SAARC Epidemiological Response in Tuberculosis 2016. SAARC Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS Centre. (2017)

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This report is an excellent review of the current status and future plans for the control of TB in the SAARC Region. It includes information on burden of tuberculosis in the SAARC region, including incidence, mortality along with the MDR-TB, TB/HIV confection etc. It also covers the information of the year 2014 and has been prepared on the basis of information collected from member countries during the year 2015 and by reviewing other related documents.


Keywords: HIV/AIDS, TB, co-infection, treatment, drug-resistant

 

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Antibacterial Agents in Clinical Development: An Analysis of the Antibacterial Clinical Development Pipeline, Including Tuberculosis. WHO. (2017)

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The report – “Antibacterial agents in clinical development – an analysis of the antibacterial clinical development pipeline, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis” – shows a serious lack of new antibiotics under development to combat the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance. Most of the drugs currently in the clinical pipeline are modifications of existing classes of antibiotics and are only short-term solutions. The report found very few potential treatment options for those antibiotic-resistant infections identified by WHO as posing the greatest threat to health, including drug-resistant tuberculosis which kills around 250 000 people each year. In addition to multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, WHO has identified 12 classes of priority pathogens – some of them causing common infections such as pneumonia or urinary tract infections – that are increasingly resistant to existing antibiotics and urgently in need of new treatments.


Keywords: TB, treatment, drugs, antibiotics

 

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Bending the Curve - Ending TB: Annual Report 2017. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017)

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This is the second SEAR TB Report as we take first steps into the post 2015 era of the SDGs. In 2015, there was an estimated 4.74 million incidence of TB in the SEA Region, including HIV+TB co-infection. The total number of new cases notified to National TB programmes in the Region were around 2.65 million in appear staggering despite a reasonably good performance. Three countries that are poised well to eliminating TB by 2030 are Maldives, Bhutan and Sri Lanka. Nepal too is doing well despite the twin challenges of its mountainous terrain and coping with a major natural disaster. Timor-Leste, though small in terms of absolute TB numbers, faces a major challenge in bringing down its incidence rate.


Keywords: HIV, TB, ART, drug resistant, treatment

 

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Ministerial Meeting towards Ending TB in the South-East Asia Region, 15-16 March 2017, New Delhi, India. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017)

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The two-day ministerial meeting held in Delhi was essentially aimed at raising the pitch on TB and garnering political commitment to end TB by 2030. From the above perspective the meeting was a resounding success considering that nine of 11 SEA Region health ministers attended the meeting promising to end TB with renewed momentum. Two countries had high level government representation. One of the core agendas of the meeting was framing the 'Call for Action' declaration and endorsing it by Member States. The 'Call for Action' declaration was signed by all SEA Region countries in an exemplary show of unity to 'bend the curve' and end TB. 


Keywords: HIV, TB, drug-resistant, treatment, diagnosis

 

 

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Regional Response Plan for TB-HIV 2017–2021. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017)

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The Global Plan provides an opportunity for greater alignment among efforts to fight both diseases. Taking inspiration from the UNAIDS target of providing treatment to 90% of people who know their HIV-positive status, the Global Plan calls for countries to find at least 90% of all people with TB in the population that require treatment (including those living with HIV) and place them on appropriate therapy (including TB treatment and preventive therapy for people living with HIV).


Keywords: TB-HIV, PLHIV, response, funding, treatment

 

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Bending the Curve - Ending TB in the WHO South-East Asia Region. WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2017)

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Tuberculosis (TB) remains the largest cause of death and suffering due to any communicable disease among the most productive groups in the World Health Organization’s South-East Asia Region (SEAR). Nearly half of global TB cases emerge in this Region, which is home to one fourth of the total population. It is estimated that TB and TB-HIV co-infection caused 3 deaths every 2 minutes in the Region in 2015. These deaths were entirely preventable with proper treatment of all TB patients, including those infected with drug-resistant strains.

The WHO End TB strategy and corresponding Regional Strategic Plan to end TB targets reductions to the extent of 90% in deaths, and 80% in TB incidence by 2030. This is in alignment with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to which all countries have committed.


Keywords: HIV, tuberculosis, cost effectiveness, intervention

 

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Out of Step TB - Policies in 29 Countries. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and Stop TB Partnership. (2017)

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Out of Step includes the results of a 29-country survey on national TB policies and practices. The report was created to identify gaps in implementation and monitor progress towards ending TB.

While countries have made progress since the 2015 Out of Step report, much more work needs to be done to make sure that these policies are fully implemented across all communities, so that they will make a real difference to people affected by TB.


Keywords: HIV, TB, testing, treatment, diagnosis

 

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Global Tuberculosis Report 2017. WHO. (2017)

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WHO has published a global TB report every year since 1997. The main aim of the report is to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic, and of progress in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease at global, regional and country levels. This is done in the context of recommended global TB strategies and targets endorsed by WHO’s Member States and broader development goals set by the United Nations.

 

Keywords: SDGs, TB, ART, treatment, prevention, diagnosis

 


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Factsheet: Unitaid and Tuberculosis. UNITAID. (2017)

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Unitaid invests in new ways to prevent, diagnose and treat tuberculosis (TB) more quickly, more cheaply and more effectively. Some of our interventions include: accelerating diagnosis. The most widely used test for TB is to take a patient’s sputum sample and identify the bacterium under a microscope. The bacteria are then grown in a dish containing anti-TB drugs to see if they are resistant to the most commonly used drugs to treat TB.

 


Keywords: HIV, TB, diagnosis, treatment, drug resistant

 

 

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Key Populations Brief: Indigenous Peoples. Stop TB Partnership. (2017)

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The world’s 370 million indigenous peoples face a plethora of issues caused by displacement, dispossession, loss of livelihood, systematic racism and abuse, and lack of recognition (1–4). Further hindering an adequate response to these challenges, there is a pervasive lack of data about indigenous peoples concerning health and other key development indicators. Data that are available show a prevalence of extreme poverty and severe health disparities that include tuberculosis (TB).

 

Keywords: TB, health, diagnosis, treatment, data

 

 

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