Report of the Expert Group Meeting on the Implementation of the Outcome of the Asia-Pacific High-Level Intergovernmental Meeting on the Assessment of Progress Against Commitments in the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goal

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Report of the Expert Group Meeting on the Implementation of the Outcome of the Asia-Pacific High-Level Intergovernmental Meeting on the Assessment of Progress Against Commitments in the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals. ESCAP, UNAIDS and UNDP. (2013)

The Expert Group Meeting on the Implementation of the Outcome of the Asia-Pacific High-level Intergovernmental Meeting on the Assessment of Progress against Commitments in the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals, was organized by the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) in cooperation with UNAIDS and UNDP, on 11 December 2013 in Bangkok.

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Transaction Prices for Antiretroviral Medicines from 2009 to 2012. WHO. (2013)

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The Global Price Reporting Mechanism (GPRM) contains information on transaction prices, sources and quantities of antiretroviral medicines (ARVs), tuberculosis and malaria drugs and HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria diagnostics purchased by HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria programmes in low-income countries1, lower middle-income countries2 and upper middle-income countries. Countries have been classified according to the World Bank Atlas calculation method.

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Resource Book for Applicants - The Global Fund's New Funding Model. The Global Fund. (2014)

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The purpose of this Resource Book is to provide an overview of how the new funding model will work for Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCMs), other applicants and key stakeholders. This guide offers practical information on the different stages of the funding cycle, along with guidance on best practices learned from early applicants. Supporting resources and tools available related to each stage are also indicated.

 

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When Sex Work and Drug Use Overlap: Considerations for Advocacy and Practice. Ditmore MH. (2013)

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The report examines the multiple and varied contexts within which drug use (including use of alcohol and non-psychoactive substances, including some hormones and image- and performance-enhancing drugs) and sex work overlap. It provides a snapshot of available evidence on the factors that contribute to vulnerability among people who sell sex and use drugs. Drawing on experience from the harm reduction and sex work communities, the report explores implications for practice, highlighting existing programmes that reach people who sell sex and use drugs around the world, and offering practical suggestions on how programmes can better serve this overlapping population. While this broad and complex area cannot be explored in depth within a document of this length, the report aims to draw attention to this often neglected area, and inform policy and programmatic discussions.

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Southeast Asia Opium Survey 2013 - Lao PDR, Myanmar. UNODC. (2013)

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A total area of over 62,000 hectare of opium poppy cultivation took place in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Myanmar and Thailand in 2013. In order to assess the scope of opium poppy cultivation and opium production in the region, UNODC has been conducting opium surveys in cooperation with the Government of Lao PDR since 1992 and the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (GOUM) since 2002, while Thailand established its own monitoring system. This report contains the results of the 2013 UNODC-supported opium poppy cultivation surveys in Lao PDR and Myanmar. In addition, the results from the opium poppy surveys implemented by the Government of Thailand are presented in this regional overview.

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Patterns and Trends of Amphetamine-Type Stimulants and Other Drugs: Challenges for Asia and the Pacific 2013. UNODC. (2013)

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This report provides an overview of the ATS situation in the region. It outlines several key issues and emerging threats throughout the region and their implications for the neighbouring regions. While the data presented point towards the increased efforts by the countries in the region to tackle the ATS problem, it also highlights the need for continued and joint efforts, both at the national as well as regional levels. It is hoped that this report and the forthcoming national and regional updates, will help in the better understanding of the ATS problem and in designing effective strategies to combat it.

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“They Treat Us Like Animals” Mistreatment of Drug Users and “Undesirables” in Cambodia’s Drug Detention Centers. Human Rights Watch. (2013)

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There are currently eight drug detention centers spread throughout Cambodia that, at any point in time, collectively hold around 1,000 men, women, and children. Most are confined for three to six months— although some detentions last up to 18 months. According to government statistics, some 2,200 people were confined in these centers during 2012. The majority of detainees are young men between 18 and 25 years old, although at least 10% of the total population is children.

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The State of the World's Children 2014 in Numbers - Every Child Counts. UNICEF. (2013)

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Much has changed in the decades since the first indicators of child well-being were presented. But the basic idea has not: Credible data about children’s situations are critical to the improvement of their lives – and indispensable to realizing the rights of every child.

Data continue to support advocacy and action on behalf of the world’s 2.2 billion children, providing governments with facts on which to base decisions and actions to improve children’s lives. And new ways of collecting and using data will help target investments and interventions to reach the most vulnerable children.

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Access Challenges for HIV Treatment among People Living with HIV and Key Populations in Middle-Income Countries. Zaidi S. (2013)

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Middle-income countries (MICs) are facing a crisis of containing costs for treating people living with HIV. These countries carry a high burden of HIV, and transmission of the virus is often concentrated amongst key populations: people who inject drug (PWID), men who have sex with men (MSM), sex workers (SW), transgender (TG), prisoners and migrants. The highest numbers and the highest prevalence of PWID with HIV are in East and Southeast Asia (17 percent), Eastern Europe (27 percent), and Latin America (29 percent). HIV prevalence is on average 13 times higher among MSM compared to the general population. In most parts of the world, sex workers experience higher prevalence of HIV than the general population. Access to treatment can be a challenge for key populations given the structural barriers such as laws and legislation that criminalize their behavior, stigma and discrimination, and lack of general acceptance in society.

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A Time for Urgent Action: Responding to the HIV Epidemic among People who Inject Drugs in Cebu City. The Philippines Department of Health, Philippines Cebu City Health Department and WHO.

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An explosive HIV epidemic among PWID exists in Cebu City. In 2008 HIV transmission was primarily due to sexual contact (90%), but by 2012 it was injecting drug use (77%). The 2011 biological and behavioural surveillance in Cebu City reported HIV prevalence among PWID to be 54%, with Hepatitis C prevalence reaching 94%. The same study found 15% of freelance female sex workers had injected drugs and among male injectors 24% reported same sex behaviours. There are an estimated 6000 PWID in metro Cebu, with 2000 - 2500 PWID in Cebu City, of which the majority share their injecting equipment; many are sexually active, resulting in spread of HIV to their non-injecting wives/ partners and then possibly to their babies. The current public health crisis requires an urgent and well coordinated response.

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