What New in Treatment Monitoring: Viral Load and CD4 Testing. WHO. (2017)

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Monitoring of individuals on ART is important to ensure treatment efficacy and improved health outcomes.

The 2016 WHO Consolidated Guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection include recommendations on routine monitoring and the diagnosis of treatment failure.

 

Keywords: HIV, ART, CD4, treatment, testing, monitoring

 

 

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On the Fast-Track to an AIDS-Free Generation. UNAIDS. (2016)

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The Global Plan towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive (Global Plan) was launched in June 2011. It prioritizes the 22 countries1 that, in 2009, accounted for 90% of the global number of pregnant women living with HIV who were in need of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This report summarizes the history and development of the Global Plan, its achievements in reaching ambitious goals, lessons learned and directions for future progress to end new HIV infections among children.

 

Keywords: HIV, infections, children, prevention, antiretroviral medicines, pregnant women, breastfeeding

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Surveillance of Viral Hepatitis in Hong Kong - 2015 Update Report. Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health. (2016)

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This Report presents the latest findings from collation and analysis of viral hepatitis data obtained from the disease notification system, service statistics, seroprevalence studies and other research findings. Much hopeful that the local viral hepatitis picture can be painted accurately and fully, this is certainly limited by the nature and availability of data. The presence of biases in data per se and their interpretation need to be acknowledged in reading this Report.


Keywords: HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, tuberculosis (TB), coinfection

 

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WHO Essential Medicines and Health Products Annual Report 2015. WHO/EMP. (2016)

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2015 confirmed a significant recent trend in the flagship WHO Model List of Essential Medicines with groundbreaking new treatments for hepatitis C and a variety of cancers included in the list despite their high prices. The list also included five new medicines for multidrug resistant tuberculosis (TB), among other updates. Traditionally considered a tool for developing countries to use as a guide for national medicines selection, the WHO Essential Medicines List is increasingly seen as a tool to increase access globally.


Keywords: HIV, AIDS, treatment, hepatitis C, tuberculosis (TB), drug resistant

 

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10th Meeting Report: Asia-Pacific Prevention of Parent-to-Child Transmission of HIV Task Force. UNICEF. (2016)

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The 10th Asia-Pacific United Nations Prevention of Parent-To-Child Transmission (PPTCT) of HIV and Syphilis Task Force meeting was held from 15 to 17 September 2015 in Beijing, China. More than 230 participants from 19 Asia-Pacific countries, including 90 participants from provinces in China, as well as civil society and United Nations partners attended the meeting. The meeting focused on steps towards achieving and validating the elimination of parent-to-child transmission (EPTCT) of infectious diseases, and the integration of services to contribute to improving maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes.


Keywords: EPTCT, HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis, ART, children, infant

 

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Review on the Epidemiology and Prevention and Control of Hepatitis A. Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health. (2016)

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This paper reviews the latest global and local situation of hepatitis A and examines the prevention and control measures of hepatitis A in Hong Kong.

Hepatitis A is inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is one of the most frequent causes of foodborne infection. It occurs sporadically and in epidemics worldwide. Every year there are an estimated 1.4 million cases of hepatitis A worldwide. Regions with high HAV endemicity include parts of Africa and Asia.


Keywords: Hong Kong, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, treatment, mode of transmission

 

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The Need for Routine Viral Load Testing. UNAIDS. (2016)

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Greatly expanded access to routine viral load testing will be a game-changer in the global response to AIDS. Routine viral load tests improve treatment quality and individual health outcomes for people living with HIV, contribute to prevention, and potentially reduce resource needs for costly second- and third-line HIV medicines.


Keywords: HIV, viral load, care, testing, CD4

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Elimination of Parent-to-Child-Transmission of HIV and Syphilis in Asia and the Pacific in 2015 and Beyond. UNICEF. (2016)

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Syphilis, a sexually transmitted bacterial infection, affects almost 40 million people worldwide. Like HIV, it can be passed from a pregnant woman to her unborn child. In pregnancy, if untreated, syphilis can result in severe outcomes for mother and infant. Yet, transmission can be effectively prevented with inexpensive and easily available penicillin treatment for pregnant women.6 Recognizing the opportunity to test and treat mothers and babies during antenatal or perinatal care, in 2007, the WHO and its partners published the Global elimination of congenital syphilis: rationale and strategy for action. The goal was to increase the number of pregnant women tested for syphilis to 90 per cent and to provide adequate treatment to at least 90 per cent of seropositive pregnant women by 2015.

 


Keywords: HIV, syphilis, EPTCT, ANC, ART, pregnant women, infants

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Promoting Innovation and Access to Health Technologies. United Nations Secretary-General High-Level Panel on Access to Medicines. (2016)

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Whether it’s the rising price of the EpiPen, or new outbreaks of diseases, like Ebola, Zika and yellow fever, the rising costs of health technologies and the lack of new tools to tackle health problems, like antimicrobial resistance, is a problem in rich and poor countries alike. 
 
According to a High-Level Panel convened to advise the UN Secretary-General on improving access to medicines, the world must take bold new approaches to both health technology innovation and ensuring access so that all people can benefit from the medical advances that have dramatically improved the lives of millions around the world in the last century. 
 

 

Keywords: TRIPS, Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), health technology, access

 


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HIV/HCV Co-infection Strategic Narrative. UNITAID. (2016)

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Until recently, diagnosis and treatment of HCV was complex. Suitable tools for screening and diagnosis were lacking, and treatment was hampered by limited efficacy and severe side effects. New medicines for the treatment of HCV have revolutionized HCV treatment. Combinations of these new medicines, which are generally well-tolerated and effective, can cure HCV in 12 weeks. This offers a huge opportunity to address HCV, in particularly among HIV/HCV co-infected people, who are more vulnerable as they progress faster to serious disease than HCV mono-infected people.


Keywords: HIV, HCV, medicines, treatment, diagnosis, prevention

 

 

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_What_New_in_Treatment_Monitoring_Viral_Load_and_CD4_Testing_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_2016-17.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_Mapping_Key_Populations_2015-16.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017_Data_2017_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NEC_HIV_May-AIDSreg2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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