Guidelines for the Diagnosis, Prevention and Management of Cryptococcal Disease in HIV-infected Adults, Adolescents and Children. WHO. (2018)


These guidelines provide recommendations and good practice guidance on the optimal approach to diagnosing cryptococcal meningitis, strategies for preventing invasive cryptococcal disease through cryptococcal antigen screening and pre-emptive fluconazole therapy, treating cryptococcal meningitis with combination antifungal therapy regimens, preventing, monitoring and managing amphotericin B drug toxicity, recommendations against adjunctive therapy with systemic corticosteroids and recommendations on the timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation.

Keywords: HIV, diagnosis, drugs, treatment


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International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education. UNESCO. (2018)


The International technical guidance on sexuality education (the Guidance) was developed to assist education, health and other relevant authorities in the development and implementation of school-based and out-of-school comprehensive sexuality education programmes and materials. It is immediately relevant for government education ministers and their professional staff, including curriculum developers, school principals and teachers. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs), youth workers and young people can also use the document as an advocacy or accountability tool, for example by sharing it with decision-makers as a guide to best practices and/or for its integration within broader agendas, such as the SDGs. The Guidance is also useful for anyone involved in the design, delivery and evaluation of sexuality education programmes both in and out of school, including stakeholders working on quality education, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), adolescent health and/or gender equality, among other issues.

Keywords: HIV, education, young people, sexual and reproductive health


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Latent TB Infection: Updated and Consolidated Guidelines for Programmatic Management. WHO. (2018)


These new guidelines supersede previous WHO policy documents on the management of LTBI in people living with HIV, household contacts of people with active TB, other groups at risk of developing TB, and for LTBI testing. The consolidated guidelines are expected to provide the basis and rationale for the development of national guidelines for LTBI management, adapted to the national and local epidemiology of TB, the availability of resources, the health infrastructure and other national and local determinants. 

Keywords: HIV, TB, treatment, testing, children 

Download Guidelines, Annex 2, Annex 3 and Executive Summary

Manual for Male Circumcision under Local Anaesthesia and HIV Prevention Services for Adolescent Boys and Men. WHO. (2018)


Safety and people-centred health services are top priority as male circumcision is implemented to reduce the risk of HIV among men in high burden countries. WHO and Jhpiego are launching the 2018 Manual for Male Circumcision under local anesthesia and other HIV prevention services for adolescent boys and men to support the ongoing delivery of high quality services. Since the 2007 WHO and UNAIDS recommendation to add male circumcision as an intervention in a package of services to reduce men’s risk of heterosexually acquiring HIV, extensive practical experience has been gained and lessons learned.

Keywords: HIV, prevention, male circumcision, counselling 

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Chapter 1. Overview of Male Circumcision as an HIV Prevention Strategy

Chapter 2. An Opportunity for Expanded Services for Adolescent Boys and Men

Chapter 3. Facilities, Supplies and Infrastructure for Male Circumcision Programmes

Chapter 4. Recordkeeping, Reporting and Quality Assurance

Chapter 5. Infection Prevention and Control 

Chapter 6. Educating and Counselling Clients, and Obtaining Informed Consent

Chapter 7. Preprocedure Screening of Clients and Preparations for the Circumcision Procedure

Chapter 8. Basic Surgical Skills Required for Safe Circumcision

Chapter 9. Circumcision Methods for Adolescent Boys and Men

Chapter 10. Postoperative Care and Management of Adverse Events During and After Circumcision

Annex 10.3. Adverse Event Action Guide for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision by Surgery or Device, 2nd Edition

Safety and Security Toolkit: Strengthening the Implementation of HIV Programs for and with Key Populations. The International HIV/AIDS Alliance and the LINKAGES Project. (2018)


The toolkit has three section: first is a review of safety and security challenges and their impact on HIV programming, and promising practices and recommendations to address these challenges.  Secondly, three practical checklists help programme implementers systematically identify strengths and weaknesses in their efforts to protect organisations, individuals, and implementation sites. Last is an annotated bibliography of safety and security resources.

Keywords: HIV, key populations, violence, human rights


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WHO Treatment Guidelines for Isoniazid-resistant Tuberculosis: Supplement to the WHO Treatment Guidelines for Drug-resistant Tuberculosis. WHO. (2018)


The emergence of drug-resistant TB is a major global health concern, which threatens the ambitious goals and progress set under the End TB Strategy. Isoniazid-resistant TB, which is present in 8% of TB cases worldwide, reduces treatment success in patients treated with the standard 6-month first-line regimen.


The new WHO recommendations for the treatment of isoniazid-resistant, rifampicin-susceptible TB are based upon a review of evidence from patients treated with such regimens by a Guideline Development Group in conformity with WHO requirements for evidence-based policies.

Keywords: TB, drug-resistant, treatment, medicines

Download Guidelines, Frequently Asked Questions and Annexes

World TB Day 2018 Campaign Advocacy and Communication Toolkit. Stop TB Partnership and WHO. (2018)

Each year we commemorate World TB Day on March 24 to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic impact of tuberculosis (TB) and urge acceleration of efforts to end the global TB epidemic.
The aim of this campaign, starting on 19 March, the week of the World TB Day date, is to build overarching commitment and leadership at the highest level to End TB.
Keywords: TB, HIV, MDR-TB, investment, advocacy materials

Advocating for Change for Adolescents! A Practical Toolkit for Young People to Advocate for Improved Adolescent Health and Wellbeing. WHO. (2017)


This toolkit was developed by young people, for young people, to be used by networks of youth-led and youth-serving organizations to change the world! The toolkit will also be useful for others, including civil society groups, government departments and everyone concerned with adolescent health and well-being. The purpose of this toolkit is to guide the design, implementation and monitoring of an effective national advocacy action roadmap to bring about positive policy-specific changes to improve the health and well-being of adolescents.


Keywords: health, advocacy, national policies, strategies and plans


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Biobehavioural Survey Guidelines for Populations at Risk for HIV. WHO, CDC, UNAIDS and FHI 360. (2017)


The guidelines fill a gap in providing tools for surveying HIV prevalence in key populations, and the included questionnaires may also inform general population surveys.

Currently, many researchers undertake surveys using country-specific indicators. These guidelines standardize the conduct of biobehavioural surveys to permit comparisons between as well as within countries over time. The use of common indicators allows for uniformity in the measurement of items and production of data that can be used by various global, regional, national and local actors in planning prevention and treatment services, tracking progress in the provision of HIV prevention and treatment services, and identifying gaps in access to services.

Keywords: HIV, key populations, health services

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Consolidated Guideline on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of Women Living with HIV - Executive Summary. WHO. (2017)


This guideline responds to requests from organizations, institutions and individuals for guidance which consolidates existing recommendations specific to women living with HIV along with new recommendations and good practice statements. It is expected to support front-line health-care providers, programme managers and public health policy-makers around the world to better address the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of women living with HIV.

Keywords: HIV, gender, human rights, health care, good practice


Download Executive Summary


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