HIV Treatment #HLM2016AIDS. UNAIDS. (2016)

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The world has embraced the UNAIDS 90–90–90 treatment target, whereby 90% of people living with HIV know their HIV status, 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status are accessing antiretroviral treatment, and 90% of people on treatment have suppressed viral loads. By reaching the 90–90–90 treatment target by 2020, the world will be firmly on track towards ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

 

Keywords: HIV, treatment, HLM2016AIDS, ART, Fast-Track

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WHO Recommendations on Antenatal Care for a Positive Pregnancy Experience. WHO. (2016)

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Within the continuum of reproductive health care, antenatal care (ANC) provides a platform for important healthcare functions, including health promotion, screening and diagnosis, and disease prevention. It has been established that, by implementing timely and appropriate evidence-based practices, ANC can save lives.

 

Endorsed, by the UN Secretary-General, this is a comprehensive WHO guideline on routine ANC for pregnant women and adolescent girls. It aims to complement existing WHO guidelines on the management of specific pregnancy-related complications. The guidance aims to capture the complex nature of the issues surrounding ANC health care practices and delivery, and to prioritize person-centred health and well-being, not only the prevention of death and morbidity, in accordance with a human rights-based approach.

 

 

Keywords: ANC, women, pregnancy, children, adolescent

 

 

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Overview of regional implementation of the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS and the Millennium Development Goals and Efforts to Ensure Universal Access in Asia and the Pacific. ESCAP. (2015)

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The present document aims to review the progress of the HIV response in the Asia-Pacific region, with a view to identifying the opportunities for further action afforded by the 2011 Political Declaration. In doing so, it also draws on the expressed commitments undertaken by ESCAP member States to address the HIV epidemic, including those reflected in resolutions 66/10, Regional call for action to achieve universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support in Asia and the Pacific (19 May 2010) and 67/9, Asia-Pacific regional review of the progress achieved in realizing the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS (25 May 2011).

 

Keywords: IGM, 2015, HIV, prevalence, treatment, care, prevention, gender, violence, ART, children, women

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Social Protection: Advancing the Response to HIV. UNAIDS. (2015)

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The 10 case studies presented in this document clearly demonstrate that social protection works for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. In particular, they show how social protection benefits the AIDS response through increased access to HIV services for all people including the most marginalized and excluded in society. The studies also demonstrate that carefully constructed and well-managed social protection programmes have the power to support people who are hardest to reach.


Keywords: HIV, PLHIV, migrants, sex workers, treatment, transgender people

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Programmatic Update on Antiretrovirals: Maximizing the Treatment and Prevention Potential of Antiretroviral Drugs: Early Country Experiences towards Implementing a Treat-all Policy. WHO. (2015)

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WHO guidelines on antiretroviral therapy (ART) have evolved during the past decade towards recommending earlier treatment, as evidence has shown clinical and public health benefit, treatment has become simpler, more tolerable and more affordable, and systems for ARV delivery have been streamlined for scale.

This update summarizes experiences of countries that have already begun to implement earlier treatment approaches as part of a national policy or pilot programmes. Overall, these five country examples demonstrate that scaling up a treat-all policy, across diverse populations (adults, key populations and children) is acceptable and feasible, with early benefits and no immediate evidence of harmful effects.


Keywords: HIV, ART, treatment, prevention, key populations 

 

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Selected Policies on Adolescent Friendly Health Services in Low and Middle Income Countries. WHO. (2014)

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Selected policies on adolescent friendly health services in low and middle income countries - information from countries that responded to the Global Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health Policy Indicator Surveys (2009-10, 2011-12 and 2013-14) undertaken by Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health; World Health

 


Keywords: HIV, adolescents, reproductive health, nutrition, alcohol, prevention, violence, testing, counseling, drug

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Towards HIV Treatment on Demand for All. Health GAP and Partners. (2015)

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The world faces an important window of opportunity in the trajectory of the global AIDS response. New scientific evidence shows that starting HIV treatment immediately upon diagnosis enables people to live longer, healthier lives and is among the most effective ways to prevent HIV transmission. Several years ago, in response to this evidence, some countries began providing all people living with HIV access to immediate treatment.


Keywords: HIV, CD4, treatment, diagnosis, policy, human rights

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Issue Brief: Hepatitis C and Drug Pricing: The Need for a Better Balance. amfAR. (2015)

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In this brief, we review drug pricing for new hepatitis C medications and pose basic questions of fairness and medical ethics. Although we focus on Gilead and its hepatitis C drug sofosbuvir, the issues we highlight are broadly applicable to other manufacturers of hepatitis C medications.


Keywords: HIV, HCV, prevalence, treatment, cost

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Availability of Internationally Controlled Drugs: Ensuring Adequate Access for Medical and Scientific Purposes. International Narcotics Control Board. (2016)

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The Board is presenting this special report to Member States in the hope that the analysis and recommendations presented therein may assist them in the development of national policies and control systems that are capable of achieving the goals of the international drug control conventions in relation to ensuring availability of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. Member States have already underlined the importance of this issue in a number of resolutions and political declarations adopted by the Commission on Narcotic Drugs. They also referred to it in the Political Declaration of the High-Level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases and in resolution WHA67.19 of the World Health Assembly, on strengthening of palliative care as a component of comprehensive care throughout the life course.

 

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, law enforcement, medicines, drug

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Focus on Happy, Healthy Babies. The Global Fund. (2015)

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All babies have the right to a healthy start in life.

 

Every year, approximately 1.5 million HIV-positive women give birth. If they are unable to access medicine and services, they run the risk of transmitting HIV to their babies during pregnancy, delivery and the breastfeeding period.

Now, with only one pill a day started during pregnancy, along with delivery in a medical facility by a skilled health professional and continued treatment through the breastfeeding period, advances in antenatal care mean that the risk of HIV transmission from mother to baby can be virtually eliminated.


Keywords: HIV, PMTCT, breastfeeding, children, treatment

 

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