Treat All: Policy Adoption and Implementation Status in Countries. WHO. (2017)

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With the 2016 Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection, WHO updated and launched new policy recommendations on the clinical and service delivery aspects of HIV treatment and care, and raised the bar to treat all PLHIV (Treat All). WHO has worked with countries to ensure uptake and implementation of these recommendations in support of the to the 90-90-90 targets.

 


Keywords: HIV, ART, LMIC, Fast-Track, treatment, testing

 

 

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Issue Brief: Using Competition Law to Promote Access to Medicines and Related Health Technologies in Low- and Middle-income Countries. UNDP. (2017)

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Competition law is an important policy tool that LMICs can use to protect consumer welfare and promote industrial and economic development. It aims to restrict unfair business practices, and promote quicker introduction and increased availability of health technologies. The issue brief highlights key aspects of using competition law to promote access to health technologies from UNDP’s landmark publication “Using Competition Law to Promote Access to Health Technologies: A guidebook for low- and middle-income countries.” The issue brief intends to be a resource for policymakers, national competition authorities, national procurement agencies, health authorities, civil society and other actors who have an interest in understanding the critical role of competition authorities in promoting access to health technologies.

 

Keywords: HIV, TB, LMICs, access, medicines, laws

 

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Global Hepatitis Report, 2017. WHO. (2017)

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This WHO Global hepatitis report describes, for the first time, the global and regional estimates on viral hepatitis in 2015, setting the baseline for tracking progress in implementing the new global strategy.

 

The report focuses on hepatitis B and C, which are responsible for 96% of all hepatitis mortality. It presents data along the five strategic directions (strategic information, interventions, equity, financing and innovation) – key pillars of the GHSS to facilitate monitoring of progress in countries, regions and globally, and to measure the impact of interventions on reducing new infections and saving lives between 2015 and 2030. 


Keywords: HIV, HCV, HBV, prevention, testing, treatment

 


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Download Executive Summary

 

The Maternal Health Thematic Fund: Towards Equality in Access, Quality of Care and Accountability. UNFPA. (2017)

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This report highlights the key results achieved over Phase II of the MHTF, from 2014 to 2016, structured around the three cross-cutting principles of accountability, equality of access and quality of care, as outlined in the MHTF Business Plan Phase II (2014-2017). The report foregrounds the MHTF’s role in supporting health systems strengthening, and addresses its catalytic nature, its promotion of sustainability and its strong emphasis on advancing innovation.


Keywords: health care, women, girls, human rights, gender

 

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Regional Action Plan for Viral Hepatitis in South-East Asia, 2016–2021. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017)

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Viral hepatitis now ranks as the seventh leading cause of mortality worldwide. Although mortality due to communicable diseases has declined globally, the absolute burden and relative ranking of viral hepatitis as a cause of mortality has increased between 1990 and 2013.

 

Viral hepatitis causes at least as many, if not more, deaths annually compared with TB, AIDS, or malaria. Mortality due to viral hepatitis is increasing with time, while that due to TB, HIV and malaria is declining. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections account for more than 90% of viral hepatitis-related deaths and disability, with hepatitis A and E being responsible for the remaining.

 


Keywords: HIV, TB, hepatitis, viral, prevention and control, public health, vaccination

 

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Strategic Framework for Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission (PPTCT) of HIV in Pakistan. Khan A. (2017)

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This strategic framework provides a road map to scale-up PPTCT services in the most efficient manner, where value for money is achieved with the promise that no infected mother will be missed and no child will be born with HIV, where every HIV exposed infant will receive the much needed HIV test at 6 weeks of age, and linked to treatment where required.

 


Keywords: HIV, PPTCT, ART, treatment, care

 

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Factsheet: Unitaid and Hepatitis C in the Context of Co-infection with HIV. UNITAID. (2017)

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According to the WHO, about 2.3 million people are co-infected with HIV and the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Moreover, there were an estimated 1.75 million new hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections worldwide in 2015. HCV usually presents only mild symptoms, if any, until it is at an advanced stage, thereby making it difficult to recognize the disease early.


Keywords: HIV, HCV, diagnosis, treatment

 

 

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At the Edge of a Miracle: The Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Epidemic in Malaysia. Rahman F. (2017)

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The hepatitis C virus (HCV) has long since been a neglected disease, given long latency periods before any chronic illness manifests, and the low cure rate and numerous side effects of the pegylated interferon-ribavirin treatment (hereinafter PEGINF). However, of late, given the development of revolutionary drugs called direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) that can cure the disease in as little as 8 weeks, international interest, and with it, international financial investment, has peaked.


Keywords: HIV/HCV, co-infection, diagnostic, testing, treatment

 

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Briefing Paper: Drug Dependence Treatment in China: A Policy Analysis. Tibke P. (2017)

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Drug use and supply have been a sensitive and high-priority issue for successive governments in China since at least the Opium Wars in the mid-19th century. China’s policy response to drug use relies on punishment and coercion as central components, including compulsory detoxification, detention in labour camps or so-called ‘rehabilitation’ facilities, and compulsory registration with law enforcement authorities resulting in surveillance and random interrogations. 

 

Yet, in the late-1990s, in a policy move that appeared to emphasize healthcare instead of punishment for people who inject drugs, China began implementing the world’s largest scale-up provision of opioid substitution therapy (OST) and needle and syringe programmes (NSP) – two critical harm reduction measures for preventing HIV transmission. However, the overall approach towards people who use drugs remains punitive and stigmatising in China. As drug use continues to rise and expand across a greater range of drugs (especially synthetic drugs such as methamphetamine), as well as amongst younger age groups, China requires a comprehensive system of evidence-based and humane drug treatment and harm reduction services capable of advancing the health and quality of life of individuals and communities.

 

Keywords: China, HIV, PWID, NSPs and OST, drugs, health, law

 

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Patients Helping Patients Understand Opioid Substitution Treatment. Chapman J, Fowler A, Mackenzie B, et al. (2017)

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This handbook has been written by a group of patients in British Columbia. We all have long experience with medication-assisted treatments for opioid dependence. The language about drug use is complex. The latest version of the manual that defines diseases and disorders (DSM-V) no longer refers to “dependence” and uses “addiction” instead. In this handbook, we continue to use “dependence” to refer to our experience of “needing the drug” and significant withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit or cut down on our use. Deciding to seek help is an important step in any process of recovery. You are making a wise decision to seek help now. People dependent on opioid drugs and not receiving opioid substitution treatment (OST) are many times more likely to die or be seriously harmed by problem drug use.


Keywords: HIV/AIDS, OST, testing, harm reduction, stigma

 

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_HIV_drug_resistance_report_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_on_public_health_response_to_pretreatment_HIV_drug_resistance_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Guidelines_for_Managing_Advanced_HIV_Disease_and_Rapid_Initiation_of_ART_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_What_New_in_Treatment_Monitoring_Viral_Load_and_CD4_Testing_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_2016-17.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_Mapping_Key_Populations_2015-16.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017_Data_2017_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Myanmar_National_Strategic_Plan_on_HIV_and_AIDS_2016-2020.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NEC_HIV_May-AIDSreg2017.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
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