Overview of regional implementation of the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals and Efforts to Ensure Universal Access in Asia and the Pacific. ESCAP. (2015)

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The present document aims to review the progress of the HIV response in the Asia-Pacific region, with a view to identifying the opportunities for further action afforded by the 2011 Political Declaration. In doing so, it also draws on the expressed commitments undertaken by ESCAP member States to address the HIV epidemic, including those reflected in resolutions 66/10, Regional call for action to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in Asia and the Pacific (19 May 2010) and 67/9, Asia-Pacific regional review of the progress achieved in realizing the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (25 May 2011).

 

Keywords: IGM, 2015, HIV, prevalence, treatment, care, prevention, gender, violence, ART, children, women

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Preventing HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships: Evidence, Strategies and Approaches for Addressing Concentrated HIV Epidemics in Asia. UNDP. (2015)

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Preventing HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships: Evidence, strategies and approaches for addressing concentrated HIV epidemics in Asia provides evidence-based guidance to policymakers in Asia so that national HIV responses give appropriate priority to prevention efforts among key populations and their intimate partners, as well as those in serodiscordant relationships. Scaling up efforts to prevent intimate partner transmission of HIV will help countries to meet targets to halve sexual transmission of HIV, eliminate mother-to-child transmission, reduce AIDS-related maternal deaths, and address gender inequalities. 


This report by UNDP, UNICEF and UNAIDS responds to data which shows that new infections in the long-running HIV epidemics in Asia, such as in Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand, are on the increase among intimate partners of high risk populations.  Reviewing the interplay of factors that affect sexual behaviours and decision making among key populations and people living with HIV, the report recommends strategies that need to be adopted by countries for a more comprehensive response to intimate partner transmission.


The report argues that efforts to address intimate partner transmission of HIV should concentrate on the interplay of factors that affect sexual behaviour and decision-making among key populations and people living with HIV who know their status, including how they negotiate safer sex and make contraceptive choices with their intimate partners.


Keywords: HIV, prevention, human rights, PMTCT, PLHIV, gender equality, violence


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Download summary report click here

 

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- Evidence on high intimate partner transmission

 

- Common determinants of risk and vulnerability (i) men from key populations; (ii) women from key populations; and (iii) in serodiscordant couple relationships

 

- Five high impact strategies for preventing HIV in intimate partner relationships

 

- Components of a combination prevention approach for preventing HIV in intimate partner relationships

 

- Recommendations

 

Manual for the Development and Assessment of National Viral Hepatitis Plans: A Provisional Document. WHO. (2015)

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The purpose of this manual is to provide guidance to public health professionals tasked with managing a response to viral hepatitis. As every country’s needs are different with respect to its epidemiology and the current level of response, people would use this manual in different ways.

 


Keywords: HIV, hepatitis, response, national plan

 


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Fast-Tracking HIV Treatment: Parliamentary Action and Policy Options. Inter-Parliamentary Union and UNAIDS. (2015)

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HIV treatment is a cornerstone of the AIDS response, helping to prevent AIDS-related deaths and avert new infections. It also helps people living with HIV to live close-to-normal lifespans, thereby reducing HIV-related stigma. Evidence shows that HIV treatment, administered ideally as soon as possible after diagnosis, not only slows disease progression but also prevents onward HIV transmission. Moreover, the right to the highest attainable standard of health necessitates access to treatment and other medicines to ensure that people living with HIV can have long and productive lives.

 

Keywords: HIV, treatment, human rights, Fast-Track, medicines, financing

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Issue Brief - Decisions Around HIV Treatment in 2015: Seven Ways to Fail, Derail or Prevail. Médecins Sans Frontières. (2015)

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In this issue brief we first review trends in generic competition and intellectual property (IP) licensing for key antiretroviral drugs. We then outline seven momentous decisions to be made in 2015 that will largely determine whether ART will be affordable, available and robust for the next 15 years of treatment scale-up to all people living with HIV. This includes opportunities for greatly improved treatment regimens based on WHO guidelines on when to start treatment, and what first- and second line regimens should include.

 

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Global Fund, medicines, treatment, ART

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Progress for Children Beyond Averages: Learning from the MDGS. UNICEF. (2015)

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A child’s chance to survive and thrive is much greater in 2015 than it was when the global community committed to the MDGs in 2000.

Data show significant progress in areas such as child survival, nutrition, motherto- child transmission of HIV and primary school enrolment, among others. These are impressive achievements, but they are only part of the story.

This report also shows progress for the most vulnerable, proving that a more equitable world is within reach. But despite this progress, millions of the children in greatest need have been left behind – the most marginalized and vulnerable children whose future the MDGs were designed to safeguard.

 

Keywords: children, gender equality, child mortality, infants, maternal health

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Fast-Tracking Combination Prevention. UNAIDS. (2015)

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To reduce new HIV infections globally to fewer than 500 000 by 2020, a step towards ending the HIV epidemic as a public health threat by 2030, we need to Fast-Track the response, including renewed commitment to, sustained funding for and scaled-up implementation of HIV prevention programmes.

 

Keywords: HIV prevention, young women, partners, PrEP, male circumcision

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Scaling up HIV Treatment for MSM in Bangkok: What Does It Take? — A Modelling and Costing Study. Zhang L, Phanuphak N, Henderson K, et al. (2015)

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The HIV epidemic amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) in Bangkok is substantial. The population size of MSM in Bangkok is 120,000-250,000, with approximately one-third (33.5 percent) considered high-risk, characterized by their young age, multiple partnerships, frequent unprotected anal intercourse, and sexual activities around MSM hotspots. In metropolitan Bangkok, HIV prevalence among MSM reportedly increased from 21 percent to 28 percent between 2000 and 2012. The Thai Working Group of Estimation and Projection (2013) projected an estimate of 39,000 new HIV infections would occur in Thailand during 2012-2016, based on the AIDS Epidemic Model (AEM). 


Keywords: HIV, transmission, heterosexual, epidemic, infections, cost-effectiveness

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Diagnostics Access Initiative to Achieve the 90-90-90 Treatment Target. UNAIDS. (2015)

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The aim of the new initiative is to leverage improved, accessible, affordable and  optimally used diagnostic technologies and strategies to ensure achievement of a bold new HIV treatment target for 2020.

 

 


Keywords: HIV, treatment cascade, testing, prevention, ART, diagnostics

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ART Cohort Analysis Report-Sri Lanka, 2015. National STD/AIDS Control Programme, Sri Lanka. (2015)

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This document provides Cohort analysis for patients who started ART in 2013 (12 months), Cohort analysis for patients who started ART in 2012 (24 months) and Cohort analysis for patients who started ART in 2009 (60 months).

 

Keywords: ART, treatment, clinic, deaths

 

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