Bending the Curve - Ending TB: Annual Report 2017. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017)

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This is the second SEAR TB Report as we take first steps into the post 2015 era of the SDGs. In 2015, there was an estimated 4.74 million incidence of TB in the SEA Region, including HIV+TB co-infection. The total number of new cases notified to National TB programmes in the Region were around 2.65 million in appear staggering despite a reasonably good performance. Three countries that are poised well to eliminating TB by 2030 are Maldives, Bhutan and Sri Lanka. Nepal too is doing well despite the twin challenges of its mountainous terrain and coping with a major natural disaster. Timor-Leste, though small in terms of absolute TB numbers, faces a major challenge in bringing down its incidence rate.


Keywords: HIV, TB, ART, drug resistant, treatment

 

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Ministerial Meeting towards Ending TB in the South-East Asia Region, 15-16 March 2017, New Delhi, India. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017)

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The two-day ministerial meeting held in Delhi was essentially aimed at raising the pitch on TB and garnering political commitment to end TB by 2030. From the above perspective the meeting was a resounding success considering that nine of 11 SEA Region health ministers attended the meeting promising to end TB with renewed momentum. Two countries had high level government representation. One of the core agendas of the meeting was framing the 'Call for Action' declaration and endorsing it by Member States. The 'Call for Action' declaration was signed by all SEA Region countries in an exemplary show of unity to 'bend the curve' and end TB. 


Keywords: HIV, TB, drug-resistant, treatment, diagnosis

 

 

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Regional Response Plan for TB-HIV 2017–2021. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017)

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The Global Plan provides an opportunity for greater alignment among efforts to fight both diseases. Taking inspiration from the UNAIDS target of providing treatment to 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status, the Global Plan calls for countries to find at least 90% of all people with TB in the population that require treatment (including those living with HIV) and place them on appropriate therapy (including TB treatment and preventive therapy for people living with HIV).


Keywords: TB-HIV, PLHIV, response, funding, treatment

 

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Out of Step TB - Policies in 29 Countries. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and Stop TB Partnership. (2017)

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Out of Step includes the results of a 29-country survey on national TB policies and practices. The report was created to identify gaps in implementation and monitor progress towards ending TB.

While countries have made progress since the 2015 Out of Step report, much more work needs to be done to make sure that these policies are fully implemented across all communities, so that they will make a real difference to people affected by TB.


Keywords: HIV, TB, testing, treatment, diagnosis

 

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Factsheet: Unitaid and Tuberculosis. UNITAID. (2017)

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Unitaid invests in new ways to prevent, diagnose and treat tuberculosis (TB) more quickly, more cheaply and more effectively. Some of our interventions include: accelerating diagnosis. The most widely used test for TB is to take a patient’s sputum sample and identify the bacterium under a microscope. The bacteria are then grown in a dish containing anti-TB drugs to see if they are resistant to the most commonly used drugs to treat TB.

 


Keywords: HIV, TB, diagnosis, treatment, drug resistant

 

 

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Ethics Guidance for the Implementation of the TB Strategy. WHO. (2017)

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The World Health Organization End TB Strategy is fully aligned with the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Both require due attention to equity, human rights and ethics. In fact, “protecting human rights, ethics and equity” is one of the four key principles of the WHO End TB Strategy. The SDG agenda itself is inspired by a simple motto: “Leave no one behind”. Ensuring that these essential principles guide the implementation of the End TB Strategy is a must, especially when tuberculosis (TB) is rampant among the most vulnerable and marginalized populations everywhere in the world.


Keywords: human rights, care and prevention, treatment, children, prisoners, migrants, health care

 

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Infographic Tuberculosis and HIV. UNAIDS. (2017)

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UNAIDS calls for the elimination of TB deaths among people living with HIV and for health systems to be strengthened and services integrated to allow for a more rapid scale-up of HIV and TB programming. Countries must expand HIV prevention and treatment programmes that include regular TB screening, preventive therapy and early treatment, since they are simple, affordable and effective programmes that prevent TB deaths.


Keywords: HIV, AIDS, TB, PLHIV, death, children

 

 

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PEPFAR Technical Considerations for COP/ROP 2016. PEPFAR. (2016)

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PEPFAR Technical Considerations for COP/ROP 2016 were released at the beginning of February 2016. Within the document PEPFAR reiterates its endorsement of the UNAIDS Fast-Track 90-90-90 targets for 2020 and highlights the importance of implementing collaborative TB/HIV activities as key to achieving these targets. It urges PEPFAR teams to ensure universal ART coverage (100%) for HIV-infected TB patients, through the support of integrated models of HIV/TB care to detect HIV-associated TB and provide ART in TB clinics. It further points out that viral suppression is only achievable if people living with HIV are alive, on ART, and virally suppressed. If PLHIV become ill and die of TB, the question of viral suppression becomes irrelevant. Furthermore, TB is known to worsen HIV progression and thereby leads to higher viral load. Hence the scale-up of TB screening and TB case-finding, IPT and TB infection control are key to contributing to long-term viral suppression for PLHIV on ART.

 

Keywords: HIV, adolescent, girls, young women, children, pregnant, breastfeeding, testing, human rights

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Assessment of TB and HIV Services in Pakistan through a Gender Lens. Khan SA. (2016)

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Objective of Gender Assessment: The gender assessment was planned to identify gaps in TB and HIV services, which will be shared with relevant stakeholders for further policy level integration into overall health framework and vision. This will assist both programs to assess HIV and TB care context and response from a gender perspective, and help in shaping response from gender lens to reduce the dual burden of HIV and TB infection.


Keywords: HIV, TB, gender-based violence, sexual reproductive health, empowerment, girls, women

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Provider Initiated Testing and Counselling for Presumptive TB Cases and TB Patients: Training Manual for Laboratory Technicians. Central TB Division and National AIDS Control Organization. (2016)

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While TB is commonest opportunistic infection (OI) in HIV-infected individuals, HIV infection is an important risk factor for acquiring TB infection and its progression to active TB. HIV/TB together is a fatal combination with extremely high death rates (15 to 18%) reported among HIV-infected TB cases notified under Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP). Overall, TB is estimated to cause about 25% of all deaths among PLHIV in India.


Keywords: TB, HIV, PLHIV, diagnosis, testing and counselling

 

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Highlighted publications
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Global_AIDS_Update_2017_Data_2017_en.pdf
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http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_2017_Global_AIDS_Monitoring_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Nepal-IBBS-FIDU-Kathmandu-valley-RI-2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Get_on_the_Fast-Track_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/NEC_HIV_July-Oct-AIDSreg2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_methods_for_deriving_estimates_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_Size_Estimation_of_Key_Affected_Populations_in_Philippines.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Assessment_of_Decentralization_of_ART_in_MMR_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS-2016-prevention-gap-report_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_Biomedical_AIDS_research_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Implementing_comprehensive_HIV_and_STI_programmes_with_transgender_people_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/UNAIDS_cities_ending_the_aids_epidemic_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Philippines_2015_IHBSS_Factsheets.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Pakistan_IBBS_Report_Punjab_2014_0.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Integrating_collaborative_TB_and_HIV_services_within_a_comprehensive_package_of_care_for_PWID_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_IBBS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/India_HSS_report_2014-15.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/The_negative_impact_of_drug_control_on_public_health_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/2015_young_people_drugs_en.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Death_Penalty_for_Drug_Offences_Global_Overview_2015.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Transforming_our_world_2015_UN.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/WHO_Consolidated_on_the_use_of_antiretroviral_drugs_for_treating_and_preventing_HIV_infection_2016.pdf
http://aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/highlight-reference/document/Consolidated_Strategic_Information_Guidelines_for_HIV_in_Health_Sector_2015.pdf
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