Overview of regional implementation of the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals and Efforts to Ensure Universal Access in Asia and the Pacific. ESCAP. (2015)

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The present document aims to review the progress of the HIV response in the Asia-Pacific region, with a view to identifying the opportunities for further action afforded by the 2011 Political Declaration. In doing so, it also draws on the expressed commitments undertaken by ESCAP member States to address the HIV epidemic, including those reflected in resolutions 66/10, Regional call for action to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in Asia and the Pacific (19 May 2010) and 67/9, Asia-Pacific regional review of the progress achieved in realizing the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (25 May 2011).

 

Keywords: IGM, 2015, HIV, prevalence, treatment, care, prevention, gender, violence, ART, children, women

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Focus on Happy, Healthy Babies. The Global Fund. (2015)

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All babies have the right to a healthy start in life.

 

Every year, approximately 1.5 million HIV-positive women give birth. If they are unable to access medicine and services, they run the risk of transmitting HIV to their babies during pregnancy, delivery and the breastfeeding period.

Now, with only one pill a day started during pregnancy, along with delivery in a medical facility by a skilled health professional and continued treatment through the breastfeeding period, advances in antenatal care mean that the risk of HIV transmission from mother to baby can be virtually eliminated.


Keywords: HIV, PMTCT, breastfeeding, children, treatment

 

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Scaling up HIV Treatment for MSM in Bangkok: What Does It Take? — A Modelling and Costing Study. Zhang L, Phanuphak N, Henderson K, et al. (2015)

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The HIV epidemic amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) in Bangkok is substantial. The population size of MSM in Bangkok is 120,000-250,000, with approximately one-third (33.5 percent) considered high-risk, characterized by their young age, multiple partnerships, frequent unprotected anal intercourse, and sexual activities around MSM hotspots. In metropolitan Bangkok, HIV prevalence among MSM reportedly increased from 21 percent to 28 percent between 2000 and 2012. The Thai Working Group of Estimation and Projection (2013) projected an estimate of 39,000 new HIV infections would occur in Thailand during 2012-2016, based on the AIDS Epidemic Model (AEM). 


Keywords: HIV, transmission, heterosexual, epidemic, infections, cost-effectiveness

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Community-based Antiretroviral Therapy Delivery. UNAIDS and Medecins sans Frontieres. (2015)

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This document presents experiences of how community-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) delivery can improve both the level of access to treatment and the quality of health outcomes for people living with HIV. These experiences illustrate that community-based ART delivery is efficient, effective and high quality.


Keywords: HIV, patient, clinical, treatment, testing, medication

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Diagnostics Access Initiative to Achieve the 90-90-90 Treatment Target. UNAIDS. (2015)

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The aim of the new initiative is to leverage improved, accessible, affordable and  optimally used diagnostic technologies and strategies to ensure achievement of a bold new HIV treatment target for 2020.

 

 


Keywords: HIV, treatment cascade, testing, prevention, ART, diagnostics

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Implications of the START Study Data — Questions and Answers. UNAIDS. (2015)

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UNAIDS welcomes additional evidence released in May 2015 that early initiation of antiretroviral therapy has a positive effect on the health and well-being of people living with HIV. The United States National Institutes of Health-funded international randomized clinical trial START (Strategic Timing of Antiretroviral Treatment) has found compelling evidence that the benefits of starting antiretroviral therapy as soon as someone is diagnosed outweigh the risks of delaying until their CD4 count has fallen to 350 cells/mm3.

 


Keywords: HIV, AIDS, 90–90–90, treatment, human rights, testing, communities, prevention, health care, fast-track

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Transmitted HIV Drug Resistance Survey in Two Provinces in Papua New Guinea. Lavu E, Dala N, Gurung A, et al. (2015)

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Surveillance of transmitted HIV drug resistance (TDR) in individuals recently infected with HIV was performed following WHO-suggested methods. The prevalence of transmitted HIV drug resistance (TDR) in recently infected antiretroviral drug naïve individuals in PNG has not been fully characterised.


Keywords: HIV, ART, PNG, prevalence, drug resistance

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Fast-Track Cities: Update 2015. UNAIDS. (2015)

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Launched only a year ago, Fast-Track cities has rapidly taken root and grown. This is the first annual update on progress in implementing the Fast-Track cities approach and it supports one of the seven key commitments contained in the Paris Declaration. This report reflects on the actions taken by cities and by the four core partners— the city of Paris, UNAIDS, the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) and the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC)—towards ending the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030. Future reports will illustrate good practices and quantifiable evidence of progress that will inspire and inform Fast-Track cities and the many stakeholders helping to confront AIDS as a health and development challenge.

 

Keywords: treatment, urban, AIDS epidemic, response, 90-90-90

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What Communities Need to Know About the WHO ARV Guidelines. WHO and UNAIDS. (2015)

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Developed by Southern African AIDS Trust, with the support of WHO and UNAIDS, the summary of the the WHO’s New Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection is now available.

Among many new recommendations is that antiretroviral therapy (ART) should be initiated in everyone living with HIV at any CD4 cell count. Another is that the use of daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as a prevention choice for people at substantial risk of HIV infection as part of combination prevention approaches.


Keywords: HIV, ARV, CD4, treatment, health services

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Issue Brief - Decisions Around HIV Treatment in 2015: Seven Ways to Fail, Derail or Prevail. Médecins Sans Frontières. (2015)

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In this issue brief we first review trends in generic competition and intellectual property (IP) licensing for key antiretroviral drugs. We then outline seven momentous decisions to be made in 2015 that will largely determine whether ART will be affordable, available and robust for the next 15 years of treatment scale-up to all people living with HIV. This includes opportunities for greatly improved treatment regimens based on WHO guidelines on when to start treatment, and what first- and second line regimens should include.

 

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Global Fund, medicines, treatment, ART

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_What_New_in_Treatment_Monitoring_Viral_Load_and_CD4_Testing_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_2016-17.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_Mapping_Key_Populations_2015-16.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017_Data_2017_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NEC_HIV_May-AIDSreg2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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