatment

 

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Simplified Treatment Guidelines for Hepatitis C Infection. Ministry of Health and Sports, Myanmar. (2017)

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HCV is endemic in Myanmar, and studies carried out by the Department of Medical Research showed different prevalence rates in different population groups at different periods and by different test systems. From 2000 - 2003, research studies using Particle Agglutination (PA) showed the prevalence of anti-HCV as 2.9% in blood donors, approximately 50% in multiple transfused patients, 2.8% in peri-urban populations and 13.5% in NE border town of Myanmar. 


Keywords: HIV, HCV, prevention, treatment, testing, co-infection

 

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Regional Road Map for Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific. ESCAP. (2017)

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At the global level in 2015 countries set in motion the most far reaching and ambitious development agenda of our time, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In Asia and the Pacific, countries have already begun translating this ambitious agenda into action and many have already set up the national architecture for coordinating and promoting the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, the policy transformations required to put countries on track to achieve the SDGs have yet to take shape across this or any other region. Business as usual policies and investments are locking countries into unsustainable pathways that will create a gap between ambition and action.

 

Keywords: SDGs, data, statistics, finance, policy

 

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The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2017. United Nations. (2017)

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The report is based on the latest available data. It highlights both gains and challenges as the international community moves towards full realization of the ambitions and principles espoused in the 2030 Agenda.

While considerable progress has been made over the past decade across all areas of development, the pace of progress observed in previous years is insufficient to fully meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and targets by 2030. Time is therefore of the essence. Moreover, as the following pages show, progress has not always been equitable. Advancements have been uneven across regions, between the sexes, and among people of different ages, wealth and locales, including urban and rural dwellers. Faster and more inclusive progress is needed to accomplish the bold vision articulated in the 2030 Agenda.


Keywords: SDGs, data, agenda, development, targets

 

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Glossary of Terms Used in Drug Policy. Drug Policy Network South East Europe. (2017)

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Concepts in the field related to drug problems, including but not limited to drug policy, addiction treatment harm reduction or such, are labelled and defined in variable ways by different professions and disciplines throughout the world. Occasionally attempts have been made to standardize usage of terms related to the matter and affect the general change by reducing misunderstanding that as a long term result has reducing of stigma and discrimination. Nevertheless major challenges remain.

The World Health Organization recommended that “Terminology in national drug control legislation and policies should be clear and unambiguous in order not to confuse the use of controlled medicines for medical and scientific purposes with misuse”.

People of different backgrounds have difficulties in understanding and using proper terms related to drugs. Many of the words used to describe addiction and addicts only add to stereotypes and stigma. The language should be changed to reflect today’s greater understanding. By choosing terminology that is not stigmatizing, we can begin to dismantle the negative stereotype associated with addiction.

 

Keywords: drug, policy, terminology, definition

 

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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