Hepatitis C Medicines Technology and Market Landscape. Isbell M, Ridzon R and Timmermans K. (2015)

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This landscape analysis surveys the current state of technologies for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV), as well as market dynamics that affect the affordability and accessibility of HCV therapeutics. HCV treatment falls within the ambit of UNITAID’s mission because it is a major HIV coinfection and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV. Strategic Objective 3 of the UNITAID Strategy 2013−2016 specifically refers to viral hepatitis, notably hepatitis B and C.


Keywords: HIV, HCV, medicines, infection, prevalence 

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Scaling up HIV Treatment for MSM in Bangkok: What Does It Take? — A Modelling and Costing Study. Zhang L, Phanuphak N, Henderson K, et al. (2015)

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The HIV epidemic amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) in Bangkok is substantial. The population size of MSM in Bangkok is 120,000-250,000, with approximately one-third (33.5 percent) considered high-risk, characterized by their young age, multiple partnerships, frequent unprotected anal intercourse, and sexual activities around MSM hotspots. In metropolitan Bangkok, HIV prevalence among MSM reportedly increased from 21 percent to 28 percent between 2000 and 2012. The Thai Working Group of Estimation and Projection (2013) projected an estimate of 39,000 new HIV infections would occur in Thailand during 2012-2016, based on the AIDS Epidemic Model (AEM). 


Keywords: HIV, transmission, heterosexual, epidemic, infections, cost-effectiveness

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Diagnostics Access Initiative to Achieve the 90-90-90 Treatment Target. UNAIDS. (2015)

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The aim of the new initiative is to leverage improved, accessible, affordable and  optimally used diagnostic technologies and strategies to ensure achievement of a bold new HIV treatment target for 2020.

 

 


Keywords: HIV, treatment cascade, testing, prevention, ART, diagnostics

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Issue Brief - Decisions Around HIV Treatment in 2015: Seven Ways to Fail, Derail or Prevail. Médecins Sans Frontières. (2015)

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In this issue brief we first review trends in generic competition and intellectual property (IP) licensing for key antiretroviral drugs. We then outline seven momentous decisions to be made in 2015 that will largely determine whether ART will be affordable, available and robust for the next 15 years of treatment scale-up to all people living with HIV. This includes opportunities for greatly improved treatment regimens based on WHO guidelines on when to start treatment, and what first- and second line regimens should include.

 

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Global Fund, medicines, treatment, ART

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Fast-Track Cities: Update 2015. UNAIDS. (2015)

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Launched only a year ago, Fast-Track cities has rapidly taken root and grown. This is the first annual update on progress in implementing the Fast-Track cities approach and it supports one of the seven key commitments contained in the Paris Declaration. This report reflects on the actions taken by cities and by the four core partners— the city of Paris, UNAIDS, the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) and the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC)—towards ending the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030. Future reports will illustrate good practices and quantifiable evidence of progress that will inspire and inform Fast-Track cities and the many stakeholders helping to confront AIDS as a health and development challenge.

 

Keywords: treatment, urban, AIDS epidemic, response, 90-90-90

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Diagnostics Access Initiative to Achieve the 90-90-90 Treatment Target. UNAIDS. (2015)

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The aim of the new initiative is to leverage improved, accessible, affordable and  optimally used diagnostic technologies and strategies to ensure achievement of a bold new HIV treatment target for 2020.

 

 


Keywords: HIV, treatment cascade, testing, prevention, ART, diagnostics

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Preventing HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships: Evidence, Strategies and Approaches for Addressing Concentrated HIV Epidemics in Asia. UNDP. (2015)

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Preventing HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships: Evidence, strategies and approaches for addressing concentrated HIV epidemics in Asia provides evidence-based guidance to policymakers in Asia so that national HIV responses give appropriate priority to prevention efforts among key populations and their intimate partners, as well as those in serodiscordant relationships. Scaling up efforts to prevent intimate partner transmission of HIV will help countries to meet targets to halve sexual transmission of HIV, eliminate mother-to-child transmission, reduce AIDS-related maternal deaths, and address gender inequalities. 


This report by UNDP, UNICEF and UNAIDS responds to data which shows that new infections in the long-running HIV epidemics in Asia, such as in Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand, are on the increase among intimate partners of high risk populations.  Reviewing the interplay of factors that affect sexual behaviours and decision making among key populations and people living with HIV, the report recommends strategies that need to be adopted by countries for a more comprehensive response to intimate partner transmission.


The report argues that efforts to address intimate partner transmission of HIV should concentrate on the interplay of factors that affect sexual behaviour and decision-making among key populations and people living with HIV who know their status, including how they negotiate safer sex and make contraceptive choices with their intimate partners.


Keywords: HIV, prevention, human rights, PMTCT, PLHIV, gender equality, violence


Download full report click here

 

Download summary report click here

 

Download infographics on

 

- Evidence on high intimate partner transmission

 

- Common determinants of risk and vulnerability (i) men from key populations; (ii) women from key populations; and (iii) in serodiscordant couple relationships

 

- Five high impact strategies for preventing HIV in intimate partner relationships

 

- Components of a combination prevention approach for preventing HIV in intimate partner relationships

 

- Recommendations

 

What Communities Need to Know About the WHO ARV Guidelines. WHO and UNAIDS. (2015)

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Developed by Southern African AIDS Trust, with the support of WHO and UNAIDS, the summary of the the WHO’s New Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection is now available.

Among many new recommendations is that antiretroviral therapy (ART) should be initiated in everyone living with HIV at any CD4 cell count. Another is that the use of daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as a prevention choice for people at substantial risk of HIV infection as part of combination prevention approaches.


Keywords: HIV, ARV, CD4, treatment, health services

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ART Cohort Analysis Report-Sri Lanka, 2015. National STD/AIDS Control Programme, Sri Lanka. (2015)

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This document provides Cohort analysis for patients who started ART in 2013 (12 months), Cohort analysis for patients who started ART in 2012 (24 months) and Cohort analysis for patients who started ART in 2009 (60 months).

 

Keywords: ART, treatment, clinic, deaths

 

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Progress for Children Beyond Averages: Learning from the MDGS. UNICEF. (2015)

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A child’s chance to survive and thrive is much greater in 2015 than it was when the global community committed to the MDGs in 2000.

Data show significant progress in areas such as child survival, nutrition, motherto- child transmission of HIV and primary school enrolment, among others. These are impressive achievements, but they are only part of the story.

This report also shows progress for the most vulnerable, proving that a more equitable world is within reach. But despite this progress, millions of the children in greatest need have been left behind – the most marginalized and vulnerable children whose future the MDGs were designed to safeguard.

 

Keywords: children, gender equality, child mortality, infants, maternal health

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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/The_negative_impact_of_drug_control_on_public_health_2015.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Death_Penalty_for_Drug_Offences_Global_Overview_2015.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
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