Briefing Paper: Drug Dependence Treatment in China: A Policy Analysis. Tibke P. (2017)

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Drug use and supply have been a sensitive and high-priority issue for successive governments in China since at least the Opium Wars in the mid-19th century. China’s policy response to drug use relies on punishment and coercion as central components, including compulsory detoxification, detention in labour camps or so-called ‘rehabilitation’ facilities, and compulsory registration with law enforcement authorities resulting in surveillance and random interrogations. 

 

Yet, in the late-1990s, in a policy move that appeared to emphasize healthcare instead of punishment for people who inject drugs, China began implementing the world’s largest scale-up provision of opioid substitution therapy (OST) and needle and syringe programmes (NSP) – two critical harm reduction measures for preventing HIV transmission. However, the overall approach towards people who use drugs remains punitive and stigmatising in China. As drug use continues to rise and expand across a greater range of drugs (especially synthetic drugs such as methamphetamine), as well as amongst younger age groups, China requires a comprehensive system of evidence-based and humane drug treatment and harm reduction services capable of advancing the health and quality of life of individuals and communities.

 

Keywords: China, HIV, PWID, NSPs and OST, drugs, health, law

 

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Patients Helping Patients Understand Opioid Substitution Treatment. Chapman J, Fowler A, Mackenzie B, et al. (2017)

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This handbook has been written by a group of patients in British Columbia. We all have long experience with medication-assisted treatments for opioid dependence. The language about drug use is complex. The latest version of the manual that defines diseases and disorders (DSM-V) no longer refers to “dependence” and uses “addiction” instead. In this handbook, we continue to use “dependence” to refer to our experience of “needing the drug” and significant withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit or cut down on our use. Deciding to seek help is an important step in any process of recovery. You are making a wise decision to seek help now. People dependent on opioid drugs and not receiving opioid substitution treatment (OST) are many times more likely to die or be seriously harmed by problem drug use.


Keywords: HIV/AIDS, OST, testing, harm reduction, stigma

 

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Global Priority List of Antibiotic-resistant Bacteria to Guide Research, Discovery, and Development of New Antibiotics. WHO. (2017)

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The World Health Organization was requested by Member States to develop a global priority pathogens list (global PPL) of antibiotic-resistant bacteria to help in prioritizing the research and development (R&D) of new and effective antibiotic treatments. To date, the selection of pathogens for R&D activities has been largely guided by small and large pharmaceutical companies according to a variety of parameters, such as perceived/unmet medical need, pressure of investors, market size, scientific discovery potential, and availability of specific technologies. Previous PPLs, issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Keywords: new antibiotics, treatment, drugs, antibiotic resistance

 

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WHO Recommendations on Antenatal Care for a Positive Pregnancy Experience. WHO. (2016)

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Within the continuum of reproductive health care, antenatal care (ANC) provides a platform for important healthcare functions, including health promotion, screening and diagnosis, and disease prevention. It has been established that, by implementing timely and appropriate evidence-based practices, ANC can save lives.

 

Endorsed, by the UN Secretary-General, this is a comprehensive WHO guideline on routine ANC for pregnant women and adolescent girls. It aims to complement existing WHO guidelines on the management of specific pregnancy-related complications. The guidance aims to capture the complex nature of the issues surrounding ANC health care practices and delivery, and to prioritize person-centred health and well-being, not only the prevention of death and morbidity, in accordance with a human rights-based approach.

 

 

Keywords: ANC, women, pregnancy, children, adolescent

 

 

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An Assessment of Decentralization of Antiretroviral Therapy in Myanmar. Htun Nyunt Oo, Fujita M, Yu D, Ye Nyunt, et al. (2016)

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ART is being rapidly scaled up in Myanmar, led by National AIDS Programme (NAP) and supported by many partners.
Decentralization of HIV care and treatment to township and peripheral levels brings services closer to where those in need reside.
ART decentralization assessment conducted to 13 decentralized ART sites in March 2015 by a joint team of national and international experts. 

 

 

Keywords: HIV, ART, PLHIV, NGO, services

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On the Fast-Track to an AIDS-Free Generation. UNAIDS. (2016)

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The Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive (Global Plan) was launched in June 2011. It prioritizes the 22 countries1 that, in 2009, accounted for 90% of the global number of pregnant women living with HIV who were in need of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This report summarizes the history and development of the Global Plan, its achievements in reaching ambitious goals, lessons learned and directions for future progress to end new HIV infections among children.

 

Keywords: HIV, infections, children, prevention, antiretroviral medicines, pregnant women, breastfeeding

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Infographics: World Antibiotic Awareness Week. WHO. (2016)

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This year World Antibiotic Awareness Week will be held from 14 to 20 November 2016. The campaign aims to increase awareness of global antibiotic resistance and to encourage best practices among the general public, health workers, policy-makers and the agriculture sector to avoid the further emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance.


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- Causes of antibiotic resistance

 

- How it spreads

 

- What you can do

 

- What policy makers can do

 

- What the agriculture sector can do

 

- What health workers can do

 

- What dentists can do

 

- What doctors can do

 

- What hospital and clinic managers can do

 

- What midwives can do

 

- What nurses can do

 

- What pharmacists can do

10th Meeting Report: Asia-Pacific Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission of HIV Task Force. UNICEF. (2016)

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The 10th Asia-Pacific United Nations Prevention of Parent-To-Child Transmission (PPTCT) of HIV and Syphilis Task Force meeting was held from 15 to 17 September 2015 in Beijing, China. More than 230 participants from 19 Asia-Pacific countries, including 90 participants from provinces in China, as well as civil society and United Nations partners attended the meeting. The meeting focused on steps towards achieving and validating the elimination of parent-to-child transmission (EPTCT) of infectious diseases, and the integration of services to contribute to improving maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes.


Keywords: EPTCT, HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis, ART, children, infant

 

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Policy Brief: WHO Recommends Assistance for People with HIV to Notify their Partners. WHO. (2016)

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The sexual partners and drug injecting partners of people diagnosed with HIV infection have an increased probability of also being HIV-positive.
Assisted HIV partner notification services are a simple and effective way to reach these partners, many of whom are undiagnosed and unaware of their HIV exposure, and may welcome support and an opportunity to test for HIV.
Assisted partner notification has been an important public health approach in infectious disease management for decades, including in programmes for sexually transmitted infections and tuberculosis, but has not been routinely implemented for people with HIV.


Keywords: HIV, partner, public health, testing, services

 

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Elimination of Parent-to-Child-Transmission of HIV and Syphilis in Asia and the Pacific in 2015 and Beyond. UNICEF. (2016)

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Syphilis, a sexually transmitted bacterial infection, affects almost 40 million people worldwide. Like HIV, it can be passed from a pregnant woman to her unborn child. In pregnancy, if untreated, syphilis can result in severe outcomes for mother and infant. Yet, transmission can be effectively prevented with inexpensive and easily available penicillin treatment for pregnant women.6 Recognizing the opportunity to test and treat mothers and babies during antenatal or perinatal care, in 2007, the WHO and its partners published the Global elimination of congenital syphilis: rationale and strategy for action. The goal was to increase the number of pregnant women tested for syphilis to 90 per cent and to provide adequate treatment to at least 90 per cent of seropositive pregnant women by 2015.

 


Keywords: HIV, syphilis, EPTCT, ANC, ART, pregnant women, infants

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Get_on_the_Fast-Track_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NEC_HIV_July-Oct-AIDSreg2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Response_Progress_Reporting_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_AIDS_by_the_numbers_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_Report_Punjab_2014_0.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/The_negative_impact_of_drug_control_on_public_health_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Death_Penalty_for_Drug_Offences_Global_Overview_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
Calendar of events
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17
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28
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