Progress Report 2016 - Prevent HIV, Test and Treat All. WHO (2016)

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The global HIV epidemic claimed fewer lives in 2015 than at any point in almost two decades, and fewer people became newly infected with HIV than in any year since 1991. The list of countries on the brink of eliminating new HIV infections among children keeps growing. A massive expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the global number of people dying from HIV-related causes to about 1.1 million in 2015 – 45% fewer than in 2005. UNAIDS/WHO estimates show that more than 18 million people were receiving ART in mid-2016.


Keywords: HIV, Fast-Track, 90-90-90, public health, prevention, testing

 

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An Assessment of Decentralization of Antiretroviral Therapy in Myanmar. Htun Nyunt Oo, Fujita M, Yu D, Ye Nyunt, et al. (2016)

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ART is being rapidly scaled up in Myanmar, led by National AIDS Programme (NAP) and supported by many partners.
Decentralization of HIV care and treatment to township and peripheral levels brings services closer to where those in need reside.
ART decentralization assessment conducted to 13 decentralized ART sites in March 2015 by a joint team of national and international experts. 

 

 

Keywords: HIV, ART, PLHIV, NGO, services

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Hepatitis B Control Country Profile 2015. WHO, Regional Office for the Western Pacific. (2016)

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See Regional Progress Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage, 1990—2015, Regional Progress: Status of the 2017 Hepatitis B Control Milestone of <1% HBsAg Prevalence among 5 year old children


Keywords: hepatitis B, vaccine, coverage, surveys

 

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Introduction to Long-Acting Injectables. AVAC. (2016)

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This infographic details the process for developing long-acting injectables for PrEP and treatment.

 

Keywords: HIV, ARV, PrEP, treatment, prevention, testing

 

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End in Sight: Accelerating the End of HIV, Tuberculosis, Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases in the South-East Asia Region. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2016)

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Communicable diseases such as HIV, TB and malaria remain among the leading causes of illness, death and impoverishment in our region, and infection levels continue to rise in many settings and populations. Unless focused efforts are undertaken to build on the gains to date, communities that remain vulnerable to neglected tropical diseases such as leprosy, kala-azar and filariasis will continue to be left behind. This report focuses on the historic opportunity for the WHO South-East Asia Region to end the scourge of communicable diseases for good.

 

Keywords: HIV, TB, malaria, neglected tropical diseases, public health

 

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United Nations High-level Meeting on Antimicrobial Resistance

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Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become one of the biggest threats to global health and endangers other major priorities, such as human development. All around the world, many common infections are becoming resistant to the antimicrobial medicines used to treat them, resulting in longer illnesses and more deaths. At the same time, not enough new antimicrobial drugs, especially antibiotics, are being developed to replace older and increasingly ineffective ones.

 

Global leaders will meet at the United Nations General Assembly in New York in September 2016 to commit to fighting antimicrobial resistance together. This is only the fourth time in the history of the UN that a health topic is discussed at the General Assembly (HIV, noncommunicable diseases, and Ebola were the others). Heads of State and Heads of Delegations are expected to address the seriousness and scope of the situation and to agree on sustainable, multisectoral approaches to addressing antimicrobial resistance. 

 

Keywords: WHO, AMR, Antimicrobial Resistance, High-level Meeting


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- General Assembly of the United Nations: High-level Meeting programme 


- Draft political declaration of the high-level meeting of the General Assembly on antimicrobial resistance


- Fact sheet on AMR


- Antimicrobial resistance for policy makers


- Antimicrobial resistance: aide-memoire

2016-17: A Percolating Pipeline. AVAC. (2016)

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While scaling up access to all treatment and prevention options that currently exist is essential, it is not sufficient. There remains a critical need for additional options. In addition to the introduction of oral-TDF based PrEP and the open-lable extension studies of the vaginal dapivirine ring, there are a number of efficacy trials planned or underway. They're tackling virtually every intervention—from next-generation PrEP in the form of F/TAF, a drug that will soon be tested for efficacy as daily oral PrEP, to long-acting injectables, vaccines and antibody-mediated prevention.


Keywords: HIV, PrEP,  antibody related, vaccine, microbicides

 

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Global Report on Access to Hepatitis C Treatment. WHO. (2016)

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This is the first-ever global report on treatment access to hepatitis C medicines. The report provides the information that countries and health authorities need to identify the appropriate HCV treatment, and procure it at affordable prices. The report uses the experience of several pioneering countries to demonstrate how barriers to treatment access can be overcome. It also provides information on the production of new hepatitis C drugs and generic versions worldwide, including where the drugs are registered, where the drugs are patented and where not, and what opportunities countries have under the license agreements that were signed by some companies as well as current pricing of all recommended DAAs, including by generic companies all over the world.

 

Keywords: HIV, hepatitis C, HCV, treatment, diagnosis, testing

 

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Promoting Innovation and Access to Health Technologies. United Nations Secretary-General High-Level Panel on Access to Medicines. (2016)

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Whether it’s the rising price of the EpiPen, or new outbreaks of diseases, like Ebola, Zika and yellow fever, the rising costs of health technologies and the lack of new tools to tackle health problems, like antimicrobial resistance, is a problem in rich and poor countries alike. 
 
According to a High-Level Panel convened to advise the UN Secretary-General on improving access to medicines, the world must take bold new approaches to both health technology innovation and ensuring access so that all people can benefit from the medical advances that have dramatically improved the lives of millions around the world in the last century. 
 

 

Keywords: TRIPS, Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), health technology, access

 


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Trial Participants by Prevention Research Area, 2015. AVAC. (2016)

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Given the higher rates of acquisition seen across so-called key populations—members of highly burdened and underserved groups—it is critical to provide access to the research process such that they can participate and reap more immediate benefit of scientific progress. Greater efforts must be made to include key populations in this crucial process for the HIV prevention response to be truly impactful.

 

Excerpted from Px Wire.


Keywords:  HIV vaccine, microbicides, PrEP, treatment, male circumcision

 

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Pages

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