Nepal is reported to have "concentrated epidemic," that means only a few "high-risk behavior groups" have HIV prevalence more than 5 %. In Nepal, the high-risk behavior groups are identified as Female Sex Workers (FSWs), people who inject drugs (PWID) and migrant population. This fifth round of Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance (IBBS) survey in Pokhara valley was conducted with the purpose of exploring the prevalence of HIV and STIs (syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia)among the female sex workers (FSWs). Besides, it aims to monitor the trends of HIV and STIs prevalence and also the relevant risk behaviors among these group so that the findings from it could be importantly used for planning strategy for HIV/STIs prevention programs and reducing HIV/STIs transmission. The survey was carried out by SAIPAL under the leadership of the National Center for AIDS and STD control (NCASC) in collaboration with Save the Children – Nepal.
Keywords: Nepal, IBBS, HIV, STI, FSW, prevalence, syphilis, condom