Fast-Tracking HIV Treatment: Parliamentary Action and Policy Options. Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNAIDS. (2015)

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HIV treatment is a cornerstone of the AIDS response, helping to prevent AIDS-related deaths and avert new infections. It also helps people living with HIV to live close-to-normal lifespans, thereby reducing HIV-related stigma. Evidence shows that HIV treatment, administered ideally as soon as possible after diagnosis, not only slows disease progression but also prevents onward HIV transmission. Moreover, the right to the highest attainable standard of health necessitates access to treatment and other medicines to ensure that people living with HIV can have long and productive lives.

 

Keywords: HIV, treatment, human rights, Fast-Track, medicines, financing

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Availability of Internationally Controlled Drugs: Ensuring Adequate Access for Medical and Scientific Purposes. International Narcotics Control Board. (2016)

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The Board is presenting this special report to Member States in the hope that the analysis and recommendations presented therein may assist them in the development of national policies and control systems that are capable of achieving the goals of the international drug control conventions in relation to ensuring availability of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. Member States have already underlined the importance of this issue in a number of resolutions and political declarations adopted by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs. They also referred to it in the Political Declaration of the High-Level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases and in resolution WHA67.19 of the World Health Assembly, on strengthening of palliative care as a component of comprehensive care throughout the life course.

 

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, law enforcement, medicines, drug

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Progress for Children Beyond Averages: Learning from the MDGS. UNICEF. (2015)

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A child’s chance to survive and thrive is much greater in 2015 than it was when the global community committed to the MDGs in 2000.

Data show significant progress in areas such as child survival, nutrition, motherto- child transmission of HIV and primary school enrolment, among others. These are impressive achievements, but they are only part of the story.

This report also shows progress for the most vulnerable, proving that a more equitable world is within reach. But despite this progress, millions of the children in greatest need have been left behind – the most marginalized and vulnerable children whose future the MDGs were designed to safeguard.

 

Keywords: children, gender equality, child mortality, infants, maternal health

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Manual for the Development and Assessment of National Viral Hepatitis Plans: A Provisional Document. WHO. (2015)

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The purpose of this manual is to provide guidance to public health professionals tasked with managing a response to viral hepatitis. As every country’s needs are different with respect to its epidemiology and the current level of response, people would use this manual in different ways.

 


Keywords: HIV, hepatitis, response, national plan

 


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Fast-Tracking Combination Prevention. UNAIDS. (2015)

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To reduce new HIV infections globally to fewer than 500 000 by 2020, a step towards ending the HIV epidemic as a public health threat by 2030, we need to Fast-Track the response, including renewed commitment to, sustained funding for and scaled-up implementation of HIV prevention programmes.

 

Keywords: HIV prevention, young women, partners, PrEP, male circumcision

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An Innovative Approach to Triple Elimination of Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV, Syphilis and Hepatitis B in Viet Nam. Nguyen VTT, Trang HQ, Anh NTL, et al. (2015)

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Viet Nam has committed to working towards the elimination of HIV mother-to-child transmission. The stated goals are to reduce the vertical transmission rate of HIV nationally to less than 5% by 2015 and to less than 2% by 2020.

Viet Nam has high hepatitis B virus (HBV) and low HIV and syphilis prevalence among pregnant women. Antenatal care (ANC) coverage is high (one visit 96,6%, three visits 87.5%)*. Prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) of HIV and infant hepatitis B immunization are managed by separate vertical programmes and services. It is national policy that free provider-initiated universal HIV testing is recommended to pregnant women (PW). Syphilis and hepatitis B testing are not routinely offered. This study aims at demonstrating an innovative model of combined universal screening for HIV, syphilis, and HBV for PW and treatment of infected PW in ANC to prevent vertical transmission of three infections.

 


Keywords: HIV, HBV, PMTCT, Antenatal care (ANC), pregnant women

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Worldwide Country Situation Analysis: Response to Antimicrobial Resistance. WHO. (2015)

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A survey was conducted in countries in all six WHO regions and focused on the building blocks that are considered prerequisites to combat antimicrobial resistance: a comprehensive national plan, laboratory capacity to undertake surveillance for resistant microorganisms, access to safe, effective antimicrobial medicines, control of the misuse of these medicines, awareness and understanding among the general public and effective infection prevention and control programmes. 


Keywords: drug resistance, microbial, infection control, surveillance

 


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Specifications and Quantities for Efficient Procurement of Essential Equipment and Laboratory Commodities for HIV. WHO. (2014)

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WHO, with support from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), developed the present tool on specifications and quantities for efficient procurement of essential equipment and laboratory commodities for HIV.

The ultimate purpose of the tool is to facilitate the efficient procurement of laboratory equipment and laboratory commodities required to:

   - perform HIV diagnostic tests in adults, adolescent and children;
   - monitor treatment outcomes in patients on antiretroviral therapy.

Keywords: HIV infections, diagnosis, anti-retroviral agents, treatment outcome, technology medical

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A Review of the SQ-109 Patent Landscape: A Scoping Report. Amin T. (2014)

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SQ109 falls into the class of drugs known as ethylenediamines. The compound was discovered by Sequella Inc in collaboration with the United States National Institutes of Health (NIH). A solid phase method was developed to synthesize more than 63 000 compounds based on the 1,2-ethylenediamine structure of ethambutol. Using a high-throughput screening assay, compounds were identified that affected genes activated during cell membrane repair by the TB bacilli.


Keywords: HIV, TB, drugs, treatment, diagnosis, access

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HEADLIGHT : Understanding WHO’s Consolidated Guidelines on HIV Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Care for Key Populations. APCOM. (2014)

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The Guidelines aim to support countries provide more effective and comprehensive HIV services for the key populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people and include discussion of specific issues relating to adolescent key populations. Although, there is still a lack of evidence to support recommendation of PrEP to transgender women. In this brief we highlight the recommendations made in the Guidelines that are most relevant to MSM and transgender people. 

 


Keywords: HIV, key populations, MSM, transgender, adolescents, PrEP, ART, VMMC, HTC, TB

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