Issues Brief: Advancing Young Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the Context of HIV. The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS. (2014)

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This issues brief is part of a series commissioned by the GCWA. It is designed to bring to light critical issues pertaining to the SRHR of young women living with, at risk of and affected by HIV, along with examples of good practice interventions and successful scale-up approaches. It also examines how multiple dimensions of inequality create unique challenges for young women, and the subsequent impact on their health and rights. The brief is intended to guide global advocacy and inform negotiations in the context of the Post-2015 development framework. The brief concludes with seven recommendations to advance young women’s sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and to uphold their rights in the context of HIV. 

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In or Out? Asia-Pacific Review of Young Key Populations in National AIDS Strategic Plans. UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF, et al. (2014)

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This review analyses the inclusion of young key populations in the NSPs for HIV and AIDS of 19 countries in the Asia-Pacific region namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Viet Nam. The primary document examined for the review of each country’s strategy was the NSP. However, where operational, implementation or monitoring and evaluation (M&E) plans were available these were also assessed. These documents were reviewed using an analytical framework developed following consideration of: seven existing NSP reviews; guidance documents on comprehensive packages for key populations; and the HIV and AIDS Investment Framework.

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Policy Brief: Self-stigma among Young Men who have Sex with Men and Young Transgender Women and the Linkages with HIV in Asia. UNDP, UNICEF, TS Hub, APCOM, et al. (2013)

YVC Policy_Brief_on_YMSM_and_TG_Self-stigma-1

In the Asia region, an increasing number of HIV infections occur among men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. Unless effective HIV prevention strategies are implemented, the Commission on AIDS in Asia’s regional projections predict that about half (46%) of all new HIV infections in Asia will soon be among MSM, an increase of 13% from 2008. While inadequate HIV data exists on transgender women due to their limited inclusion in national HIV surveillance systems, studies that do exist show transgender women are at disproportionate risk for HIV infection.

 

 

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Young Key Populations at Higher Risk of HIV in Asia and the Pacific - Making the Case with Strategic Information. UNICEF, UNESCO, UNFPA and UNAIDS. (2013)

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This guidance document provides recommendations for collecting and reporting information about young key populations at higher risk for HIV in order to improve the availability and usefulness of strategic information.

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HIV and Adolescents: HIV Testing and Counselling, Treatment and Care for Adolescents Living with HIV: Policy Brief. WHO. (2013)

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Adolescents (10–19 years) continue to be vulnerable to HIV infection. All adolescents are vulnerable to HIV due to the physical and emotional transitions, and potentially heightened risk-taking behaviour, inherent to this period of life. This is particularly true for adolescents who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic—especially girls in sub-Saharan Africa who often face a higher risk of infection than boys—and/or adolescents who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use.

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ESCAP Roadmap to 2015 - Regional Framework for Action on HIV and AIDS. (2013)

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Presentation from Expert Meeting on the Implementation of the Outcome of the Asia-Pacific High-level Intergovernmental Meeting on the Assessment of Progress against Commitments in the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals

 

11 December 2013, Bangkok Pullman Bangkok King Power

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National HIV Risk Reduction Strategy for Most At Risk and Especially Vulnerable Adolescents to HIV and AIDS in Bangladesh (2013–2015). National AIDS/STD Programme. (2013)

immage The 3rd National Strategic Plan for HIV and AIDS Response (2011-2015)ii provides the overall framework for the national response. The Strategic Plan is a roadmap to minimise the spread of HIV and the impact of AIDS on individuals, families, communities and society. Key principles that underpin the Strategic Plan include multi-sectorial engagement, stigma reduction, broad political commitment, civil society involvement, evidence-informed programming, prevention to care continuum, human rights, use of gender based approaches, partnership and a coordinated approach.
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Meeting Report: Youth Voices Count 2nd Consultation on Self-stigma among Young Men who have Sex with Men and Transgender People. UNDP, UNICEF, 7 Sisters, APCOM, et al. (2012)

YVC Consultation_Report_on_Self-stigma-1

The primary objective of this regional consultation was to introduce the YVC network and its members and to hear the voices of community people on the self-stigma in young MSM and TG groups in order to develop key recommendations targeting policy-makers and programmers on addressing these issues. The joint consultation brought together some 40 participants from 14 different countries/territories across Asia, including Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand and Viet Nam met in Bangkok, Thailand.

 

 

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Examining Life Experiences and HIV Risks of Young Entertainment Workers in Four Cambodian Cities. Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport. (2012)

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To support the development of appropriate HIV prevention and protection efforts for young EWs (YEWs), UNICEF and FHI 360 conducted a formative assessment from May to October 2012. The study objectives were to:
    1.    Conduct a ‘situational’ analysis on young people (male, female and self-identified transgender individuals) engaged in transactional sex/sex work, including socioeconomic profiles; age and causes/ mechanisms of initiation into transactional sex/sex work, and any individual/multiple vulnerabilities by using existing data and supplementing it with the collection of qualitative data
    2.    Investigate viable alternatives to transactional sex/sex work from the perspective of younger and older EWs
    3.    Assess the situations of child bearing and rearing experiences of YEWs, and to determine the feasibility of a family-based approach
    4.    Assess the existence of an enabling environment for younger EWs compared to older EWs, particularly in terms of access to services, stigma and discrimination

 

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A Rapid Assessment Most-At-Risk Adolescents and Young People to HIV in Lao PDR. UNICEF and Ministry of Health Lao PDR (2011)

Rapid assessment_MARA_Young_people_Lao

The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) has a ‘latent’ HIV epidemic1, with rates of HIV estimated at just 0.2 per cent of the total population aged between 15-49 years of age. However, because of its location in the heart of the Mekong, surrounded by countries with high rates of HIV in concentrated epidemics3, Lao PDR is believed to be “in danger of an expanding epidemic”. More than 50 per cent of the population of Lao PDR is below the age of 20 and adolescents and young people engaged in high- risk behaviour for HIV are an emerging priority across Asia and the Pacific.


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